POINT BY POINT OUTLINE
Prepared by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
1) "PETURIM" FROM MITZVOS
(a) First Beraisa: Wedding participants.
1. (Tana Kama): A groom and all of the
wedding participants are Peturim from
Tefilah, Tefilin but are obligated in
(b) Second Beraisa: Dealers in Tashmishei Kedushah.
2. (R. Shila): The groom is even Patur from
1. (R. Chananya b. Akavya): Scribes,
wholesalers and retailers of STa"M, and
similar others involved in divine service
are Peturim from all Mitzvos
(c) Third Beraisa: Travelers.
2. This was as taught by R. Yosi ha'Gelili
1. Travelers are Peturim from Sukah when they
travel and are obligated when they are not
(d) Fourth Beraisa: Watchmen.
2. Those travelling for Mitzvos are exempt
day and night regardless of the time they
3. In the reported incident R. Chisda and
Rabah bar R. Huna saw themselves as exempt
when they went to the home of the Resh
Gelusa in Sura.
1. Watchmen are Peturim from Sukah when they
watch and are obligated when they are not
2. The same holds for watchmen who remain in
one place (at their posts).
3. Question: Let them make a Sukah there!?
4. Answer (Abaye): One does not live that way
during the year, and the Sukah must recall
one's normal residence (Teshvu k'Ein
5. Answer (Rava): Seeing the watchman with
his Sukah would invite thieves to the
6. Question: When will these answers show a
7. Answer: When watching a mound of fruit (it
can be watched from one spot, but it does
not recall normal residence).
2) A SICK PERSON IS EXEMPT FROM SUKAH
(a) (Tana Kama): Even one who is moderately sick
(enough that residing in the Sukah would be
hard for him) is exempt from Sukah.
(b) (R. Shimon b. Gamliel): R. Yosi exempted me due
to my eye discomfort.
1. Rav permitted R. Acha to sleep under a
Kilah because of insects (mosquitoes-Ran).
2. Rava exempted R. Acha b. Ada due to the
foul smell he experienced (from the floor)
in the Sukah.
3. Rava is consistent with his assertion that
one who is distressed by the Sukah is
exempt from it.
4. Question: But the Mishnah only exempt the
5. Answer: It exempts even the attendants
of the ill, while the distressed are
personally exempt, but not their
3) EATING "ARAI" (A CASUAL MEAL/SNACK) OUTSIDE OF THE SUKAH
(a) Question: What quantity of food is considered
(b) Answer (R. Yosef): Two or three (Beitzim).
(c) Question: But that amount could suffice for
some as a full meal (Keva)!?
(d) Answer (Abaye): Rather, Arai is the mouthful
that a student takes on his way to the Academy
4) EATING "ARAI" VERSUS SLEEPING "ARAI" OUTSIDE OF THE SUKAH
(a) (Beraisa): One is permitted to eat Arai outside
of the Sukah, but not sleep Arai (nap) outside
of the Sukah.
(b) Question: Why may he not nap?
(c) Answer (R. Ashi): We are concerned lest he fall
into a deep sleep.
1. Question (Abaye): Then why is it permitted
to sleep Arai with Tefilin, given the
concern lest he fall asleep.
(d) Answer (Rava): Because there is no amount of
sleep which can universally be called
sufficient (a nap might suffice for some,
constituting their full sleep).
2. Answer (R. Yosef b'Rebbi Ilai): He
instructs another to wake him.
3. Question (R. Mesharshia): The guarantor
(the waker) needs a guarantor!!
4. Answer (Rabah bar bar Chanah citing R.
Yochanan): Rather, the Beraisa regarding
Tefilin speaks where he put his head down
between his knees (where we are not
concerned lest he fall deeply asleep in
5) THREE BERAISOS ON "TEFILIN" AND SLEEP
(a) First: A person with Tefilin may sleep Arai but
not Keva (when wearing them).
(b) Second: A person may sleep Arai or Keva (when
the Tefilin are covered and lying near his
(c) Third: A person may not sleep Arai or Keva
(when holding the Tefilin in his hand, lest
6) "ARAI" SLEEP
(a) Question: How much time constitutes Arai?
(b) Answer (Rami b. Yechezkel): The time to walk
1. This is supported in the Beraisa which
instructs one who sees Keri when napping
regarding the procedure for removing his
(c) (Rav): It is not permitted to sleep, during the
day, more than a horse (60 breaths).
2. He may handle the straps but not the
3. The Chachamim, who permit Arai (only
during the day - Tosfos), state that Arai
is the time to walk 100 Amos.
(d) (Abaye): Rabah b. Nachmani napped as long as
Rav, who napped like Rebbi, who napped like
Dovid ha'Melech, who napped like a horse, 60
1. Abaye napped for longer (time to walk six
Parsah from Pumbedisa to Bei Kuvi).
(e) (R. Nasan): One who naps during the day may
either remove or remain wearing his Tefilin,
but at night he must remove them.
2. R. Yosef cited a Pasuk indicating that
this was excessive for Abaye.
(f) (R. Yosi): Young men must always remove their
Tefilin, because they are accustomed to Tum'ah.
(g) Question: Is this to imply that R. Yosi forbids
a Ba'al Keri from wearing Tefilin!?
(h) Answer (Abaye): No, he is speaking of young men
who are with their wives, and they must remove
their Tefilin before sleeping.
(i) One who cohabits with his wife and forgets that
he is wearing Tefilin must wash his hands
before touching any part of the Tefilin.
7) "MISHNAH:" INCIDENTS REGARDING SMALL AMOUNTS OF FOOD
(a) R. Yochanan b. Zakai insisted on bringing small
amounts of food into the Sukah.
(b) R. Tzadok ate less than a KeBEtzah outside of
the Sukah without Netilas Yadayim or Bircas
8) BEING "MACHMIR" ON ONESELF
(a) Question: The incident of R. Yochanan b. Zakai
contradicts the principle set forth (that Arai
is permitted outside of the Sukah) for which it
is serving as an example!?
(b) Answer: By emending the Mishnah we learn that
one is permitted to be stringent and bring even
small amounts into the Sukah without fear of
conceit, which the incident supports.
(c) Question: The incident of R. Tzadok (in which
he ate less than a KeBEtzah outside of the
Sukah) should disprove those (R. Yosef and
Abaye) who speaks of larger measures as being
(d) Answer: The incident may be reporting the
amount for Netilas Yadayim and Bircas ha'Mazon
(a KeBEtzah), not the measure for bringing food
into the Sukah.
Index to Outlines for Maseches Sukah