POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
Prepared by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
1) THE QUESTIONS ASKED OF R. ELIEZER
(a) (Tana Kama): R. Eliezer was asked 30 questions
regarding the laws of Sukah, 12 of which he
responded to as having heard them from his
teachers, and 18 he did not.
(b) (R. Yosi b'Rebbi Yehudah): He reported having
heard 18 and had not heard 12.
(c) R. Eliezer was asked if, indeed, he is so
careful not to say anything which he did not
hear from his teacher.
(d) R. Eliezer responded (being forced to speak
about himself, something which he did not hear
from his teachers) listing his personal
attributes, including the fact that he never
said anything which he had not heard from his
(e) A similar and even larger list of qualities is
attributed to R. Yochanan b. Zakai, upon whom
R. Eliezer modeled his qualities.
(f) Of the 80 students of the great Hillel (whose
strengths are described), R. Yochanan b. Zakai
was the least.
1. The Beraisa goes on to list every area of
knowledge which R. Yochanan b. Zakai had
2. If this was true of the least of Hillel's
disciples, what could be imagined of the
greatest of them, Yonasan b. Uziel!
3. It is said of Yonasan b. Uziel that birds
flying overhead were singed when he
2) "MISHNAH:" SUKAH OBLIGATIONS
(a) One must have his head, the majority of his
body and his table in the Sukah.
1. Beis Shamai invalidates the Sukah if his
table is within the house.
(b) Women, slaves and minors are exempt from Sukah.
2. Beis Hillel allows this arrangement.
3. Beis Hillel attempt to support their
position citing the elders who silently
acquiesced while R. Yochanan b. HaChornis
sat with his table in the house.
4. Beis Shamai respond that indeed all the
visitors told R. Yochanan b. HaChornis
that he could not have fulfilled his
Mitzvah in this manner.
(c) A boy who no longer needs his mother is
(d) The Elder Shamai made a Sukah above his
daughter-in- law's bed to provide a Sukah for
3) THE EXEMPTION OF WOMEN
(a) Question: What is the source for their
(b) Answer: The Heh of ha'Ezrach excludes women,
while Kol includes minors.
(c) Question: Are we to thus infer that Ezrach
without the Heh would imply both men and women,
contrary to the Beraisa (where ha'Ezrach comes
in include women in the afflictions of Yom
(d) Answer (Rabah): The Heh can either include or
exclude, but the matter is decided through
Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai and then attributed
to the Pasuk.
(e) Question: Which, Sukah or Yom Kipur, is derived
from the Pasuk itself, and which comes from
Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai?
(f) Additional Question: We do not need either of
these, given that Sukah is time tied, thus
exempting women, and a woman's obligation to
abstain on Yom Kipur is learned from the Pasuk
(as taught by R. Yehudah citing Rav)!?
(g) Answer (Abaye): Ezrach means men, and ha'Ezrach
should include women, who are exempt because of
the Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai.
1. Question: Why do we need a tradition to
exempt women from Sukah?
(h) Question: If Sukah is Halachah l'Moshe
mi'Sinai, then what, indeed, does the Heh in
the Pasuk teach us?
2. Answer (Abaye): We might have obligated
them as part of the obligation to dwell in
the Sukah as one would dwell in his home,
with his wife.
3. Answer (Rava): We might have obligated
women due to the existing connection
between the night of Sukos and the night
of Pesach, where women are obligated to
(i) Answer: It includes converts (whom we might
have excluded due to the word Yisrael in the
(j) Question: Why do we need a Pasuk to include
women in Yom Kipur, given the teaching of R.
Yehudah citing Rav?
(k) Answer: To include women in the minutes added
to Yom Kipur.
1. We might have exempted women from these
minutes given that they are not subject to
the warnings and punishments of Yom Kipur
2. This lesser status might be translated
into an exemption for women which the
4) 'KOL' TO INCLUDE MINORS
(a) Question: But the Mishnah exempts minors!?
(b) Answer: The inclusion speaks of minors who are
educable, while the exemption refers to those
(c) Question: But the obligation of educable minors
in Mitzvos is mid'Rabanan, and is surely is not
derived from a Pasuk!?
(d) Answer: Indeed it is mid'Rabanan, and the Pasuk
is only used as an Asmachta.
5) A MINOR WHO NO LONGER NEEDS HIS MOTHER
(a) Question: When is a minor considered
independent of his mother?
(b) Answer (Bei R. Yanai): When he can clean
(c) Additional Answer (Resh Lakish): When he awakes
and does not call out for his mother.
(d) Question: But even older children may call out
Mother upon awaking!?
(e) Answer: We mean that he calls out repeatedly
until mother responds.
6) THE GRANDSON OF SHAMAI THE ELDER
(a) Question: The cited incident (wherein Shamai
prepared a Sukah for his grandson) contradicts
the very law of Mishnah (exempting minors)
which it is supposed to illustrate!?
(b) Answer: By emending the Mishnah we learn that
minors are exempt, but Shamai was stringent
7) "MISHNAH:" RAIN ON THE SUKAH
(a) One's principle residence is in the Sukah for
(b) Rain exempts one from the Sukah once porridge
would spoil from it.
(c) Rainfall on Sukos is analogous to a servant who
gave the cup to his master and who spilled it
in his face.
8) "TESHVU K'EIN TADURU"
(a) Question: What is the source for the Sukah
obligations listed in the Beraisa?
(b) Answer: The word Teshvu is understood to mean
reside as one would in one's house, including
(c) Question: But Rava taught that, while lesser
learning takes place in the Sukah, in-depth
study takes place outside?
(d) Answer: One speaks of reviewing that which is
known to him, and the exemption speaks of
in-depth analysis which one may do where he is
1. The concept of these two levels of study
is illustrated by Rava and Rami b. Chama.
2. After hearing the Shiur from R. Chisda
they would briefly overview all of the
covered points, and only then analyze them
Index to Outlines for Maseches Sukah