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CHARTS FOR LEARNING THE DAILY DAF
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Sanhedrin Chart #10
Sanhedrin Daf 56a
THE PROHIBITIONS OF BLASPHEMY ("GIDUF") WITH A "KINUY"
FOR A YISRAEL AND FOR A NOCHRI(1)
Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha)
(1) For blasphemy with the "Shem ha'Meyuchad", everyone agrees that both a
Yisrael and a Nochri are Chayav. The Chiyuv for a Yisrael is learned from
the verse, "v'Nokev Shem Hashem Mos Yumas" (Vayikra 24:16), and the Chiyuv
for a Nochri is learned from the words, "va'Yetzav Hashem" (Bereishis 2:54).
"Shem ha'Meyuchad," in this sense, refers to the four-letter Name of Hashem
(tetragrammaton), and "Kinuy" refers to any of the other Names of Hashem,
such as "Elokim," "Shakai," "Tzevakos." (RASHI DH v'Aliba)
(2) The Azharah is learned from the verse, "Elokim Lo Sekalel" (Shemos
22:27), which implies blasphemy with either the "Shem ha'Meyuchad" or with a
Kinuy. (RASHI DH v'Al ha'Kinuyin)
(3) This is learned from the words, "Ki Yekalel Elokav," and "v'Nasa Chet'o"
(Vayikra 24:16; RASHI DH v'Chachamim Omrim: it seems that Rebbi Meir agrees
(4) The Rabanan derive from the words, "k'Ger k'Ezrach" (Vayikra 24:16),
that in contrast to a Jew, a Nochri is Chayav Misah even if he only curses a
Kinuy. (Perhaps the reason for this is because Nochrim, as opposed to Benei
Yisrael, know Hashem only by His Kinuyim and not by the Shem ha'Meyuchad, as
the Gemara says on 60a.)
(5) Rebbi Meir holds that the words "Mos Yumas" apply not only to the person
who was Megadef Hashem, but also to the person who was "Ki Yekalel Elokav."
(6) Rebbi Meir derives from "Ish Ish" (Vayikra 24:15) that a Nochri is like
a Yisrael with regard to being Chayav for blasphemy with a "Kinuy."
Nevertheless, a Nochri is not like a Yisrael with regard to his punishment.
A Nochri receives the death penalty of Sayif (as he receives for any
transgression for which he is Chayav Misah), as is derived from the words
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