hebrew
1)

Seeing as "Im" always means 'if'', what exactly was Avimelech saying?

1.

Ramban: Bearing in mind that every oath is connected to a curse, what he meant was that Avraham should swear to him that he accepts upon himself Divine retribution


1

Ramban: Following the Torah's standard format

2)

What is the significance of Avimelech's reference to his 'son and his grandson'?

1.

Rashi: He asked that Avraham's kindness should last as long as his son and his grandson 1 lived, because that is as far as a person's mercies tend to extend.


1

See Rashi, Shoftim 1:21

3)

By which G-d did Avimelech ask Avraham to swear?

1.

Targum Onkelos, Targum Yonasan and Minchas Shai: 'Elokim', which is Kodesh, refers to Hashem.

2.

Rosh: Avimelech asked him to swear in the name of idolatry. Avraham however, responded by swearing in the name of the One who will later say "Anochi Hashem Elokecha."

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