hebrew
1)

What did Rachel mean when she stated that Hashem had judged her...?

1.

Rashi: She meant that Hashem had initially judged her and found her guilty (which is why He withheld children from her), and had now judged her favorably 1 and given her a son (via her maidservant).

2.

Seforno: She acknowledged Hashem's righteousness in withholding from her children, and thanked Him for giving her a son 'a staff to guide her and a shovel to bury her'. 2

3.

Targum Yonasan: He had now judged her mercifully, accepted her Tefilos and given her a son.


1

Rashi (in Divrei Hayamim 2:13): If Le'ah will be proud of her son Betzalel, who will build the Mishkan, he will need to join forces with one of the sons of Dan - See Shemos 38:23; and if Shlomoh, my sister's son will build the Beis-Hamikdash, he will have to join forces with the sons of Dan and Naftali.

2

See Yevamos, 65b).

2)

Why did Rachel and Le'ah refer to the children of Bilhah and Zilpah as sons, and not Avadim?

1.

Seforno: Because they set their slaves Bilhah and Zilpah free when they offered them to Yakov. 1


1

Even so, Bnei Leah called them slaves (refer to 37:2:7:1, from Bereishis Rabah 84:7)! (PF)

3)

רש"י: דנני אלוקים- דנני וחייבני וזכני: למה לא פירש שזה מלשון דין [-עונש] כמו בכל מקום?

1.

גור אריה: לא היה כאן דין אלא זכות בלבד.

Sefer: Perek: Pasuk:
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