hebrew
1)

What, exactly, was the "Ein Mishpat (the Spring of Justice)"?

1.

Targum Onkelus: It is a location where the judges of that country would convene to dispense justice. 1

2.

Rashi and Targum Yonasan: It is the very location at which Moshe and Aharon were destined to be punished, many years later (which then became known as "Mei Merivah"). 2


1

See also Ramban, refer to 14:7:1.2:2.

2

In the same vein, Rashi points out that the Pasuk refers here to one of the areas that the four kings defeated as "the Field of Amalek," even though Amalek was not even born yet. See Ramban.

2)

What is Chatz'tzon Tamar better known as?

1.

Rashi (in Divrei Hayamim 2, 20:2) and Targum Yonasan: Its more common name is Ein Gedi.

QUESTIONS ON RASHI

3)

Rashi writes: "Ein Mishpat, which is Kadesh - so called because Moshe and Aharon would later be judged there; this is Mei Merivah." Ramban asks

1.

Gur Aryeh: Midbar Kadesh is the general name for as vast area of desert, which included both Midbar Paran and Midbar Tzin, as well as a specific place called Kadesh-Barnea. 1


1

Gur Aryeh: The thirty-eight years wandering in the desert were spent half within Midbar Kadesh, and half wandering in its vicinity and then returning to Kadesh (Rashi to Devarim 1:46, based on Seder Olam). Therefore, they were still there in the 40th year. See also Tosfos to Shabbos 89a DH Midbar.

4)

Rashi writes: "But Onkelus interprets 'Ein Mishpat' literally

1.

Gur Aryeh #1: "Pilug Dina" means "the splitting of judgment" between the exonerated and guilty parties. We interpret "Ein Mishpat" as, "l'Ayein b'Mishpat," "to look [thoroughly] into judgment."

2.

Gur Aryeh #2 (citing Ramban): "Pilug Dina" means "the depth of judgment," as in, "getting to the depths of the matter." "Ein Mishpat" is an analogy to a spring that emerges from the deep.

5)

Rashi writes: "The fields of the Amalekim - Amalek had not yet been born; the Torah calls the location by its future name." Ramban asks

1.

Gur Aryeh: The Torah is not expressed as the words of Moshe, e.g. "these are the words of Moshe ben Amram," but rather the events are narrated by the Torah as they occurred at the time. 1


1

Also refer to 2:14:1:1.

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