hebrew
1)

What is the significance of the birds of prey that descended upon the pieces, and of Avraham chasing them away?

1.

Rashi: This hinted at David ha'Melech, who would attempt to destroy the nations, 1 but whom Hashem would stop, as this will only become achievable with the advent of Mashi'ach.

2.

Ramban: It hints at the nations of the world, who would try to block the Korbanos, but whom Avraham's descendants would chase away.

3.

Targum Yonasan: It hints at the nations of the world, who would come to plunder the property of Avraham's descendants, but who would not succeed, due to the merits of Avraham.


1

Refer to 15:10:2:1.

2)

"Birds of prey descended on the carcasses, and Avraham drove them back." From here we learn that one who offers a Korban must stand by as it is offered (Ma'amados). What does this act show?

1.

Maharal (Gevuros Hashem Ch. 8, p. 47): Ma'amados show that the Avodah is solely for Hashem, and no others have a portion in it.

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