Why did Eliezer specifically ask for a girl who is a Ba'alas Chesed for Yitzchak?
Rashi: Because the house of Avraham was steeped in Chesed, and she would be the right girl to enter into that household. 1
The commentaries also explain that she would be the ideal partner for Yitzchak, to balance his Midas ha'Din. 2 (EC)
What is the meaning of "Osah Hochachta"?
Rashi, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: It means simply that she will be the one whom You (Hashem) chose for Yitzchak (and no other woman, whom You did not choose, will offer me water - Hadar Zekenim, Ramban and Rashbam).
Seforno #1: She is the one whom You chastised and taught Musar, rendering her fit to marry Yitzchak.
Seforno #2 (on Pasuk 44): She is the one whom Hashem designated (Bashert). 1
As the Gemara says in Sotah (2a) 'Forty days before a baby is formed, a Heavenly Voice announces "the daughter of P'loni is designated for P'loni" '.
What was the intent of "u'Vah Eda"?
Rashi: This was a prayer [that she will be from Avraham's family, and proper for Yitzchak, and I will know that I succeed]. 1
Ramban: If she will be from Avraham's family, and have good sense and a pleasant appearance, I will know that she is the one You designated. 2
Ha'Emek Davar: It was an additional request that if the proper girl is in this area, she will come immediately, and I will not wait longingly for her.
Da'as Zekenim: Ta'anis 4a says that Eliezer asked improperly (perhaps a girl not proper for Yitzchak will do so). According to Rashi, he prayed properly!
Note, according to Rashi, u'Bah Eida" was a Tefilah, whereas according to the Ramban, it is the first part of the Pasuk that was a Tefilah. (EC)
We learn from Devarim 11:15, that one is obligated to feed one's animal before oneself (Gitin, 62a). Why did Eliezer and subsequently Rivkah, reverse the order?
Ohr ha'Chayim (20): Animals come first, unless there is danger or pain to people. She sensed that he is pain, so first she gave to him. When she estimated that he is no long in pain, she gave to the camels.
Chidushei ha'Aderes 156: Here is different, for she was not responsible for the camels.
Why was Eliezer not afraid that the girl he was praying for would turn out to be lame or blind?
Ta'anis, 4a: He slipped up on this point 1 and although he asked incorrectly, Hashem answered his Tefilos positively
Tosfos (4a): He discussed only the girl that he will ask! We must say that perhaps he would not realize her blemish, e.g. she has a wooden leg, or she has nice eyes, but cannot see at all.
Presumably, this was on the merit of Yitzchak, on whose behalf he was praying. We find that Yiftach (who did not have such merit) vowed that if he defeats Amon, he will sacrifice the first matter to leave his house to greet him, and it was his daughter (Shoftim 11:30, 34). He asked incorrectly, and Hashem answered disastrously. (EC)
Why did Eliezer see fit to indulge in this divination? Why did he not simply present himself to Besuel and suggest the Shiduch?
Oznayim la'Torah: Because he figured that the family would never consent to give their daughter to a complete stranger to take away to a foreign country. So he devised plan whereby even they would have to admit that the Shiduch was Divinely inspired. 1
He was merely taking his cue from his master Avraham, who told him that Hashem would send His angel before him; so he relied upon the angel to guide him on his mission, rather than rely on his own efforts. (EC)
Refer to 24:13:151:1-3.
Which is precisely what happened. See Pasuk 50.
Eliezer asked that she will say "drink, and I will also give to your camels to drink." She offered to give to the camels only later!
Mishnas R. Aharon 1 p.138: She did better than he thought, that she will discuss giving to him and his camels in the same utterance, thereby equating them. Also, Tzadikim say little and do much. Also, it is hard for a man to receive so much Chesed (she was afraid to offer so much at once).
Why did Eliezer ask only for a sign of Chesed, but not of Yir'as Shamayim? Perhaps she serves idolatry, like her father and brother!
Refer to 24:3:151:1.
Lev Eliyahu (Bereishis p.69): One who has good Midos is prepared for the highest levels. Corrupt Midos is a bad illness from which few are cured.
How could Eliezer rely on Nichush (omens - Chulin 95b)? Some forbid even for Bnei Noach (Sanhedrin 56b)!
Moshav Zekenim, Riva citing R. Tam and Rashbam: He did not rely on it. He immediately took out the ring and bracelets, but gave them to her only after asking who her father is. "Al Yadeha" means due to her; she caused him to say a Brachah, which is worth 10 gold pieces (Chulin 87a). 1
Rav (Chulin 95b) says that any Nichush unlike that of Eliezer Eved Avraham and Yonason,ben Sha
Radak: Nichush does not apply [building] a house, [birth of] child or [marrying a] wife, but Siman applies (95b). I.e. one may not rely on it like a Nichush, but it is a Siman. If good came after one of these, he may rejoice [due to the Siman]; if bad came, he should worry and pray for mercy. It is a proper Siman if he stipulated from the beginning; if he did not stipulate, it is a proper Siman after three times.
QUESTIONS ON RASHI
Rashi writes that the girl should be from Avraham's family. If so, why did Eliezer omit this from his Tefilah?
Redak,:Mizrachi: Indeed, means that "u'Vah Eda" was a prayer that she will be a proper girl from Avraham's family, and Eliezer will know that he succeeded!