hebrew
1)

What did the midwives mean when they told Pharaoh that the Ivriyods were Chayos?

1.

Rashi #1 and Targum Yonasan: They simply meant that the Jewish women were agile, and by the time they arrived the babies were already born. 1

2.

Rashi #2: They meant that the B'nei Yisrael were compared to Chayos, 2 who do not need midwives.

3.

Seforno: They are themselves experts in midwifery, in which case they will know the moment we do something untoward, and will never call us again.


1

After raising their eyes Heavenwards and Hashem answers their prayers (Targum Yonasan).

2

To a lion-whelp, to a wolf that tears its prey, to a gazelle that is sent ... (Rashi).

2)

How did that justify sustaining the babies?

1.

(EC): Pharaoh's instructions were that they were to kill the babies before they were born, 1 once they actually were born, there was no point in not sustaining them.


1

Refer to 1:16:2:1

3)

רש"י: משולות לחיות השדה: למה הוציאו הפסוק מפשוטו?

1.

גור אריה: קשה מה בכך שהן בקיאות, וכי מילדת לא זקוקה למילדת?!

4)

רש"י: משולות לחיות השדה: מה פרוש הדבר?

1.

מהר"ל (גבורות ה' פט"ו עמ' עד ד"ה ותאמרנה): חיות השדה קלות תנועה מפני דקות החומר שלהן 1 , וכך נשות ישראל ממהרות לילד כי אין להן את גסות החומר.


1

כפי שכתוב במסילת ישרים (פ"ו) שטבע האדם כבד מאוד כי עפריות החומריות גס.

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