hebrew
1)

What did Yakov mean when he said "Ki Mal'u Yamai"?

1.

Rashi #1: He meant that the time period that his mother had in mind 1 had elapsed.

2.

Rashi #2: He was already eighty-four, and if he did not begin raising the twelve tribes now, when would he do so?

3.

Targum Unk'lus, Targum Yonasan, Ramban #1 and Rashbam: He was simply referring to the termination of the seven years that he had stipulated that he would work for Rachel. 2

4.

Ramban #2: This took place towards the end of the seven-year period, and Yakov was asking Lavan to consider as if they had actually terminated, and to allow him to marry Rachel already then. 3 (Refer to 29:21:2:3.)


1

Refer to 29:18:1:1**.

2

Ramban: The two explanations offered by Rashi (refer to 29:21:1:1,2) are not reasons that would have impressed Lavan .

3

See Ramban, who cites a number of examples where we find this concept.

2)

Why did Yakov say "v'Avo'ah Eleha" (I will have Bi'ah with her)?

1.

Rashi: Precisely because he was so keen to begin performing this great Mitzvah, he spoke so bluntly, using words that even the most immodest person would not use. Refer to 29:21:2:5.

2.

Seforno: What he meant was that not only should the betrothal take place now, but also the wedding, in order to have children.

3.

Ramban: I will marry Rachel now, and continue to work until the seven-years are complete. 1

4.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (8): Bnei Noach do not have Kidushin. Marriage is only through Bi'ah. Also, he did not have any money for Kidushin. He could be Mekadesh her only through Bi'ah. 2

5.

Pri Tzadik (Pinchas 4): Yakov reached the level of Adam ha'Rishon before the sin. Adam was not ashamed to be naked, for he had no thoughts of physical pleasure. 3

6.

Ohr ha'Chayim #1: Lavan owed him for his Avodah; a loan does not make Kidushin. The Kidushin will be through Bi'ah.

7.

Ohr ha'Chayim #2: Yakov held like the Ramban, that one can acquire slaves and land via a loan, even if the money is not intact. She is already my wife; give her to me, so I will have Bi'ah with her like any man with his wife, but not to make Kidushin now.

8.

Ha'Emek Davar: Now she is not a minor, nor weak (refer to 29:19:1:5), so I can have Bi'ah with her.


1

This explains Lavan's statement (in Pasuk 27) "Malei Shavu'a Zos ... ", i.e. complete the seven-years that you had almost finished working for Leah (as it turned out).

2

If there were witnesses for Kidushin, he could make a Kidushin document! And some say that the husband's signature suffices! Perhaps he holds that documents do not apply to Bnei Noach. (PF)

3

Seforno says so about intimacy of all the Avos and Imahos (refer to 30:16:2:1).

3)

Why did he call her "Ishti"?

1.

Refer to 29:21:2:7.

2.

Malbim: She is already my wife through designation for me. He is no less than Bnei Noach; once a woman is called on Ploni's name, she is his wife, and people are liable for her (for Eshes Chavero).

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