hebrew
1)

What does the Torah mean when it writes about Yishmael "al-P'nei Kol Echav Nafal"?

1.

Rashi #1, Rashbam and Targum Onkelos: It means that "he dwelt (encamped) in front of all his brothers" 1 .

2.

Targum Yonasan: "He settled in his inheritance in front of all his brothers". 2

3.

Rashi #2: Here it writes that Yishmael fell, whereas earlier (in Pasuk 16) it writes that he dwelt? As long as Avraham lived, he dwelt (safely); once he died, he fell.

4.

Ba'al ha'Turim: It juxtaposes the fall of Yishmael to the generations of Yitzchak - a hint that when Yishmael falls at the end of days, Mashi'ach the son of David, who descends from Yitzchak, will flourish. May it happen soon in our days!

5.

Ha'Emek Davar: Initially, Yishmael was not a strong enough nation to conquer and expel others, just they fell upon (raided) them. Later, they increased, and dwelled in serenity; other nations feared them.


1

With reference to the sons of Keturah (Ibn Ezra).

2

With reference to the sons of Keturah (Ibn Ezra).

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