hebrew
1)

Why is there an extra 'Lamed in the word "l'Chol Cheil Par'oh"?

1.

Rashi: The Torah often adds a 'Lamed'. 1

2.

Ramban: It comes to add the infantry 2 that followed behind the cavalry into the sea. 3


1

Rashi: Like we find in Shemos 27:3, 19, and in Bamidbar 4:32.

2

Ramban: See above, Pasuk 9.

3

In which case, the word "le'Chol" is missing a 'Vav'; and it is grammatically correct to add a 'Lamed' after the word "Vayechasu"

2)

What is the Pasuk referring to when it adds "le'Chol Cheil Par'oh"?

1.

Rashi: It refers to the chariots and the riders that precede it in the Pasuk.

2.

Ramban: Refer to 14:28:1:2.

3.

Seforno: It refers to the chariots and riders (private citizens) who followed the army to the battle-ground. 1


1

To share in the spoil (Seforno, later 15:9).

3)

Why does the Torah add the words "Ad Echad"?

1.

Chizkuni: It wants to stress that not even one soldier survived. 1

2.

Da'as Zekeinim, Hadar Zekenim: It means that one man did survive 2


1

As the Pasuk writes in Tehilim (106:11) "Not one of them remained" (Chizkuni).

2

See Ba'al ha'Turim.

3

And when the Pasuk writes in Tehilim (106:11) that not even one of them remained, it means 'of his nation.'

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