prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) In its first K'lal, the Mishnah lists three specifications required by crops, in order to be Chayav Ma'asros. The first two are that they are food and that they keep. What is the third?
(b) What is the Tana coming to preclude when he says ...
1. ... food?
2. ... that they are stored away?
3. ... that it grows from the ground?
(c) All of these, he learns from the same Pasuk in Re'eh "Aser Te'aser ... ". What does he learn from ...
1. ... "es Kol Tevu'as ... ".
2. ... " ... Zar'echa" (besides "Zar'echa", 'ha'Meyuchad Lach, P'rat le'Hefker')?
(a) In his second K'lal, the Tana speaks about something that is initially a food, and a food at the end. What is he referring to?
(b) What does he say about ...
1. ... it?
2. ... about something which only becomes a food later? What is he referring to?
(c) How does he learn the latter ruling from the Pasuk in Bechukosai (in connection with Ma'aser Sheni) "mi'Zera ha'Aretz mi'P'ri ha'Etz"?
(a) The Tana defines the ripeness of figs (that determines when they attain the status of 'food' regarding Ma'asros [see Tos. R. Akiva Eiger]) as 'mi'she'Yavchilu'. What does this mean?
(b) And how does he define the ripeness of ...
1. ... grapes and Be'ushim (poor- quality grapes)?
2. ... cherries and berries?
(c) What other species of does he place in this category?
(a) The Tana defines the ripeness of pomegranates as from the time they become soft. What does he say about ...
1. ... dates?
2. ... peaches?
3. ... nuts?
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah hold with regard to nuts and almonds? When are they called fruit according to him?
(c) Is the Halachah like Rebbi Yehudah?
(a) What does the Tana consider a P'ri with regard to ...
1. ... carobs? What else does he include in this category?
2. ... pears, crustamenian pears, quinces (see Tiferes Yisrael) and crab (or sorb)-apples?
(b) What other species of fruit does he place in the same category as the latter?
(c) He defines fenugreek as a fruit when it fully-grown. What does this mean? How can one put this to the test?
(d) And what does the Tana say about produce and olives?
(a) What Shi'ur P'ri does the Mishnah give for cucumbers, pumpkins, watermelons and pickled cucumbers?
(b) The above four fall under the category of 'vegetables'. Which two fruits share the same Shi'ur?
(c) What does Rebbi Shimon say about small Esrogim?
(a) When does one normally eat ...
1. ... bitter almonds?
2. ... sweet almonds?
(b) How does this affect their status as 'fruit'? When is each one subject to Ma'asros?
(a) The Mishnah now discusses the Shi'ur 'Goren' of various vegetables and fruit. What is the difference between the two Shi'urim ('fruit' and 'Goren' [see Tos. Yom-Tov])?
(b) The Shi'ur Goren the Tana gives for cucumbers and pumpkin is when the hair that grows on them when they are small (Tos. Yom-Tov [see also Tiferes Yisrael]) falls off (see Tiferes Yisrael). What Shi'ur does he give for cucumbers and pumpkin whose hair the owner does not intend to remove?
(c) What equivalent Shi'ur does he give for watermelons with which the owner does ...
1. ... do Shiluk? What is 'Shiluk'?
2. ... not do Shiluk?
(a) What Shi'ur does the Tana give for vegetables that are normally tied in bundles, assuming that he ...
1. ... does indeed tie them?
2. ... decides to fill up a vessel with them instead?
3. ... decides to fill up a number of vessels?
(b) At which stage are vegetables that one places inside a large basket considered eligible for Ma'asros ...
1. ... assuming that one covers them with Lulav branches or leaves?
2. ... if one does not (see Tos. Yom-Tov)?
(a) All of the above refers to vegetables that one intends to take to the market to sell. What does the Mishnah say about vegetables that he is taking home to eat?
(b) Why the difference?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in ki-Savo "Bi'arti ha'Kodesh min ha'Bayis"?
(a) Pomegranate-grains, raisins and carobs all have the same Shi'ur Peiros. What is it?
(b) The Shi'ur of onions is from when they are peeled. What is the Shi'ur of ...
1. ... produce?
2. ... of unpeeled onions and produce that one does not intend to flatten?
(c) And what Shi'ur does the Mishnah give for legumes ...
1. ... that have been sifted?
2. ... that have not been sifted?
(d) What does the Mishnah finally say about sifted legumes, regarding eating the broken grains that have not threshed, from the sides of the pile that have not been flattened and from what is inside the 'straw' that has not been winnowed and that still contains stubble)?
(a) What Shi'ur does the Mishnah give for wine that is floating in the wine-press together with the pits and skins of the grapes?
(b) What does the Tana say about wine that is in the upper vat and that is in the pipe that leads to the wine-press?
(c) And what does he say about the oil in the oil-press ...
1. ... that has already dripped into the trough?
2. ... that is still dripping from the 'Memel' (the heavy stone which presses the olives in the Ekel [Tiferes Yisrael]) and from between the 'Pitzim' (the planks which also squeeze out the oil from the olives)?
(d) The Tana includes the oil that is still dripping from the Ekel. What is the 'Ekel' (often referred to as the 'Ekel Beis-ha'Bad')? (the rope-vessel in which the olives are placed for pressing)?
(a) On what grounds does the Mishnah forbid adding the oil (that it just permitted) into a pot or a pan that is cooking or frying on the stove?
(b) Then why does he permit the oil to be used in a 'Chamitah' and into a dish that is in a 'Tamchuy'?
(c) Rebbi Yehudah is more lenient. Under which circumstances does he ...
1. ... permit even adding oil to a K'li Rishon (in which the food has been cooked)?
2. ... concede that this is forbidden?
(a) What is the Shi'ur Ma'asros of a ring of figs (Igul Deveilah).
(b) On what grounds does the Tana Kama permit using even the juice that emerges from figs and grapes of Tevel for this purpose?
(c) What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(a) According to the Tana Kama, a ring of figs that has been rubbed with the juice of grapes is not Muchshar Lekabel Tum'ah. Why is that?
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(c) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) What might one do with the figs after they have been dried?
(b) What does the Mishnah say about dried figs after either of these two procedures have been carried out?
(c) If the barrel breaks in the middle, the Tana Kama forbids eating them even casually. What does Rebbi Yossi say?
(d) What is the basis of their Machlokes?
(e) Like whom is the Halachah?