hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah write yet again that Noach did what HaSh-m instructed him?

1.

Ramban: This time, Noach fulfilled the command of taking all the animals into the Ark in pairs.

2)

Why did HaSh-m have to close [the door of the Ark] behind Noach ("va'Yisgor HaSh-m Ba'a'do")? Why couldn't Noach do it himself?

1.

Rashi, Targum Onkelus and Targum Yonasan: The Torah does not only mean that HaSh-m closed the door behind him, 1 but that He protected him from the people outside who threatened to smash the Ark if he entered it. 2 When they tried to carry out their threat, wild animals killed them.

2.

Moshav Zekenim #1: HaSh-m's Name closed it, so it could not be opened.

3.

Moshav Zekenim #2: HaSh-m stopped the water from entering the Ark.


1

This is the straightforward explanation, according to Rashi. Moshav Zekenim explains that when the Ark was open, all came to enter, and Noach did not know which [animals] to let in, so HaSh-m closed it [against those that should not enter].

2

Refer to 7:13:1:1.

3)

Rashi writes:"HaSh-m protected Noach so that [his detractors] would not demolish the Ark...." What is the source for this in the Pasuk?

1.

Gur Aryeh: The word "Ba'a'do" seems to be out of place here, and must mean "surrounding him." Rashi therefore explains that HaSh-m surrounded the Ark with lions etc.

4)

Rashi writes: "... But the simple meaning of the verse is that He closed [the door] opposite him." What does Rashi mean?

1.

Gur Aryeh: It is unnecessary to explain "Ba'a'do" as "surrounding" (refer to 7:16:2.1:1), for we have many Scriptural examples in which "Ba'a'do" means "opposite," or "facing." Here too, HaSh-m closed the door opposite Noach to keep out the water.

5)

רש"י: הגין עליו שלא ישברוה: מנין למדו זאת?

1.

גור אריה: אם לא כן, למה כתוב "בעדו" [ולא 'כנגדו'].

6)

רש"י: ופשוטו של מקרא סגר כנגדו: מה כוונת רש"י?

1.

גור אריה: לא צריך לפרש "בעדו" כמדרשו שהגין סביביו, אלא שסגר כנגדו מהמים.

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