prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) What sort of stone does the Mishnah say was one initially permitted to collect from one's field?
(b) What does the Tana then mean when he writes that collecting was permitted in one's field like one collected in one's friend's field 'es ha'Gas ha'Gas'?
(c) Why did the Chachamim ultimately forbid it?
(a) On what condition did they then permit Reuven and Shimon to collect stones in each other's fields?
(b) About what does the Mishnah write that it is 'obviously forbidden'?
(a) What distinction does the Mishnah draw between a field whose thorns were removed in the Sh'mitah and one that was well plowed?
(b) What does well plowed mean?
(c) What is the basis of the stringency in the latter ruling?
(a) On what grounds do they permit planting in a field that was plowed once?
(b) Into which category does the Tana place a field in which the animals were allowed to graze and from which the dung was not cleared ('Sohar', which we discussed in the previous Perek)?
(a) What do Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel respectively say about eating the fruit of the field that was plowed in the Sh'mitah (on the condition that we just discussed)?
(b) What do Beis Shamai mean when they say that one may not eat the fruit of Shevi'is 'be'Tovah'?
(c) What do Beis Hillel say?
(d) Why do they find it necessary to add 've'she'Lo be'Tovah' (see Tiferes Yisrael)?
(a) What does R. Yehudah comment on the Machlokes between Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel?
(b) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) The Mishnah permits a Yisrael to be 'Choker Nirin' from a Nochri in the Sh'mitah. What does this mean?
(b) Why might we have thought that it should be forbidden?
(c) What if the owner is a Yisrael?
(a) The Tana now draws a distinction between supporting (in the Sh'mitah) a Nochri on the one hand, and a Yisrael on the other. What does he mean by 'supporting'?
(b) What distinction does he draw between them?
(c) He also permits greeting a Nochri (not specifically in the Sh'mitah). Why might we have thought that this is forbidden?
(a) The Mishnah now discusses 'ha'Meidel ba'Zeisim'. What does this mean?
(b) What, besides 'to remove', might be the root of the word 'Meidal'?
(c) Beis Hillel permit the owner to remove the chosen trees together with the roots. Beis Shamai say 'Gomem'. What does 'Yagom' mean?
(d) Why is that?
(e) In which case will even Beis ...
1. ... Hillel agree that only 'she'Yagom' is permitted?
2. ... Shamai hold 'Yesharesh'?
(a) Why does the Mishnah not allow someone who cuts off branches for firewood (see Tiferes Yisrael) to cover the location of the cut with earth?
(b) Then why does the Tana allow covering it with stones or straw?
(a) What does the Tana say about cutting beams from a Shikmah (a species of fig-tree) in the Sh'mitah?
(b) On what condition does the Tana Kama forbid cutting beams from a Shikmah outright?
(c) Why is that?
(d) On which one of two conditions does R. Yehudah permit it? Why is that?
(e) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) The Mishnah discusses cutting the ends of the vines or shortening the bamboos in the Sh'mitah. Why does one do that?
(b) How far from the ground one must cut for this to be permitted, according to R. Yossi ha'Gelili?
(c) What does R. Akiva say?
(d) What does the latter say about using an ax, a scythe or a saw?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about a tree that has split in the Sh'mitah?
(b) To what extent is it permitted?
(a) On what basis may one not eat fruit that grows in the Sh'mitah before it is ready to eat?
(b) What distinction does the Mishnah draw between figs that have turned red and figs that have grown to a large size? What are they called?
(c) How does the Yerushalmi learn this from the Pesukim in Behar "Tih'yeh kol Tevu'asah Le'echol" & "min ha'Sadeh Tochlu es Tevua'asah"?
(d) What does the Tana say in this connection with regard to Ma'asros (see Tos. Yom-Tov)?
(a) What is'Boser' (in grapes)?
(b) What distinction does the Mishnah now draw between 'Boser' and grapes that have begun to ripen? How does one know that they have?
(c) What does the Tana say in this connection with regard to Ma'asros?
(a) With regard to olives, what does the Tana permit one to do in the Sh'mitah once they produce ...
1. ... a Revi'is (of a Log) per Sa'ah regarding Sh'mitah?
2. ... half a Log per Sa'ah (after pounding them)?
(b) At which stage is one permitted to pound them (see Tos. Yom-Tov) and take them home?
(c) What might 'a third' mean, besides having grown to a third of their size?
(d) What principle does the Tana give to determine when other fruits are permitted to take home and eat in the Sh'mitah?
(a) At which stage do Beis Shamai prohibit cutting down a fruit-tree in the Sh'mitah?
(b) Some attribute this to the D'rashah "le'Ochlah", 've'Lo le'Hefsed' (that we cited earlier). What do others say?
(c) According to Beis Hillel, the prohibition of cutting down a tree in the Sh'mitah depends on the stage of the fruit that is growing on it: 'he'Charuvin mi'she'Yeshalsheilu, ve'ha'Gefanim mi'she'Yegareihu, ve'ha'Zeisim mi'she'Yaneitzu'. What is the meaning of ...
1. ... 'he'Charuvin mi'she'Yeshalsheilu'?
2. ... 'ha'Gefanim mi'she'Yegareihu' (besides the possible explanation that the pits have already grown)?
3. ... 'ha'Zeisim mi'she'Yaneitzu'?
(d) How about other trees?
(a) What Heter is there to cut down a fruit-tree in general?
(b) At which stage does the Mishnah permit cutting it down (not in the Sh'mitah)?
(c) Why is that?
(a) From which Pasuk in Ki Seitzei do we learn the prohibition of cutting down fruit-trees?
(a) According to the Tana Kama, at which stage is one no longer permitted to cut down an olive-tree that year?
(b) What is the equivalent stage regarding a date-palm?
(c) Why the difference?
(d) What does Raban Shimon ban Gamliel say about an olive-tree?
Hadran Alach 'ba'Rishonah'