prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) What, besides the T'midin, the Musafin and their respective Nesachim, does the Mishnah include in the list of things that they purchased with the money from the T'rumas ha'Lishkah?
(b) What does this come to include?
(c) According to the Tana Kama, the Shomrei S'fichim ba'Shevi'is received their wages from the T'rumas ha'Lishkah. Who were the 'Shomrei S'fichim ba'Shevi'is'?
(d) Why was it necessary to do this?
(a) On what basis did they pay the Shomrei S'fichim ba'Shevi'is from the T'rumas ha'Lishkah, which was designated for the Korb'nos Tzibur?
(b) What did Rebbi Yossi say about the Shomreo S'fichin working for remuneration?
(c) What objection did the Chachamim raise to that?
(d) What then, is Rebbi Yossi's reason?
(e) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about the Parah Adumah, the Sa'ir ha'Mishtale'ach and the red wool that was thrown into the burning cow?
(b) What else does 'the red wool ... ' incorporate?
(c) Why did the Tana then mention specifically the red wool?
(d) Neither the Parah Adumh nor the Sa'ir ha'Mishtale'ach are Kodshei Mizbe'ach, On what grounds did they then use money from T'rumas ha'Lishkah to purchase ...
1. ... the Parah Adumah?
2. ... the Sa'ir ha'Mishtale'ach?
(a) The Tana now presents with a list that begins with the respective bridges that they made for the Parah Adumah and the Sa'ir ha'Mishtale'ach and the red wool that they tied between its horns. What was the significance of the bridge that they made for ...
1. ... the Parah Adumah?
2. ... the Sa'ir ha'Mishtale'ach?
(b) Why was ...
1. ... the former necessary?
2. ... the latter necessary?
(c) What purpose did the red wool between the goat's horns serve?
(d) From which funds did the money come to pay for those items?
(e) Why did they not use the money from T'rumas ha'Lishkah for these items?
(a) They also used money from the Sheyarei ha'Lishkah to repair the Amas ha'Mayim, the walls of Yerushalayim and its towers. What was the 'Amas ha'Mayim'?
(b) What additional item does the Tana add to the current list?
(c) What does Aba Shaul say about the bridge of the Parah Adumah?
(a) The Mishnah now discusses what they did with the Mosar Sheyarei ha'Lishkah. What is 'Mosar Sheyarei ha'Lishkah'?
(b) According to Rebbi Yishmael, they would purchase with it three commodities. Which three commodities?
(c) What did they do with them?
(d) On what grounds does Rebbi Akiva disagree with him?
(a) Rebbi Akiva says the same about Tzedakah funds. What is his reason for that?
(b) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) a'According to the Tana Kama, the Mosar ha'Terumah was used to purchase gold. What is 'Mosar T'rumah'?
(b) What did they do with the gold?
(a) Rebbi Yishmael maintains that Mosar ha'Peiros was used for Kayitz ha'Mizbe'ach. What are 'Mosar ha'Peiros'?
(b) Why is specifically Rebbi Yishmael the one to say this?
(c) What is 'Kayitz ha'Mizbe'ach'?
(d) Why is it called by that name?
(a) And what does Rebbi Yishmael say they did with the Mosar ha'Terumah?
(b) How does he learn it from the Pasuk in Divrei ha'Yamim "ve'es Sha'ar ha'Kesef Vaya'aseihu Keilim le'Veis Hash-m"?
(a) Rebbi Akiva maintains that Mosar ha'Terumah is used for Kayitz ha'Mizbe'ach. He also discusses Mosar Nesachim, which might be based on wine, flour and oil merhants who undertook to provide Hekdesh with wine, flour and oil at three Sa'ah per Sela. Where did the Mosar then come from?
(b) How else might Hekdesh be left with Mosar Nesachim?
(c) What did they then do with Mosar Nesachim, according to Rebbi Akiva?
(d) What is the basis for Rebbi Akiva's ruling 'Mosar ...
1. ... Nesachim li'K'lei Shareis'?
2. ... ha'Terumah le'Kayitz ha'Mizbe'ach'? And what is the basis for Rebbi Chanina S'gan ha'Kohanim's ruling 'Mosar Nesachim le'Kayitz ha'Mizbe'ach'?
(a) According to Rebbi Chanina S'gan ha'Kohanim, what did they then do with Mosar T'rumah?
