hebrew
1)

Why did they run out of water? Surely Avraham would have given them enough to last until they reached the next inn?

1.

Rashi: Because sick people 1 drink more than healthy people. 2

2.

Rashbam: Since she lost her way, it took that much longer to reach her destination.

3.

Targum Yonasan: As soon as she entered the desert, she began worshipping idols, and Hashem made Yishmael feverish, causing him to finish all the water - though his fever only got worse.


1

Da'as Zekenim: It says that before Yakov, there was not weakness (Bava Metzi'a 87a)! That refers to natural weakness. Yishmael was sick because Sarah put an evil eye on him.

2

Refer to 21:14:2:1.

2)

רש"י: ויכלו המים- לפי שדרך חולים לשתות הרבה: מנין שמשום כך כלו המים?

1.

גור אריה (לעיל, פסוק יד): פשוט שאברהם נתן לה די מים כדי להגיע ליישוב, ומשום שרש"י פירש שהיא לא טעתה בדרך (אלא חזרה לגילולי בית אביה), צריך לומר שהמים כלו כי ישמעאל שתה הרבה עקב מחלתו, ואברהם סבר שהוא לא חולה אלא מצטער בצער הפרידה.

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