What did Rachel mean when she stated that Hashem had judged her...?


Rashi: She meant that Hashem had initially judged her and found her guilty (which is why He withheld children from her), 1 and had now judged her favorably and given her a son (via her maidservant).


Seforno: She acknowledged Hashem's righteousness in withholding from her children, and thanked Him for giving her a son 'a staff (support for her old age) and a shovel to bury her'. 2


Targum Yonasan: He had now judged her mercifully, accepted her Tefilos and given her a son.


Ha'Emek Davar: She understood that she spoke improperly to Yakov ("give to me children").


See Yevamos, 65b.


Why did Rachel and Leah refer to the children of Bilhah and Zilpah as sons, and not Avadim?


Seforno, Targum Yonason (4,9): Because they set their slaves Bilhah and Zilpah free when they offered them to Yakov. 1


Even so, Bnei Leah called them slaves (refer to 37:2:7:1, from Bereishis Rabah 84:7)! (PF)

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