hebrew
1)

What did the angels see to hurry Lot because dawn had broken? What is the significance of 'dawn-break' here?

1.

Seforno: The punishment had to take place with sunrise, because they worshipped the sun. 1

2.

Rashbam: The Pasuk mentions dawn-break to demonstrate how patient the angels were with Lot, who arrived in Tzo'ar only with sunrise. They waited for him 2 due to their love of Avraham Avinu.


1

As the Gemara says in B'rachos (7a) ' ... when the sun rises and all the kings of the east and the west remove their crowns from their heads and prostrate themselves before the sun', thereby asrousing G-d's anger.

2

It is not clear however, how the Rashbam then translates "Vaya'itzu", which all the other commentaries translate as 'and they hurried'.

2)

Hashem destroyed them "u'Chemo ha'Shachar Alah" - when is this?

1.

Rashi (verse 24): It is day-break, when both the sun and the moon are in the sky simultaneously. 1 Because some of the people worshipped the sun and, some, the moon, had it been at another time, some could have claimed that had their god been in the sky, he would not have allowed Sedom to be destroyed.

2.

Moshav Zekenim: It is not dawn. If so, it would have said "uch'Alos ha'Shachar"! Rather, it was a bit of light, like dawn.


1

Riva: Since it was past [the first day of] Pesach, the moon had started to wane, so it was visible at sunrise.

3)

Hashem destroyed them "u'Chemo ha'Shachar Alah" - when is this?

1.

Rashi (verse 24): It is day-break, when both the sun and the moon are in the sky simultaneously. 1 Because some of the people worshipped the sun and, some, the moon, had it been at another time, some could have claimed that had their god been in the sky, he would not have allowed Sedom to be destroyed.

2.

Moshav Zekenim: It is not dawn. If so, it would have said "uch'Alos ha'Shachar"! Rather, it was a bit of light, like dawn.


1

Riva: Since it was past [the first day of] Pesach, the moon had started to wane, so it was visible at sunrise.

4)

בנתיך הנמצאות: למה הן קרויות "הנמצאות"?

1.

מהר"ל (חידושי אגדות ח"א עמ' קמג, ד"ה כתיב, יבמות דף עז.): בגמ' כתוב שזה רומז למלכות בית דוד, והכוונה שמלשון "הנמצאות" משמע שיש מי שמחפש אחריהן, כי הקב"ה היה מחפש להוציא את מלכות בית דוד אל הפועל, ועד מעשה זה לא נמצאה התחלה [ושורש] למלכות בית דוד, ו'מציאה' משמעו דבר שלא היה ויצא עתה אל הפועל, ומלכות בית דוד היא המשלימה את העולם ומוציאתו אל הפועל. 1


1

ע"ע במהר"ל (נצח ישראל פרק לב, עמ' קמט, ד"ה ובפרק הבא) שפירש גמרא זו שהמשיח הוא הוויה חדשה [ולא המשך של ההוויה הקודמת] ולכן הוא צריך לבא דוקא ע"י נטיעה חדשה, ודוקא בנות לוט ראויות לכך כי עמון ומואב האסורים לבא בקהל הם העמים הרחוקים ביותר מעם ישראל. [ועיי"ש עוד למה בא המשיח דוקא מלוט שהיה ממשפחת אברהם, ולמה דוקא מאב שבא על בנותיו.]

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