POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
Prepared by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
1) WAS THE ARON HIDDEN OR EXILED?
(a) The Mishnah implies that the Aron was exiled.
2) WHERE WAS THE ARON HIDDEN?
(b) There are two opinions (R. Eliezer and R. Shimon b.
Yochai) which maintain that it was exiled (based on two
different Pesukim) and one which maintains that it was
hidden in its place, and remains so, based on the words
"Ad ha'Yom ha'Zeh".
1. According to Ula, R. Shimon b. Yochai is of the
opinion that the Aron is hidden.
(c) Question: Are all occurrences of "Ad ha'Yom ha'Zeh" meant
to be taken literally?
2. Ula reported an exchange between R. Masia b. Charash
and R. Shimon b. Yochai.
1. The Pasuk speaks of the Yevusi living in
Yerushalyaim "Ad ha'Yom ha'Zeh".
(d) Answer: The word "Sham" adds the real impression of
2. We know from Yirmeyahu that there were 52 years of
total desolation (like the numerical value of
3. We also know (from R. Yosi in the Beraisa) that
Gafris and Melach alone reigned in Eretz Yisrael for
seven years (compare "B'ris"-"B'ris").
(e) Question: But we find an instance of "va'Yeishev Sham"
which was interrupted by Sancheriv?
(f) Answer: Good question.
(a) Chachamim (cited by R. Nachman) taught that the Aron is
beneath the wood-checking Lishkah.
3) THE VISIBLE/INVISIBLE BADIM
(b) A tragic incident reported in the Beraisa supports the
claim that the Aron is not beneath the Kodesh
1. In the incident a Kohen, engaged in another
activity, died while trying to point out the place
of the Aron to the other Kohanim.
2. Question: What was that Kohen doing?
3. Answer: He was using his ax (as confirmed by the
tragic incident reported by a Tana d'bei R.
(a) Question: The (cited) Pesukim seem to contradict one
4) THE INTIMATE BOND BETWEEN THE PEOPLE AND HASH-M
(b) Answer: The Badim were both visible and invisible.
1. Further, they miraculously extended in order to be
visible from without.
2. The refrained from extending too far (which would
tear the Paroches) and only pushed out slightly,
like a woman's breasts through her garment.
(a) (R. Katina): The bond was revealed to the people by
opening the Paroches during Aliyas Regel (the embracing
(b) Question: But the Pasuk teaches that the Keilim of the
Mishkan may not be seen!?
(c) Answer: The Mishkan was likened to a Kalah before her
wedding while the Beis ha'Mikdash was like a Kalah after
(d) Question: But we find that a Kohen was killed in order to
prevent the possible exposure of the Aron!?
(e) Answer: That was during the second Mikdash, when the
remarried wife is, again, like the Kalah before the
(f) Question: Then R. Katina's teaching cannot apply to
1. The first Beis ha'Mikdash did not have a Paroches.
(g) Answer: He spoke of the first Beis ha'Mikdash and the
Paroches refer to the (many door) coverings (as
2. The second Beis ha'Mikdash did not have Keruvim.
(h) Alternate Answer: He spoke of the second Beis ha'Mikdash
and they showed the people the Keruvim as part of the
1. Those Keruvim were very noticeable as supported by
2. The second of those Pesukim refers to the Keruvim as
being made "ke'Ma'ar Ish ve'Loyos".
3. What is "ke'Ma'ar Ish ve'Loyos"?
5) THE EVEN HASHESIYAH
4. Like a man embracing his wife.
(i) The destroyers of the Mikdash mocked the intimate Keruvim
(thus fulfilling the prophecy of "Kol Mechabdehah
(a) It was called 'Shesiyah' because the world was founded on
(b) This is consistent with view of Chachamim that the world
was created from Tzion.
1. This is a four-way Machlokes in the Beraisa.
(c) R. Eliezer ha'Gadol taught that the Shamayim was created
from Shamayim and the Aretz from Aretz, while the
Chachamim say that they were both created from Tzion.
2. R. Eliezer (it was created from its center), R.
Yehoshua (it was created from its sides), R. Yitzhok
(from the stone which Hash-m fired into the sea),
and the Chachamim (from Tzion).
Index to Outlines for Maseches Yoma