1)

What is the significance of the dual command "Raise your staff and stretch out your hand... "?

1.

Seforno: Hashem instructed Moshe to raise his staff towards the wind, to direct it to blow on the sea and cause it to become dry, 1 and then to stretch out his staff over the sea to cause it to split.

2.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (1, citing Moshav Zekenim): Raise your staff out of your hand 2 , and stretch out your hand [to split the sea], so Yisrael will know that it is not through [Kishuf via] the staff that you do the signs.

3.

Hadar Zekenim: You only need to raise your staff, for I stipulated from the six days of Creation "Yikavu ha'Mayim... v'Sera'eh ha'Yabashah" (Bereishis 1:9).


1

Targum Yonason implies that it did not become dry. See also Kli Yakar.

2

Verse 21 supports this. It says only that Moshe stretched out his hand, and does not mention his staff. (PF)

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