ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) The Memuneh (See Tos. Yom-Tov) would then instruct the Kohanim to go and see whether the time of Shechitah - (i.e. daybreak) had arrived.
(b) According to the Tana Kama, if it had, whoever saw it would declare - 'Barkai' - meaning that 'the morning has lit up'.
(c) According to Matisyah ben Shmuel (See Tos. Yom-Tov), he would say - the entire eastern horizon has lit up.
(a) The people standing there would then add 'as far as Chevron?' To which he would reply 'Yes!'
(b) They did that that - in order to mention the merits of the Avos.
(c) The Halachah is - like Matisyah ben Shmuel.
(a) They did all this - because it once happened that the moon shone brightly, and, thinking that dawn had broken, they brought the Korban Tamid, whilst it was still nighttime.
(b) They subsequently - burned that Korban Tamid.
(c) Having ascertained that it was time to bring the Korban Tamid - they took the Kohen Gadol down to be Toveled.
(d) Based on the principle that they had concerning the Beis-ha'Mikdash, a Kohen had to perform ...
1. ... Tevilah - after relieving himself (li'Gedolim).
2. ... Kidush Yadayim (Se Tos. Yom-Tov) ve'Raglayim - after urinating.
(a) Before entering the Azarah (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - a person has to Tovel ...
(b) ... even if he is already Tahor.
(c) We learn this from the Kohen Gadol on Yom Kipur - who had to Tovel even when going from Avodas Chutz to Avodas P'nim, and vice-versa, how much more so somebody who comes from Chol (his house) to Kodesh (the Beis-ha'Mikdash).
(a) The Kohen Gadol had to Tovel five times on Yom Kipur - and to perform ten Kidushei Yadayim ve'Raglayim (See Tos. Yom-Tov).
(b) The latter four Tevilos took place - in the Kodesh in the Beis ha'Parvah (See Tiferes Yisrael).
(c) The first Tevilah differed from them - inasmuch as it took place in the Chol on top of the Sha'ar ha'Mayim ...
(d) ... because it was located next to the Lishkas Falhedrin, where the Kohen Gadol stayed during the seven days prior to Yom Kipur (as we learned at the beginning of the Maseches).
(a) For the first Tevilah, seeing as the Kohen Gadol was exposed to the public - they put up a sheet between him and the people.
(b) Specifically a white linen sheet - to remind him that the main Avodah of the day was performed wearing white linen garments (as opposed to the whole year round, when he served in the 'golden' garments)..
(c) After he undressed, Toveled and dried himself, he wore the eight 'golden' garments for the first Avodah (the Korban Tamid)?
(d) This Tevilah also differed from all the other Tevilos - in that it did not require Kidush Yadayim ve'Raglayim before it was performed (since he only changed from his weekday clothes [See Tos. Yom-Tov]).
(e) Before beginning the Avodah - he washed his hands and feet from the Kiyor (See Tos. Yom-Tov).
(a) Instead of the regular full Shecitah, the Mishnah states 'K'ratzo' - which means that he Shechted only the majority of the two Simanim of the Tamid.
(b) Another Kohen would then conclude the Shechitah - to enable the Kohen Gadol to pick up the bowl and to receive the blood immediately.
(c) After Kabalas ha'Dam and Zerikah, the Kohen Gadol entered the Heichal to bring the Ketores sand to clean out the Menorah (to prepare it for lighting later in the day [See Tos. Yom-Tov]).
(d) Following that, he proceeded to bring the head and the limbs of the Tamid on the Mizbe'ach, before bringing his Minchas Chavitin - and the wine libation.
(a) The Mishnah says that the morning Ketores was brought between the Avodas ha'Dam and the bringing of the Evarim on to the Mizbe'ach. Why is this not quite correct? Which other Avodah came before the bringing of the Evarim on to the Mizbe'ach?
(b) Then why did the Tana say what he said? What is his main Chidush?
(c) Between which two Avodos was the afternoon Ketores (shel bein-ha'Arbayim) brought?
(a) What did they do (in connection with the Kohen Gadol's first Tevilah), if he was old or finnicky?
(b) When did they do this?
(a) When the Kohen Gadol concluded the Avodas ha'Tamid, they brought him to the Beis ha'Parvah - a chamber called after the wizard who built it).
(b) Once again, they spread a sheet between him and the people. He then performed Kidush Yadayim ve'Raglayim (which he did not do before the first Tevilah).
(c) According to the Tana Kama, he then performed Kidush Yadayim ve'Raglayim before disrobing. According to Rebbi Meir - he disrobed before performing Kidush Yadayim ve'Raglayim (See Tos. Yom-Tov).
(d) The Halachah is - like the Tana Kama.
(e) After changing into the four white Begadim, the Kohen Gadol performed Kidush Yadayim a again (See Tos. Yom-Tov).
(a) According to Rebbi Meir, in the morning, the Kohen Gadol wore 'Pilusin' - (Begadim made of fine, best linen Ra'amses) worth twelve Manah (a Manah = a hundred Zuz).
(b) They were called by that name - because Targum Yerushalmi translates "Ra'amses" as 'Pilusin'.
(c) In the afternoon, he wore Begadim that were made from linen from India (Hinduyin [See Tos. Yom-Tov]) ...
(d) ... that were worth eight hundred Zuz (eight Manah [See Tos. Yom-Tov]).
(e) The significance of ...
1. ... 'in the morning' is - when he entered the Kodesh Kodshim to place the 'spoon and the pan containing the Ketores.