(b) What does the Mishnah mean when he says that neither Rebbi Akiva nor Rebbi Chanina S'gan ha'Kohanim agree (with Rebbi Yishmael) regarding Peiros?
(c) What is the one final ruling that covers all Mosros?
(d) What is the reason for that?
(a) The Mishnah now discusses Mosar ha'Ketores. How many Manim did they need to manufacture for the annual stock of Ketores?
(b) How many Manim did they need to add for Yom Kipur?
(c) Why was some Ketores inevitably left over ...
1. ... on most years?
2. ... on Yom-Kipur?
(d) What did they do with Mosar ha'Ketores?
(a) They began by giving money from the T'rumas ha'Lishkah to one of the treasurers on behalf of the workers. How did the money go out to Chulin?
(b) How did they proceed from there?
(c) What was then the status of ...
1. ... the Ketores?
2. ... the money?
(d) What did they then do with the Ketores and with the money?
(a) With what did they buy the Ketores back from the workers?
(b) What if the new Shekalim had not yet arrived?
(a) The Mishnah now discusses someone who declares his property Hekdesh, and it contains things that are fit for Korb'nos Tzibur. What sort of 'things' is the Tana referring to?
(b) According to Rebbi Akiva, one gives the wine ... to the workers of Hekdesh as remuneration. What problem do we have with that?
(c) To solve the problem, what does Rebbi Akiva learn from the Pasuk in T'rumah) "Ve'asu Li Mikdash"?
(a) What objection did ben Azai raise to Rebbi Akiva's ruling?
(b) So how does one pay the workers, according to ben Azai?
(c) Like whom is the Halachah?
(d) In which point do they both agree?
(a) According to Rebbi Eliezer, if someone declares Hekdesh all his property, and there are animals that are fit to go on the Mizbe'ach, they must nevertheless be sold. What distinction does he draw between male animals and female ones?
(b) What happens to the proceeds?
(c) Why does Rebbi Eliezer not rule that the animals themselves go on the Mizbe'ach?
(d) In that case, why must they be sold as Olos and Shelamim?
(a) According to Rebbi Yehoshua the male animals go directly on the Mizbe'ach. What does he say about the female animals? In which point does he disagree with Rebbi Eliezer?
(b) What is his reason for the latter ruling (concerning female animals)?
(c) What does he say about the rest of the Makdish's property?
(d) Why does Rebbi Akiva prefer the ruling of Rebbi Eliezer over that of Rebbi Yehoshua?
(a) Which is the correct opinion according to Rebbi Papyas?
(b) In which case did he hear like ...
1. ... Rebbi Eliezer?
2. ... Rebbi Yehoshua?
(c) What is the reason for ...
1. ... the former ruling?
2. ... the latter ruling?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) Rebbi Elazar discusses someone who declares Hekdesh his property, which includes wine, oil, flour and birds. What is the significance of wine, oil and flour?
(b) What kind of birds is he talking about?
(c) What ruling does he issue in this regard?
(a) The Yerushalmi cites the Pasuk in Emor " ... le'Chol Nidreihem u'le'Chol Nidvosam asher Yakrivu la'Hashem e'Olah" as the source for Rebbi Elazar's latter ruling. How does Rebbi Elazar learn it from there?
(b) And what does he then learn from the continuation of the Pasuk "ba'Bakar, ba'Kesavim u'va'Izim"?
(c) And what does one do with the remainder of the Makdish's property?
(a) What does the Mishnah mean when it writes that every thirty days one assesses the Lishkah?
(b) What are the ramifications of this statement vis-a-vis the current Halachois?
(c) What if, during those thirty days, the price of wine, oil and flour ...
1. ... rises?
2. ... drops?
(a) What procedure did they follow when purchasing flour, wine and oil for the Menachos and Nesachim from their had-picked merchants? At which time of year did they do this?
(b) What if the price of flour (See Tos. Yom-Tov) was fixed at ...
1. ... four Sa'in per Sela and it rose to three?
2. ... three Sa'in per Sela and it dropped to four?
(a) What is the reason for the former ruling? In what way is Hekdesh fundamentally different than Chulin regarding the Din of purchasing?
(b) From which Pasuk in do we learn this?
(c) Then why, in the latter ruling, must the merchants now give four Sa'ah per Sela, instead of the three that they originally undertook to give?
(d) Which principle incorporates both rulings?
(a) What if the flour turns wormy or the wine turns sour?
(b) At which point is the sale considered valid (i.e. the money that the merchant he received up front actually acquire it?