hebrew
1)

What does "va'Yochach Amesh" mean?

1.

Rashi: It means that the night before, Hashem had rebuked him (Lavan).

2.

Ramban: It means that He proved him (Yakov) right. 1


1

The same word that Yakov used earlier (in Pasuk 37)

2)

Why did Yakov switch from "Elokei Avraham" to "Pachad Yitzchak"?

1.

Rashi: Because he was afraid to attach the Name of Hashem 1 to that of Yitzchak, 2 something Hakadosh-Baruch-Hu does not do in the lifetime of a Tzadik. 3

2.

Ibn Ezra: "Pachad Yitzchak" means 'Yitzchak's fear of Hashem.'

3.

Pane'ach Raza, Tosfos ha'Shalem (2): Lavan saw in a dream Yitzchak praying with great fear, lest Lavan harm him, and therefore he sent Devorah (to tell Yakov to return). Lavan said (Pasuk 29) "Elokei Avichem Emesh Amar Elai", and not Elokecha - Hashem accepted Yitzchak's prayer, and warned me not to harm you.

4.

Ohr ha'Chayim: Refer to 31:42:151:3. Because Yitzchak's primary Midah was Din.

5.

Malbim: If not for Lavan's fear of [Elokei Avraham, who appeared to him and warned him, and] Yitzchak, who was a great noble, he would have harmed Yakov.

6.

Ha'Emek Davar: This refers to his inability to see injustice.

7.

Lev Eliyahu (Bereishis p.107): This refers to Yitzchak's fear to bless Yakov, lest he engage in matters of this world and wax rich, and his Shleimus will be blunted. 4


1

See Ramban, who equates this explanation with Targum Onkelos.

2

Moshav Zekenim asks that later Yakov did so (refer to 32:10:1:1), and Eliezer said "Elokei Adoni Avraham" (Bereishis 24:42), four times in all (Chizkuni)! Riva answers for Eliezer that after the Akeidah, Hashem swore not to test Avraham again. (Refer to 32:8:4:4 to answer for Yakov - PF.)

3

Rashi (28:13, citing Tanchuma): Since there is no guarantee that he will not sin before his death. Indeed, Hashem Himself said "Elokei Yitzchak" (28:13), because Yitzchak, whose eyes were dim and who was confined to the house, was unlikely to sin. (However, Yakov was afraid to do likewise.

3)

Having accused Lavan of cheating him right, left and center, why did Yakov see fit to add that if not for Elokei Avi

1.

Rashbam: What he meant was that he would not have made him a farewell party, as he claimed he would have done. 1


1

See above, Pasuk 27.

4)

What does "va'Yochach Amesh" mean?

1.

Rashi: It means that the night before, Hashem had rebuked him (Lavan).

2.

Ramban: It means that He proved him (Yakov) right. 1


1

The same word that Yakov used earlier (in Pasuk 37) - "and clarify which of us is right."

5)

What are the implications of "es Onyi ve'es Yegi'a Kapai ... "?

1.

Oznayim la'Torah: Ya'kov was telling Lavan that Hashem had seen how a. he suffered at the hand of Lavan and b. how he toiled with integrity 1 - and had rebuked him the previous night.


1

Refer to 31:41:2:1.

6)

What are the implications of "es Onyi ve'es Yegi'a Kapai ... "?

1.

Oznayim la'Torah: Yakov was telling Lavan that Hashem had seen how a. he suffered at the hand of Lavan and b. how he toiled with integrity 1 - and had rebuked reuked him the previous night.


1

Refer to 31:41:2:1.

7)

What are the implications of "es Onyi ve'es Yegi'a Kapai ... "?

1.

Oznayim la'Torah: Yakov was telling Lavan that Hashem had seen how a. he suffered at the hand of Lavan and b. how he toiled with integrity 1 - and had rebuked reuked him the previous night.


1

Refer to 31:41:2:1.

8)

Why did Yakov repeat "Elokei Avi Elokei Avraham"? Below (32:10), he said Elokei Avi Avraham!

1.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (3): Elokei Avi refers to Yitzchak. (Refer to 31:42:151:1.) 1

2.

Ohr ha'Chayim #1: The G-d of my father Avraham is not like other gods, that do not save those who serve them. Rather, he is Elokei Avraham


1

According to this, why did he mention his father twice, and put Avraham in the middle, and switch from Elokei Avi to Pachad Yitzchak in the same sentence? (PF)

2

If so, why did he not say Elokei Avosai? (PF)

3

The same verse mentions Yakov's Midah

QUESTIONS ON RASHI

9)

Rashi writes that Yakov feared to attach Hashem's name to that of Yitzchak. Hashem Himself did so (28:13)! And Yakov himself said "Elokei Avi Elokei Avraham"!

1.

Even though Hashem did so, Yakov was afraid to do likewise. Here, "Avi" does not refer to Yitzchak. Refer to 31:42:152:2,3. (PF)

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