hebrew
1)

What caused Yosef to weep? Why did he distance himself from his brothers before doing so?

1.

Rashi: He wept when he saw that they were genuinely sorry for selling him, and he distanced himself from them so that they should not see him weeping.

2.

Seforno: He wept because he empathized with their pain.

2)

Why did he incarcerate specifically Shimon?

1.

Rashi #1 and Targum Yonasan: Because he was the one who said to Levi "Behold, here comes the dreamer!" 1

2.

Rashi #2 and Rashbam: To separate him from Levi, to prevent them from plotting him against him. 2

3.

Moshav Zekenim (22): Yosef intended to incarcerate the oldest. Once he heard how Reuven warned them not to harm him, he did not want to pain Reuven, so he took the next oldest.


1

Refer to 37:19:2:1.

2

As they did in Shechem (Rashbam). Refer to 49:7:3:1*.

3)

What is the meaning of "before their eyes"?

1.

Rashi: The moment the brothers left Egypt, he took him out and gave to him to eat and drink. 1


1

An act of 'revenge' which taught Shimon a lesson in brotherly love.

4)

רש"י: ששמע שהיו מתחרטין: אולי בכה מפני שהצטער בצערם?

1.

גור אריה: הוא בכה רק כאן ולא כשאסר אותם בבית האסורים, מפני שהוא ריחם עליהם אחרי שהם התחרטו.

5)

רש"י: שמא יתיעצו שניהם להרוג אותו: מנין לדרוש כך?

1.

גור אריה: אם לא כן, קשה למה עשה זאת ולא חשש שאחרי שהוא יתגלה אל אחיו הם יחשבו שיש בליבו עליהם שהרי השליך את שמעון לבור.

6)

רש"י: אלא לעיניהם: מנין לדרוש כך?

1.

גור אריה: אם לא כן, "לעיניהם" מיותר.

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