hebrew
1)

What did Le'ah mean when she accused Rachel of 'taking her husband?'

1.

Ramban: Le'ah was accusing Rachel of behaving as if she was the main wife and she (Le'ah), a maidservant.

2.

Seforno: She told Rachel "you should never have agreed to marry Ya'akov and to become my Tzarah (rival-wife)." 1

3.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (2): Yakov separated from Leah after she ceased having children, and was frequent with the maidservants and Rachel.


1

The Torah forbids a man to marry sisters (Vayikra 18:18). Bear in mind that, according to some commentaries, Le'ah was totally unaware that Rachel had been designated to marry Ya'akov, and that her father had reneged on his agreement with Ya'akov. R. C. Fogel, citing R. Yechezkel Levenstein, says that Rachel did not want to Leah to feel indebted to her for giving to her Yakov, so she told her "you are entitled to marry him, for you are older."

2)

What was the gist of her full accusation?

1.

Rashi, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: 'You took my husband, and now you want to take (some of) my flowers!'

2.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (2), Seforno: You stole my husband, and now you want to increase your mutual love with this herb.

3.

Ramban: Assuming that Rachel wanted the herb in order to create a beautiful aroma in the bedroom, she was accusing her of first stealing her husband and of then setting out to seduce him (in order to increase his love). 1


1

See Ramban, who connects "Duda'im" with the Pasuk in Yechezkel (16:8) "Es Dodim" (the time of intimacy).

3)

What was the point of giving Le'ah the right to be with Ya'akov the following night?

1.

Seforno: Since Leah will be the first to be with Yakov with use of the Duda'im, she does not lose through giving them to Rachel, for they are Hefker and Rachel can get her own.

4)

If Rachel erred in giving up a night with her righteous husband, what loss did she ultimately suffer?

1.

Rashi: She lost being buried with him 1 in Me'aras ha'Machpelah. (Since she was his main wife, she should have been buried with him. 2 )


1

Tosfos ha'Shalem (3): This was Midah k'Neged Midah. She disgraced being with him this night, so she will not be buried with him.

2

Moshav Zekenim: Even though Yakov already saw that she will not be buried with him (refer to 29:11:2:10), she could have merited to change her Mazel.

5)

Rachel asked Leah "please give". Why did Leah say "v'Lakachas", i.e. you will steal the Duda'im?

1.

Moshav Zekenim (14) #1: She meant, even if I wanted to give to you, you should not take them.

2.

Moshav Zekenim (14) #2: Rachel asked for them, and seized them. 1

3.

Riva: She meant, do you expect me to give them to you?!


1

What a minor finds, he acquires for his father, mid'Rabanan (Bava Metzi'a 12a). If so, they were Yakov's! Rachel knew that Yakov would want her to have them, for he longed for children from her. Perhaps Leah thought that a minor acquires for his father only things that men desire (PF).

6)

רש"י: ולקחת גם את דודאי בני - בתמיה, ולעשות עוד זאת ליקח גם את דודאי בני ותרגומו ולמיסב: ממה בא רש"י להוציא?

1.

גור אריה: תי"ו של "ולָקַחַת" איננו לשון עתיד נוכח לרחל (מלשון 'ותיקחי את דודאי בני') שהרי לקיחת הדודאים אינה תלויה ברחל, אלא "ולָקַחַת" הוא מקור ופירוש הפסוק 'את רוצה לקחת את הדודאים'._

7)

רש"י: שלי היתה שכיבת לילה זו ואני נותנה לך תחת דודאי בנך. מנין ששלה הייתה שכיבת אותו הלילה?

1.

גור אריה: קשה למה אמרה רחל "לכן", אלא שלי הייתה שכיבת אותו הלילה ובשביל הדודאים אני נותנת לך אותו.

8)

רש"י: ולפי שזלזלה במשכב הצדיק לא זכתה להקבר עמו: מנין שזו הסיבה שלא נקברה עמו?

1.

גור אריה: קשה שהיה לרחל לומר 'לכן תקחי את אישי' כמו שאמרה לה לאה "המעט קחתך את אישי"? אלא בא ללמד שלא זכתה לשכב עמו בקבר בגלל שאמרה "לכן ישכב עמך".

9)

כתוב שהיא נקברה בדרך כדי שיתפללו בניה אצלה בדרכם לגלות?

1.

גור אריה: הקבורה במערת המכפלה היא זכות גדולה, וזכות עצמה קודמת לזכות בניה.

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