hebrew
1)

What is the significance of the birds of prey that descended upon the pieces and of Avraham chasing them away?

1.

Rashi: This hinted at David, who would attempt to destroy the nations, 1 but whom Hashem would stop, as this will only become achievable with the advent of Mashi'ach.

2.

Targum Yonasan: On the contrary, it hinted at the nations of the world, who would come to plunder the property of Avraham's descendants, but who would not succeed, due to the merits of Avraham.

3.

Ramban: In similar vein, it hints at the nations of the world, who would try to block the Korbanos, but whom Avraham's descendants would chase away.


1

Refer to 15:10:2:1.

2)

וישב אתם אברם: מכאן למדו דין מעמדות בקרבן (שבעל הקרבן צריך לעמוד על קרבנו), וצריך להבין מה טעם הדבר?

1.

מהר"ל (גבורות ה' פ"ח עמ' מז, ד"ה וירד העיט): המעמד מורה שזה רק לקב"ה ואין לאחרים חלק בעבודה.

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