1)

Why was the Shevu'ah necessary, considering that they took out the bones of the other Shevatim even without one?

1.

Oznayim la'Torah: Because, as the Midrash states, the Egyptians hid Yosef's coffin in the Nile, in order to bless the water of the Nile, or, as others say, they buried it in the kings' mausoleum and surrounded it with dogs and witchcraft, rendering it inaccessible - and it was only on account of the Shevu'ah that Moshe made the necessary effort to retrieve it. 1


1

Interestingly, in similar vein, Yosef was only able to bury his father Ya'akov, on acount of the Shevu'ah that he had made to him. Refer to Bereishis, 50:6:1:1.

2)

Why does the Torah use the double expression "Hashbe'a Hishbi'a"?

1.

Rashi: Because he made his sons swear that they would make their sons swear ... until they left Egypt.

3)

Why did Yosef not make his sons swear that they would take him out of Egypt, like his father made him swear?

1.

Rashi: Because, unlike himself (who had the authority to take his father out of Egypt and bury him in Eretz Kena'an), Yosef knew that the Egyptians would never allow his sons to take his body from Egypt.

2.

Hadar Zekenim: Yakov made Yosef swear, for Yosef had more authority to take him than his brothers did. Yosef knew that his sons had no more authority than others, so he made all [his brothers] swear.

3.

Hadar Zekenim, from Bereishis Rabah 85:3: He told his brothers 'you stole me from Shechem. 1 Return me to Shechem!'


1

Yosef actually found them in Dosan (Bereishis 37:17)! Rashi Sanhedrin 102a, Sotah 13b - it is a town near Shechem, and it is called by the name of Shechem. Or, it is not a place at all; it means that his brothers seek Dasos v'Dinin (pretexts) to kill him. Iyun Yakov (Sotah 13b) - or, he found them in Dosan, but the pit in which they cast him and from which they sold him was in Shechem. (According to this Midrash, the Shevu'ah did not apply to the descendants of Yosef and Binyamin, and perhaps also of Reuven. - PF)

4)

What is the significance of the fact that specifically Moshe took Yosef's bones out of Egypt?

1.

Sotah 13a: Whilst the rest of Yisrael was busy taking the spoils of Egypt, Moshe went to fetch Yosef's coffin from the Nile. 1

2.

Seforno: Because he was the leader of that generation, and the obligations pertaining to the generation falls upon the leader to fulfill.

3.

Moshav Zekenim: He wanted to show that Yosef pardoned Moshe's grandfather Levi. 2


1

And it is with reference to him that the Pasuk writes in Mishlei (10:8) "Chacham Lev Yikach Mitzvos".

2

Is there any source or reason why Yosef pardoned (or was more upset with) Levi more than any of the other brothers who sold him? (PF)

5)

Why did Moshe opt to take out Yosef's bones rather than to take the spoils of Egypt, which was also a Mitzvah?

1.

Oznayim la'Torah: Because, as opposed to taking the spoils, taking out Yosef's coffin did not involve any personal gain. 1

2.

Because it was when the Yam-Suf 2 saw Yosef's coffin that it split. 3


1

If anything, it involved more effort and, as the MIshnah states in Avos, 5:28', The reward is commensurate with the effort'. See Oznayim la'Torah, who lists a number of other reasons to explain Moshe's choice. Refer also to 13:19:3.1:2.

2

Which initially refused to split, because it would have gone against the laws of nature to do so. And it ultmately split before the coffin of Yosef, who broke the laws of nature when he refused all the advances of the wife of Potefera. See Oznayim la'Torah, DH 'Vayikach Moshe' #2.

3

Yalkut Shim'oni learns this from a Gezeirah Shavah "ha'Yam Ra'ah Vayanos" (Tehilim, 114:3) and "Vayanas Vayeitzei ha'Chutzah" (Vayeishev, Bereishis, 39:12).

6)

Seeing as "Imo" implies that he kept Yosef's bones together with him, how could he take bones of a dead person into Machaneh Leviyah?

1.

Nazir, 45a: We see from here that it is permitted for a Tamei Meis and even for a Meis, to enter the Machaneh Leviyah.

2.

Yerushalmi Sotah, 1:10: "Imo" implies that he took the bones of Yosef 'with him' - that he benefitted from his act of Chesed - Refer to 213:19:3:4.

7)

What are the connotations of the word "Itchem" which Yosef said whilst speaking to his brothers?

1.

Rashi: He hinted to his brothers 1 that their bones too, would be taken out of Egypt by their respective children.


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

8)

Bearing in mind that Yosef said "mi'Zeh Itchem", whu does the Torah record that Moshe took Yosef's bones "Imo" and not 'Ito'?

1.

Oznayim la'Torah: Based on the G'ro, that 'Ito' implies with a different motive, whereas 'Imo' implies with the same intent, Yosef said "Itchem", because whereas in his humility, he meant that Yisrael, who would leave Egypt with the intention of receiving the Torah and inheriting Eretz Yisrael, should take out his bones to bury them, Moshe took out Yosef's Aron to transport it alongside his Aron (the Aron ha'Kodesh) to demonstrate how it is possible to keep the Mitzvos of the Torah (under the most adverse conditions). 1


1

As Chazal say 'Kiyam Zeh Mah she'Kasuv ba'Zeh'.

9)

Why is this written here on the second day [after leaving Egypt]? Did Moshe not take the bones on the first day?!

1.

Moshav Zekenim: Surely he took the bones on the first day, but they were mixed with the bones of his brothers. After they came to Sukos and were more settled, he separated Yosef's bones.

10)

Why does it say that Moshe took Yosef's bones? In Yehoshua (24:32), it says that Bnei Yisrael took them!

1.

Moshav Zekenim: Moshe made Bnei Yisrael zealous to take them, therefore it is attributed to him [in the Torah].

2.

Moshav Zekenim citing R. Moshe: Moshe took them, but he could not enter Eretz Yisrael, so Bnei Yisrael buried them in Shechem. Because they finished the Mitzvah, [in Sefer Yehoshua] it is attributed to them (Sotah 13b).

Sefer: Perek: Pasuk:
Month: Day: Year:
Month: Day: Year:

KIH Logo
D.A.F. Home Page
Sponsorships & DonationsReaders' FeedbackMailing ListsTalmud ArchivesAsk the KollelDafyomi WeblinksDafyomi CalendarOther Yomi calendars