[12a - 53 lines; 12b - 24 lines]
1)[line 7]אי דידע דגמירIY D'YADA D'GAMIR- if he is known to be learned [in the laws of Shechitah]
2)[line 18]האי אתרמויי איתרמי ליהHAI ISRAMUYEI ISRAMI LEI- it (the cutting of the first Siman properly) happened by chance
3)[line 22]צא ותרוםTZEI U'TEROM - go out and separate Terumah (TERUMAH: SHALI'ACH)
(a)After a crop is harvested and brought to the owner's house or yard, he must separate Terumah Gedolah from the crop and give it to a Kohen. Although the Torah does not specify the amount to be given, the Rabanan set the requirement at one fiftieth of the total crop. More generous landowners separate one fortieth while the less generous separate one sixtieth.
(b)The Gemara (Kidushin 41b) derives from the verse (Bamidbar 18:28) that a landowner may appoint a Shali'ach to separate Terumah on his behalf. The verse says, "Ken Tarimu Gam Atem..." - "Thus you also shall offer an offering to Hash-m of all your tithes." The words, "Gam Atem" ("you also"), teach that an agent may separate Terumah, as long as he is like "you," meaning that he does so with the knowledge and consent of the owner.
4)[line 22]והלך ומצא תרוםV'HALACH U'MATZA TARUM- and he (the Shali'ach) went and found that Terumah had already been separated
5)[line 24]אי חזקה שליח עושה שליחותוIY CHAZAKAH SHALI'ACH OSEH SHELICHUSO- if there is a Chazakah (an assumption that is legally reliable) that a Shali'ach carries out the mission for which he was appointed
6)[line 26]לכי תיכול עלה כורא דמלחאL'CHI TEICHUL ALAH KORA D'MILCHA- (a) when you will measure out for me (i.e. pay me) a Kor of salt I will explain it to you (RASHI); (b) even if you consume a Kor of salt, you will not be able to equate the cases (RASHI Shabbos 4a)
7)[line 32]התורם שלא מדעת אין תרומתו תרומהHA'TOREM SHE'LO MI'DA'AS EIN TERUMASO TERUMAH- one who separates Terumah from the fruits of someone else's field without the knowledge of the owner, his [act of separating] Terumah is not valid (see above, entry #3:b)
8)[line 38]אשפהASHPAH- a garbage heap
9)[line 10]מאן תנא דלא בעינן כוונה לשחיטהMAN TANA D'LO BA'INAN KAVANAH LI'SHECHITAH- who is the Tana that does not require specific intent for Shechitah
10)[line 12]דתני אושעיא זעירא דמן חבריאD'TANI OSHAYA ZE'EIRA MIN CHEVRAYA- (a) for Oshaya Ze'eira, of the members of the Yeshiva, taught (RASHI here, and RASHI 31b, second explanation); (b) for Oshaya, the youngest ("Ze'eira") of the members of the Yeshiva, taught (RASH 31b, first explanation); (c) for Oshaya Ze'eira, of the city of Chevraya, taught (TOSFOS)
11)[line 13]לנועצה בכותלL'NO'ATZAH B'CHOSEL- to imbed it in the wall
12)[line 16]מוליך ומביאMOLICH U'MEVI- [Shechitah must be performed with two strokes of the knife], moving the knife forward and bringing it back
13)[line 18]קטן יש לו מחשבה או אין לו מחשבהKATAN YESH LO MACHSHAVAH O EIN LO MACHSHAVAH- does a minor have the intellectual capacity to have in mind specific intent or not?
14)[line 19]ותיבעי ליה מעשה?V'SIBA'I LEI MA'ASEH?- and why does he not ask about [whether a Katan's] action [is effective]?
15a)[line 22]אלוןALON- (O.F. glant) an acorn
b)[line 22]רמוןRIMON- pomegranate
c)[line 22]אגוזEGOZ- nut
16)[line 22]חקקום תינוקותCHAKAKUM TINOKOS- that young children carved out (and made into utensils)
17)[last line]למוד בהן עפרLAMUD BEHEN AFAR- to measure dirt with them (as child's play)
18)[last line]התקינום לכף מאזניםHISKINUM L'CHAF MOZNAYIM- they attached them to serve as the scale-pan of a balance scale
19)[last line]טמאיןTEME'IN - they are [fit to become] Tamei (TUM'AS KELI: KATAN)
A utensil is considered "ready" to receive Tum'ah only after it is completely finished. If the artisan only decided that the utensil needs no more work, it is considered complete and may become Tamei. The Mishnah in Kelim (17:15) teaches that a Katan can cause a utensil to become ready to receive Tum'ah by doing an act to the object that clearly shows that it is completely finished.