Why did Hashem send a famine specifically in the area where Avraham was living, after having instructed him to go to Eretz Kena'an?


Rashi: This was to test him, to see whether he would question Him for leading him there and then immediately forcing him to leave, a test that he passed with flying colors. 1


Ramban: Hashem was indeed testing him - whether he would have faith in Him and trust that He would provide for him in Eretz Kena'an. And he failed. 2


Bava Kama 60b and Yalkut Shimoni learn from Avraham that when there is hunger, one should travel. I.e. he acted properly.


This is why Hashem decreed on his children to go down to Egypt and to become slaves there.


What did this episode signify, in terms of 'What happened to the fathers is an indication of what will happen to the children'?


Ramban: Avraham went down to Egypt to sojourn there 1 due to the famine. When the Egyptians harassed him due to his wife, Hashem punished them with plagues and took them out with a lot of wealth. Moreover, Pharaoh sent men to accompany him when he left - an exact precursor of what would happen with regard to the slavery in Egypt and the redemption.


But not to live there permanently (Seforno).


רש"י: באותה ארץ לבדה: מנין שרק באותה ארץ היה רעב?


גור אריה: אם לא כן, קשה ש"בארץ" מיותר.


כיצד יצא אברהם מהארץ, והרי ה' ציווה לו להיות בארץ?


גור אריה (לקמ' כו,ב): אברהם רצה לצאת מפני ש'רעב בעיר- פזר רגליך', ומותר לו לצאת אם ה' לא מצווה אותו שלא לצאת.


למה חשש אברהם מהרעב והרי הקב"ה ברכו?


גור אריה (לקמ' כו,ב): אברהם יצא רק כשהיה לו צורך מחמת הרעב, [והברכה לא נאמרה על שעת רעב].

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