2. ... 'in the afternoon' is - when he entered to remove them.
(a) the Chachamim, the Begadim that he wore in the morning were worth eighteen Manah - whereas those that he wore in the afternoon were worth twelve (See Tos. Yom-Tov).
(b) The Chachamim conclude that their total value was thirty Manah to teach us that, if the Begadim that he wore in the morning were worth less than eighteen Manah it didn't matter, as long as the total value was thirty Manah.
(c) If the Kohen Gadol wanted to add to the garments' value - he was permitted to do so ...
(d) ... provided he formally handed the excess money to Hekdesh first.
(a) The Kohen Gadol then approached his bull. Strictly speaking, it could have been placed anywhere on the north side of the Mizbe'ach. It was actually standing = between te Olam and the Mizbe'ach ...
(b) ... in order to be as close as possible to the Heichal, to make it easier for the Kohen Gadol, who had to carry the bowl of blood all the way from the bull to the Kodesh Kodshim.
(c) If the body of the bull was facing southwards, its head was facing - towards the west.
(d) The Kohen Gadol stood - on the east side of the bull facing westwards.
(a) He then recited Viduy (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - whilst leaning is two hands on the head of the bull. Where did he place his hands whilst he did so?
(b) He confessed on behalf of - himself and his family.
(c) After the words 'Ana (See Tos. Yom-Tov) Hashem', he began his confession with the words - 'Avisi, Pasha'ati, Chatasi' (See Tos. Yom-Tov).
(d) The Pasuk in Acharei-Mos that he cited as the source for confessing one's sins on Yom Kipur was - "Ki va'Yom ha'Zeh Yechaper aleichem Letaher eschem, mi'Kol Chatoseichem, Lifnei Hash-m Titharu".
(e) Seeing as the Kohen Gadol actually said Hash-m's full Name, when the people heard it they responded with the Pasuk "Baruch Shem ... ".
(a) The Kohen Gadol then walked to the east side of the Azarah, north of the Mizbe'ach (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - to perform the Goral between the two goats (la'Hashem and la'Azazel).
(b) The S'gan (the deputy Kohen Gadol) accompanied him on his right - the Rosh Beis-Av (of that day) on his left.
(a) There he arrived at a Kalpi - (a wooden box ...
(b) ... made of a valuable wood called box-wood).
(c) When ben Gamla was appointed Kohen Gadol - he made it out of gold.
(d) ben Gamla's actual name was - Yehoshua.
(e) The Chachamim praised Yehoshu'a ben Gamla for what he did.
(a) Ihe Kiyor originally had - two taps.
(b) When ben Katin (another Kohen Gadol) became Kohen Gadol - he added another ten, to make a total of twelve ...
(c) ... since twelve Kohanim performed the Avodah of the Korban Tamid (as we learned second Perek).
(d) He did not add one more for the Kohen who Shechted the Tamid - since Shechitah is not an Avodah and is Kasher be'Zar.
(a) ben Katin also arranged a 'Muchni' - (a wheel attached to a pulley) for the Kiyor ...
(b) ... in order to lower it into lower it a pit of water, tp prevent it from becoming Pasul be'Linah.
(c) Whereas ...
1. ... Munbaz ha'Melech made all the handles of the Keilim that were used on Yom Kipur - out of gold ...
2. ... his mother Hilni ha'Malkah manufactured a golden 'Nivreshes' (candelabra) ...
(d) ... which she placed at the entrance to the Heichal to glint each day at sun-rise, so that they would exactly when Hanetz ha'Chamah was taking place.
(a) She also made a tablet on which the Parshah of Sotah was written - to save them from having to transporting a Seifer-Torah (to copy the Pesukim whenever a Sotah came to th Beis-ha'Mikdash).
(b) The tablet was made of gold, too.
(c) The Mishnah concludes with the miracles that occurred with the gates that Nikanor was transporting by ship from Alexandria when a storm arose at sea. The ...
1. ... first miracle occurred after they threw one of the gates overboard to lighten the load, then threatened to do the same with the other one, until Niklanor ordered them to throw him into the sea together with it. At that moment the storm abated.
2. ... second miracle occurred when they arrived in the port of Acco, and discovered the gate that they had thrown overboard had somehow stuck to toe bottom of the ship/and had come all the way to Acco with them.
(a) The following list is to the detriment of those concerned. beis Garmu refused to teach to teach the secret of the Lechem ha'Panim - of how to remove it from the oven without it falling to pieces (bearing in mind that it was shaped like a box with two parallel sides missing.
(b) beis Avtinas refused to teach - how to manufacture the Ketores ...
(c) ... including the insertion of a herb called Ma'aleh-Ashan (which nobody else recognized and) which caused the smoke to rise in a straight line.
(d) Hugras ben Levi (a musician) refused to pass on to others - a certain note in the music that sounded particularly beautiful.
(a) Whereas ben Kamtzar was able to - write all four letters of the Name of Hash-m simultaneously, but refused to show others how to do it.
(b) If the Pasuk in Tehilim "Zeicher Tzadik li'Verachah" pertains to ben Gamla, ben Katin, Munbaz and Hilni, the Pasuk there that pertains to beis Garmu, beis Avtinas, Hagrus ben Levi and ben Kamtzar is - "ve'Shem Resha'im Yirkav".
(c) beis Garmu and beis Avtinas tried to justify what they did - by basing it on a fear that the holy work would fall into the the hands of those who were unworthy.
(d) The Chachamim nevertheless denounced them - because they did not accept their argument (See Tos. Yom-Tov).