What is the significance of the fact that Pharaoh harnessed his chariot?


Rashi and Targum Yonasan: To teach us that he harnessed it himself, and not through his servants. 1


This was either a sign of hatred (See Ba'al ha'Turim, Pasuk 5 [Refer also to Bereishis, 22:3:2:1*]), or it was to encourage the army to join him.


How did Pharaoh succeed in talking his army into following him?


Rashi: He reminded them that (a) after being smitten with ten plagues they had sent Yisrael away with all their money; (b) he would lead them into battle 1 (unlike other kings, who tended to go into battle behind the troops), and (c) would take an equal share of the booty with them, unlike other kings, who take first, as much as they want). 2


Refer to 14:10:1:1.


See Shemos 15:9. Refer also to 14:6:1:1*.

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