1)

(a)What does Rebbi Yochanan extrapolate from the sequence in the Pasuk, which describes the 'three' men walking unscathed in the burning furnace and the fourth figure resembling an angel?

(b)Rebbi Tanchum bar Chanila'i explains how all the nations of the world came and tapped Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah on the face. Why did they do that? What did they say to them?

(c)How did Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah respond?

(d)How does Rebbi Yonasan explain the Pasuk in Shir ha'Shirim ...

1. ... "Amarti E'eleh be'Tamar"?

2. ... "Ochzah le'Sansinav"?

(e)Why is Yisrael compared to a palm-tree?

1)

(a)Rebbi Yochanan extrapolates from the fact that in the Pasuk, which describes the 'three' men walking unscathed in the burning furnace and the fourth figure resembling an angel', it mentions the Tzaduikim first) that - Tzadikim are greater than angels.

(b)Rebbi Tanchum bar Chanila'i explains how all the nations of the world came and tapped Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah on the face - because, they claimed in wonder, if they had such a great G-d, how could they (Yisrael, whom the three Tzadikim represented) prostrate themselves before the image?

(c)Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah responded with the Pasuk in Daniel - "L'cha Hash-m ha'Tzedakah ve'lanu Boshes ha'Panim!" ('You Hash-m, are righteous, whereas we, Yisrael, are shamefaced)!'

(d)Rebbi Yonasan explained the Pasuk ...

1. ... "Amarti E'eleh be'Tamar" to mean that - initially, Hakadosh-Baruch-Hu thought (Kevayachol) that He would climb up the date-palm (He would be elevated through the whole of Yisrael, who would all refuse to prostrate themselves before the Nevuchadner's image) ...

2. ... "Ochzah le'Sansinav" - it transpired that He only had a thin branch to hold on to (Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah, who, out of all the Tzadikim, were the only ones to refuse to obey the order).

(e)Yisrael is compared to a palm-tree - because like it, they only have one heart (that is dedicated to their Father in Heaven [even when they sin, in their heart of hearts, they still believe in Him, and in Him alone).

2)

(a)In the Pasuk in Zecharyah, what is meant by ...

1. ... "Ra'isi ha'Laylah"?

2. ... "Ish Rochev al Sus"?

3. ... "Sus Adom"?

4. ... "ve'Hu Omeid bein ha'Hadasim"?

5. ... "asher ba'Metzulah"?

6. ... "Susim ... Levanim"?

(b)What does Rav Papa extrapolate from this final D'rashah?

(c)According to Rav, after Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah were saved from the furnace, they died from an Ayin ha'Ra, whereas according to Shmuel, they drowned in spit . Which spit (see Agados Maharsha)?

(d)What does Rebbi Yochanan say?

2)

(a)In the Pasuk in Zecharyah ...

1. ... "Ra'isi ha'Laylah" refers to - Hash-m's intention to turn the entire world into night (to plunge it into darkness).

2. ... "Ish Rochev al Sus" refers to - Hash-m (who is called "Ish Milchamah").

3. ... "Sus Adom" means - that He meant to turn the world into blood (to kill everyone).

4. ... "ve'Hu Omeid bein ha'Hadasim" - until He saw Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah (since Tzadikim are compared to myrtles).

5. ... "asher ba'Metzulah" - who were in Bavel (which is called by this name on account of its depth).

6. ... "Susim ... Levanim" - which is when the red horses turned white.

(b)Rav Papa extrapolates from this final D'rashah that - dreaming about a white horse is a good omen.

(c)According to Rav, after Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah were saved from the furnace, they died from an Ayin ha'Ra, whereas according to Shmuel, they drowned - in the spit of those who spat at them in disgust after they left the furnace (see Agados Maharsha).

(d)Rebbi Yochanan maintains - that they actually went to Eretz Yisrael, where they married and had children.

3)

(a)A similar Machlokes Tana'im is cited in the Beraisa between Rebbi Eliezer, Rebbi Yehoshua and the Chachamim, respectively. What proof do the Chachamim bring from the Pasuk in Zecharyah "Sh'ma Na Yehoshua ha'Kohen ha'Gadol, Atah ve'Rei'echa ... ki Anshei Mofeis Heimah"?

(b)What problem do we have with Daniel in respect of the episode with Chananyah, Mishael and Azrayah?

(c)According to Rav, he went to dig a river in Teverya (or in Har ha'Melech), and according to Shmuel, the king sent him to bring Aspasta seeds. According to Rebbi Yochanan, he sent him to Egypt. What for?

(d)How do we reconcile this with Todos the doctor, who states in a Beraisa that every cow or sow that left Egypt had to have its womb removed, to avoid breeding it elsewhere?

