prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) The Din in all the combinations of two Sukos, one above the other dealt with in the previous Beraisa, is obvious, except for one. Which one?
(b) Why might we have thought that the bottom one is Pasul too?
(a) According to Rav Huna, the distance between one Sukah and the other for it to be considered one Sukah above the other (and not just one Sukah) is one Tefach. What is his source for this?
(b) What does the Mishnah in Ohalos mean when it says 'Tefach al Tefach b'Rum Tefach ...
1. ... Meivi es ha'Tum'ah'?
2. ... Chotzetz Bifnei ha'Tum'ah'?
(c) Rav Chisda and Rabah bar Rav Huna give the distance between the two Sukos as four Tefachim. What is their basis for this?
(d) Shmuel is far more radical than the previous two opinions. What does he say?
(e) Why is that?
(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah, if there is nobody living in the top Sukah, the bottom one is Kasher. Why can we not explain this literally?
(b) What he therefore means is that it is not fit to live in. What do we initially understand this to mean? On whom is this a Kashya?
(c) When Rav Dimi arrived from Eretz Yisrael, how did he establish the Mishnah, citing the Bnei Eretz Yisrael?
(d) If the intervening Sechach cannot hold the bedding of the top resident, why ...
1. ... does Rebbi Yehudah render the Sukah Kasher?
2. ... do the Rabanan invalidate the bottom Sukah?
(a) On what grounds does our Mishnah invalidate a Sukah which has a sheet spread across it, either on top, to protect the Sukah from the sun, or underneath, to protect it from the droppings of Sechach?
(b) Why is sleeping underneath a four-poster bed over which a sheet has been draped, not forbidden for the same reason?
(c) Does this mean that one may sleep underneath it?
(d) Spreading a sheet over 'Naklitei ha'Mitah' is however permitted. Why is that? What is 'Naklitei ha'Mitah'?
(a) What does Rav Chisda say about a canvass with pictures that is spread across the ceiling to adorn the Sukah?
(b) Why does he need to tell us this? Why is it not obvious from the fact that the Mishnah forbids a sheet that is spread across the Sukah to protect it from the sun or from the droppings, but omits any mention of one that decorates it?
(a) The Beraisa forbids taking down and using the ornaments that are hanging in the Sukah until after Shemini Atzeres, and it lists various types of colored hangings, nuts, and fruits etc. as examples of this. On what grounds is it prohibited (see Tosfos 9a DH 'Minayin')?
(b) Under which condition will one be permitted to take them down and use them?
(c) Why is there no proof from this Beraisa that ornamental hangings that are spread across the ceiling do not invalidate the Sukah?
(a) Do ornaments affect the height of the Sukah ...
1. ... when they are suspended from the Sechach (i.e. to be Machshir it if it is more than twenty Amos high, or to render it Pasul if it is exactly ten Tefachim high)?
2. ... if they are attached to the wall of a Sukah that is exactly seven by seven Tefachim wide?
(b) Why did Rav Ashi instruct Menimin to remove the wet shirt from the roof of the Sukah, where he had hung it up to dry?
(c) Who was Menimin?
(d) Why was it not be obvious from the fact that they were wet, that the shirt was hung up to dry, and not to cover the Sukah?
(a) According to Rav Nachman, ornaments that are dangling to below four Tefachim, do not invalidate the Sukah. What do Rav Chisda and Rabah bar Rav Huna say?
(b) What was Rav Chisda and Rabah bar Rav Huna's reaction when Rav Nachman arranged for them to sleep in the Resh Galusa's Sukah, where ornaments were dangling to below four Tefachim?
(c) Bearing in mind that this did not conform with their opinion, why did they not protest?
(d) What was Rav Nachman doing, organizing the guests in the Resh Galusa's Sukah?
(a) How do we reconcile Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel, who permits sleeping in a Kilas Chasanim (a type of four poster bed), provided the posts over which the sheet is draped are less than ten Tefachim tall, with the Beraisa, which forbids someone to sleep in a four-poster bed in a Sukah which has a sheet spread across its posts?
(b) How will we then establish the Mishnah in Perek ha'Yashein, which renders not Yotzei someone who sleeps underneath a bed on Sukos?
(c) What can we infer from the Beraisa which, after prohibiting sleeping under a sheet that is draped over a four-poster bed, permits sleeping under a sheet that is draped over a two-poster bed, provided it is less than ten Tefachim tall?
(d) Then how do we reconcile this with the Rav Yehudah's Kilas Chasanim, which is Kasher as long as it is less than ten Tefachim tall?
(a) We just forbade sleeping under a four-poster bed, even if it is less than ten Tefachim high. How do we reconcile this with Shmuel, who learnt earlier that a Sukah that is underneath a Sukah is Kasher, provided less than ten Tefachim separate them (despite the fact that the top Sukah is also fixed)?
(a) Based on the previous Halachah, Rav Tachlifi bar Avimi Amar Shmuel permits someone who is sleeping naked in a Kilas Chasanim to stick his head outside the sheet and recite the Shema. Why is that? What height is the sheet?
(b) What would Shmuel rule in the same case, if he was sleeping in a four-poster bed?
(c) And how will he explain the Beraisa which forbids it even in a Kilas Chasanim?
(d) How do we prove this answer from the Seifa of the Beraisa, which forbids a naked person to stick his out of the window and recite the Shema? Will this Din apply to a house that is less than ten Tefachim high?