hebrew
1)

Why did Yehudah and Bas Shu'a give their sons such derogatory names ('Er' - childless, and 'Onan' - mourner)?

1.

Targum Yonasan: Because Er would indeed die without children and Onan would cause his father to mourn for him. 1

2.

Ramban: Yehudah actually called his son 'Er' meaning to arouse, 2 and Bas Shu'a 3 called her second son 'Onan', because she had a difficult birth. 4

3.

Hadar Zekenim, citing a Midrash: Er's name should have been 'Ra', 5 only he 6 reversed it to 'Er'.

4.

Pesikta Zutresa (2): Yehudah was stricken due to the sale of Yosef through his wife and children. Their names hint to the sale. Er - [Yosef] was Hu'arah (emptied) from the world. Onan - he brought Aninus (mourning, to his father) over him. Shelah - (Yehudah) erred. He was in Keziv - he lied about the sale.

5.

Malbim: Bas Shu'a had not converted before they were born, and her sons' end was bad.


1

And Chazal say that when parents name their children, they are inspired by a spark of Ru'ach ha'Kodesh.

2

Ramban: As in "Orerah Es Gevurasecha" - Tehilim, 80:3.

3

Hadar Zekenim (4): It was customary for the father to name the first son, and the mother, the second.

4

Ramban: As was common in those days. See 35:18 and Divrei ha'Yamim 1, 4:9.

5

Oznayim la'Torah: It suddenly struck him how he was going from one bad situation to another - (a) He advised the brothers to sell Yosef; (b) He was removed from his position of leadership (and lost his money); (c) He moved away from his brothers and his father's house, and (d) He married a Kena'anis and had a son from her.

6

Presumably, this means that Hashem gave Yehudah Ru'ach ha'Kodesh to call him 'Er'. (PF) Refer to 38:3:1:1*.

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