hebrew
1)

Why was Reuven not present when they sold Yosef? Where had he been?

1.

Rashi #1: It was Reuven's turn to serve his father that day.

2.

Rashi #2 and Targum Yonasan: He was busy with his sack-cloth and with fasting (doing Teshuvah) 1 for having switched the beds of Bilhah and Le'ah. 2


1

Targum Yonasan: In fact, he hoped that, if he returned Yosef to his father, he would forgive him for his sin .

2

Oznayim la'Torah (citing Pirkei de'R. Eliezer): Reuven went to meditate on one of the local mountains, with the intention of returning in the night to extricate Yosef from the pit and return him to his father. See Oanayim la'Torah DH 'Vayashav Reuven' #3.

2)

Why did Reuven rewnt his clothes?

1.

Oznayim la'Torah: Because he thought that his brothers had killed Yosef unjustly. 1


1

Oznayim la'Torah: Otherwise, he would not have mourned, since one does not m,kourn the death of Harugei Beis-Din.

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