hebrew
1)

What are the connotations of 'B'rachah' that Yakov mentioned here?

1.

Rashi: It refers to the gift 1 that he sent Esav, but in the context of greeting, which is often inherent in the word. 2

2.

Hadar Zekenim: It is a gift for which you did not toil. It would be disgraceful for you not to accept it.


1

Rosh: Cursed heretics say that "Birkasi" is an admission to the Brachos (that they are of Esav). I utterly refuted them. "That was brought to you" connotes physically! Hashem told Yakov "I will fulfill what I vowed to your fathers [through you]." Esav's angel, and also Yitzchak, blessed Yakov after he took the Brachos. Yakov needed to insist that Esav accept. If he returned the Brachos, Esav would take willingly!

2

For example, refer to 47:7:1:1.

2)

What is the difference between Esav's "Yesh li Rav" and Yakov's "Yesh li Kol"?

1.

Rashi: The latter is an expression of modesty, which implies that he (Yakov) had all his needs; whereas the former was one of arrogance, implying that he (Esav) had much more than he needed.

2.

Da'as Zekenim: "Yesh li Kol" means that I have all I need to oppose you - now that Yosef was born, I have fire and a flame to consume your straw!

3)

Why was Yakov so insistent that Esav accept his gift, and why did Esav initially decline to accept it?

1.

Yakov wanted to soften Esav's hatred and to force him, by way of a generous gift, to make up with him, whilst that what precisely what Esav was trying to avoid. This was a battle of wits which Yakov, taking advantage of his brother's greed, won. 1

2.

'Ma'aseh Avos Siman l'Banim'. This was a lesson on how to handle our captors in Galus, as the Ramban will explain in Pasuk 16. (EC)

3.

Moshav Zekenim (12): (Yakov and Esav fought in the womb over inheritance of the worlds - refer to 25:22:2:2.) Esav gave up the world to come and took this world. When he saw that Yakov has many animals, he said "if you receive also this world, I receive also the world to come"! Yakov asked him to take all that Yakov has, and in the end Esav agreed according to the first stipulation, but said "let me leave some of my men with you" - if one of my descendants will convert, you will immediately accept him under the wings of the Shechinah.


1

The Seforno points out the difference between Elisha, who, although pressed to accept, refused Na'aman's offer of silver and clothes and Esav, who could not resist his brother's gift.

4)

What are the implication of "ve'Chi Yesh li Kol!"?

1.

Refer to Bereishis 24:1:2:6.

5)

Why was Ya'akov so insistent that Esav accept his gift, and why did Esav initially decline to accept it?

1.

Ya'akov wanted to soften Esav's hatred and to force him, by way of a generous gift, to make up with him, whilst that what precisely what Esav was trying to avoid. This was a battle of wits which Ya'akov, taking advantage of his brother's greed, won. 1

2.

'Ma'aseh Avos Siman l'Banim'. This was a lesson on how to handle our captors in Galus, as the Ramban will explain in Pasuk 16. (EC)

3.

Moshav Zekenim (12): (Yakov and Esav fought in the womb over inheritance of the worlds - refer to 25:22:2:2.) Esav gave up the world to come and took this world. When he saw that Yakov has many animals, he said "if you receive also this world, I receive also the world to come"! Yakov asked him to take all that Yakov has, and in the end Esav agreed according to the first stipulation, but said "let me leave some of my men with you" - if one of my descendants will convert, you will immediately accept him under the wings of the Shechinah.


1

The Seforno points out the difference between Elisha, who, although pressed to accept, refused Na'aman's offer of silver and clothes and Esav, who could not resist his brother's gift.

6)

Esav is compared to an angel (Sarisa Im Elokim). He was a great Chacham, going to take great vengeance. How could a light gift bribe him [not to take vengeance]?

1.

Chochmah u'Musar 2, p.463: Due to his lust for money, the bribe blinded his Chachmah. 1

2.

Ohr Yechezkel (Darchei ha'Avodah p.235): Even though Esav was rich, a Rasha is never satisfied with what he has.


1

Chochmah u'Musar assumes that Esav still thought that he and his men could defeat Yakov. If so, he could take all of Yakov's wealth! (PF) Hadar Zekenim (14) points out that "bribes blind the clever", and all the more so Resha'im!

7)

רש"י: ברכתי- מנחתי: מנין לפרש כך?

1.

גור אריה: מאחר שהוכיח רש"י ששאילת שלום נקראת ברכה, יש לפרש שגם המנחה הבאה מחמתה נקראת 'ברכה'.

8)

רש"י: לא טרחת בה: מנין שזו כוונת יעקב?

1.

גור אריה: יעקב לא אמר 'אשר הבאתי' אלא "אשר הובאת" לומר שאני טרחתי בה ולא אתה.

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