prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) The Mishnah now issues a three-part K'lal Gadol with regard to using Sh'mitah produce as a Melugma. What is 'Melugma'?
(b) What is Melugma the acronym of?
(c) When does the Tana ...
1. ... completely forbid it?
2. ... permit using it for humans but not for animals?
(d) How does the Tana extrapolate ...
1. ... the first ruling from the Pasuk "ve'Haysah Shabbas ha'Aretz Lachem le'Ochlah"?
2. ... the second ruling from the Pasuk "ve'li'Vehemt'cha ve'la'Chayah Asher be'Artz'cha Tih'yeh Chol Tevu'asah Le'echol"?
(a) What does the Tana rule in a case where one plants something (which is edible but which is confined neither for human consumption nor for animals) having in mind to use it as both?
(b) If the Chumra of human food is that it may not be used as a cure, what is the additional Chumra of animal food?
(a) And what does the Tana say in a case where one planted the above for the wood?
(b) In what connection does he list the three plants Si'ah (saturcia), Eizov (hyssop) and Kurnis (thyme or savory plant)?
(a) What three things is one permitted to do with Sh'mitah produce?
(b) To which two fruits is the Mishnah referring?
(c) What does the Tana come to preclude when he continues ... 'to eat what is normally eaten'?
(d) What is one permitted to do with oil but not with wine or vinegar (that is made from wine)?
(a) In which other two areas of Halachah are these three things permitted?
(b) In which respect is Shevi'is oil more lenient than ...
1. ... Terumah?
2. ... Ma'aser Sheini?
(a) Two of the three ways by which the Mishnah forbids the sale of Sh'mitah produce is by measure and by weight. What is the third?
(b) This may be in order to induce selling it cheaply. What other reason might there be for these restrictions?
(c) Having taught us the above principle, why does the Tana see fit to prohibit the sale of ...
1. ... figs by number (see Tos. Yom-Tov)?
2. ... vegetables by weight?
(a) Why do Beis Shamai add selling vegetables in bundles (see Tos. Yom-Tov) to the list of prohibitions?
(b) What do Beis Hillel say with regard to vegetables such as leek and Netz Chalav?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about someone who gives a worker an Isar in the Sh'mitah and asks him to pick him ...
1. ... a vegetable?
2. ... a vegetable 'for it'?
(b) Why the difference?
(a) What does the Tana say about someone who purchases a loaf of bread from the baker in the Sh'mitah and arranges to pay him with vegetables that he intends to pick from the field?
(b) In which case does he forbid it?
(c) Why is that?
(a) Following on from the previous Mishnah, the Tana forbids paying a Bayar, a Balan a Sapar or a Sapan for their services with Sh'mitah produce (or money). What is ...
1. ... a 'Bayar'?
2. ... a 'Balan'?
3. ... a 'Sapar'?
4. ... a 'Sapan'?
(b) Why does the Mishnah then permit one to give a Bayar money for a drink of water (see Tos. Yom-Tov)?
(c) What else does he permit doing?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about picking figs in the Sh'mitah? How should one not do this?
(b) What does one then do?
(c) And what change must one make when pressing grapes?
(d) From where do we learn these Halachos?
(a) Similarly, the Tana Kama prohibits pressing olives in the olive-press (Beis ha'Bad) and using a Kotev. What is a 'Kotev'?
(b) Where should one then press them?
(c) In what point is R. Shimon more lenient than the Tana Kama?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) Why does the Tana Kama forbid cooking Sh'mitah vegetables in Terumah oil?
(b) What does R. Shimon say about this?
(c) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) The Tana now discusses the transfer of Kedushas Shevi'is from one commodity on to another. What will be the Din if one purchases meat with Sh'mitah produce?
(b) What happens if one then barters ...
1. ... the meat for fish?
2. ... the fish for oil?
(c) If, in this connection, we learn from the Pasuk "Ki Yovel Hi, Kodesh ... " that Sh'mitah (and Yovel [see Tos. Yom-Tov]) produce transfers its Kedushah on to whichever commodity one barters it for, what does the following word "Tih'yeh" come to teach us?
(a) Which other item, besides Avadim Cana'anim and land, is one forbidden to purchase with money of Shevi'is?
(b) The Tana also forbids purchasing with it Kinei Zavim and Kinei Zavos. What else does he include in the list?
(c) What do the items on the list comprise?
(a) What does the Mishnah prohibit using Sh'mitah-oil for?
(b) What must one do in the event that one contravened any of the current three prohibitions?
(c) What is the reason for the prohibition against ...
1. ... purchasing Avadim Cana'anim, land and Beheimah Teme'ah (see Meleches Shlomoh) with money of Shevi'is?
2. ... purchasing Kinei Zavim, Zavos & Yoldos (see Tos. Yom-Tov)?
3. ... anointing oneself with Sh'mitah-oil (Ibid.)?
(a) According to R. Eliezer, a skin with which one anointed Sh'mitah-oil must be burned. What do the Chachamim say?
(b) What did R. Akiva comment when they quoted him the previous statement in the name of R. Eliezer?
(c) Why did he say that?
(a) He made the same comment when they told him what R. Eliezer had said about someone who eats bread baked by the Kutim (see Tiferes Yisrael & Tos. Yom-Tov). What was it that they told R. Akiva?
(b) Why, in any event, can R. Eliezer not have meant what he was quoted as saying literally?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about a bathhouse that has been heated with straw or stubble of Shevi'is?
(b) On what condition should one desist from doing so?
***** Hadran Alach 'K'lal Gadol' (Basra) *****