prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) Up to which point does the Mishnah permit eating from a dough made of ...
1. ... wheat-flour?
2. ... barley-flour? Why the difference?
(b) What punishment does somebody who eats it after that time receive?
(a) At which point should a woman who is kneading a dough declare Chalah, assuming that the text reads ...
1. ... 'u'Vil'vad she'Yehei Sham Chameishes Reva'ei Kemach'?
2. ... 'u'Vil'vad she'Lo 'Yehei Sham Chameishes Reva'ei Kemach'?
(b) It is advisable, however, to do like the Yerushalmi. What does the Yerushalmi say about someone who declares the dough Chalah, specifically incorporating the dough that has not yet been kneaded?
(c) What should a man teach his family to do in any event?
(d) Why did the Rabbanan institute this Takanah?
(a) At which stage ...
1. ... does a Terumah dough that falls into less than a hundred of Chulin become (Medumah and) Asur.
2. ... do we forbid a dough which becomes Safek Tamei, to be baked be'Tum'ah?
(b) Why is that?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about a woman who declares her dough Hekdesh ...
1. ... and subsequently redeems it?
2. ... before it is completed and subsequently redeems it?
(b) In which case does the Tana exempt her?
(c) From where do we learn that a dough that is kneaded in the Reshus of Hekdesh is Patur from Chalah?
(a) What does the Mishnah likewise say about someone who declares his fruit Hekdesh and subsequently redeems it? In which case will he be Patur from Ma'asros?
(b) From where do we learn that fruit that reaches the stage of Ma'asros in the Reshus of Hekdesh is Patur from Ma'asros?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about a Nochri who gives a Yisrael flour to knead him a dough? Is the dough subject to Chalah?
(b) What would be the Din in the reverse case (where the Yisrael gave the Nochri flour to knead him a dough (see Tiferes Yisrael)?
(c) And what does the Tana say in a case where the Nochri gives the Yisrael a dough as a gift? Under which circumstances is the dough subject to Chalah and under which circumstances is he Patur?
(d) If a Yisrael and a Nochri are kneading a joint dough, under which circumstances is the Yisrael Chayav to separate Chalah?
(a) Under which circumstances is a Ger who possesses a dough Chayav Chalah, and under which circumstances is he Patur?
(b) What will the Din be in a case of Safek?
(c) Why does the Tana differentiate between the Keren (which we just explained) and the Chomesh (from which he exempts him completely)?
(d) R. Akiva disagrees with the Tana Kama in this case (and possibly with all the previous Mishnahs [see Tos. Yom-Tov). What, according to him, is the Gemar Melachah for Chalah?
(a) What does the Tana say about a dough that is made from a combination of wheat and rice? When is it subject to Chalah, and when is it not?
(b) Will this Din apply even if the wheat on its own does contain a Shi'ur Chalah?
(c) Which other area of Halachah is affected by this criterion?
(a) The Mishnah now discusses someone who takes the yeast from a dough whose Chalah has not yet been taken (see Tiferes Yisrael), and places it in a dough where it has (ibid.). What must he now do to rectify the yeast ...
1. ... assuming he has extra flour?
2. ... if he has run out of flour?
(b) What is the reason for the latter ruling?
(a) 'Zeisei Meisik' refers to olives picked by a Yisrael. What are 'Zeisei Nokef'?
(b) What is the Halachic difference between the two?
(c) What is the Halachic difference between 'Invei Batzir' (with reference to grapes from regular bunches) and 'Invei Olelos' (grapes from incomplete clusters)?
(d) What should the owner do if he finds himself with a mixture of Zeisei Meisik and Zeisei Nokef (or Invei Batzir and Invei Olelos), assuming that ...
1. ... he has other Tevel olives or grapes?
2. ... he has none left?
(a) What is the basis of the Tana's distinction between Terumah and Terumas Ma'aser and the other Matanos?
(b) What is the significance of the two Ma'aser Rishons?
(a) When is the owner Chayav Chalah if he takes yeast from a dough made of wheat-flour and kneads it with a dough made of rice, and when is he Patur?
(b) How does the Mishnah reconcile this with the principle (that governed the previous Mishnahs) 'ha'Tevel Oser Kol Shehu'?
(c) What is the reason for this distinction? What is the basis of 'Tevel Oser Kol Shehu'?