1)

To whom will Par'oh say "Nevuchim Hem ba'Aretz"?

1.

Targum Yonasan: To Dasan and Aviram. 1


1

See Na'ar Yonasan in Bo (10:23).

2)

What does "Nevuchim Hem ba'Aretz" mean?

1.

Rashi #1: 'They are locked in' (entangled) 1 (and do not know how to escape).

2.

Rashi (in Michah, 7:4): 'They are perplexed'.

3.

Rashbam: It is the acronym of 'Nivchei Yam' - implying that the hidden depths of the sea are preventing them from fleeing forwards. 2


1

Refer to 14:3:3:2*

3)

What does "Ve'amar Par'oh ... Sagar aleihem ha'Midbar" mean?

1.

Seforno and Targum Yonasan: He will say that Ba'al Tzefon had locked them in the desert (and they could not escape).

2.

Rashbam and Targum Onkelos: He will say that the desert has enclosed them. 1

3.

Oznayim la'Torah: He will say that Hashem closed the desert on them - that He does not really want their Avodah, as per the words of Moshe and Aharon, who were lying all along. And this would encourage Par'oh to chase after Yisrael - just as Hashem planned!


1

They were unable to flee back (the way they had come), due to the snakes, serpents, scorpions and wild beasts that abound in the desert (Rashbam).

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