3)

(a)A similar Machlokes Tana'im is cited in the Beraisa between Rebbi Eliezer, Rebbi Yehoshua and the Chachamim, respectively. The Chachamim there prove from the Pasuk "Sh'ma Na Yehoshua ha'Kohen ha'Gadol Atah ve'Rei'echa ... ki Anshei Mofeis Heimah" - that Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah went to Eretz Yisrael and had children, where Yehoshua Kohen Gadol served in that capacity, since they are the "men of Miracles" referred to in the Pasuk.

(b)The problem we have with Daniel in respect of the episode with Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah is that - when the three Tzadikim were thrown into the furnace, where was he? Why was he not thrown in together with them?

(c)According to Rav, he went to dig a large river in Teverya (or on a mountain), and according to Shmuel, the king sent him to bring Aspasta seeds. According to Rebbi Yochanan, he sent him to Egypt - to bring back some large Egyptian sows for breeding.

(d)We reconcile this with Todos the doctor, who states in a Beraisa that every cow or sow that left Egypt had to have its womb removed, to avoid breeding it with their own males - by establishing the ones that Daniel brought with him as being small (young) ones, which the authorities, unaware that they were intended for breeding, permitted him to take out.

4)

(a)What does the Beraisa mean when it states 'Sheloshah Hayu be'Osah Eitzah'?

(b)Why did Hash-m want Daniel out of the way when Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah were cast into the furnace?

(c)How did Nevuchadnetzar view Daniel?

(d)How does that explain the interest that ...

1. ... Daniel himself had, to be out of the way?

2. ... Nevuchadnetzar had, to remove him from the scene?

4)

(a)When the Beraisa states 'Sheloshah Hayu be'Osah Eitzah' - it is referring to the plan to get Daniel out of harm's way (before Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah were cast into the furnace), involving Hakadosh-Baruch-Hu, Daniel and Nevuchadnetzar.

(b)Hash-m wanted Daniel out of the way - so that people would realize the greatness of the three Tzadikim, and not attribute their salvation to Daniel's righteousness (since he would have certainly been caught not prostrating himself before the image and thrown into the furnace together with them).

(c)Nevuchadnetzar viewed Daniel - as a god (even going so far as to prostrate himself in front of him).

(d)This explains the interest that ...

1. ... Daniel himself had to be out of the way - because he was afraid, that, due to the Pasuk in Va'eschanan "Pesilei Eloheihem Tisrefun ba'Eish", he would be burned as a punishment (for being worshipped as a god).

2. ... Nevuchadnetzar had to remove him from the scene - because he did not want people to say that he had burned his own god in fire.

5)

(a)Who were Achav ben Kulyah and Tzidkiyah ben Ma'aseyah?

(b)After portraying them as a public curse, the Pasuk writes about them "Asher Kalam Melech Bavel". How does Rebbi Yochanan in the name of Rebbi Shimon ben Yochai explain the Lashon "Kalam" (rather than 'Sarfam')?

(c)What (final) disgusting thing did they do?

(d)How did Nevuchadnetzar react when his daughter reported their visit to him?

5)

(a)Achav ben Kulyah and Tzidkiyah ben Ma'aseyah were - false prophets.

(b)After portraying them as a public curse, the Pasuk writes about them "Asher Kalam Melech Bavel", which Rebbi Yochanan in the name of Rebbi Shimon ben Yochai explains to mean that - they were burned to a cinder (hence the Lashon "Kalam" [rather than 'Sarfam'], from the word 'K'layos', ears of corn, that are generally roasted).

(c)The (final) disgusting thing they did - was to visit Nevuchadnetzar's daughter, when each one tried to convince her, in the Name of Hash-m, to be intimate with his colleague.

(d)When Nevuchadnetzar's daughter reported their visit to her father - he instructed her to send them to him.

6)

(a)What did they reply when Nevuchadnetzar told them that ...

1. ... Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah had informed him that what they planned to do was prohibited?

2. ... he would put them to the test by throwing them into the furnace, to see whether they would too, survive, like the three Tzadikim had?

(b)When Nevuchadnetzar then gave his consent to pick anyone they wished, in order to make up the threesome, whom did they choose? What did they expect to happen?

(c)What do we learn from the Pasuk in Zecharyah "ha'Lo Zeh Ud Mutzal me'Eish"? Who was the "Ud Mutzal me'Eish"?

(d)How did he explain to Nevuchadnetzer the fact that his clothes were burned, whereas the clothes of ...

1. ... Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah were not?

2. ... Avraham Avinu were not?

(e)What adage emerges from this in connection with two dry logs and one wet one?

6)

(a)When Nevuchadnetzar told them that ...

1. ... Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah had informed him that what they planned to do was prohibited, they replied that - they were as much prophets as Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah were, and that Hash-m had revealed this to them and not to Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah.

2. ... he would put them to the test by throwing them into furnace, to see whether they too, would survive, like the three Tzadikim had - they replied that this was unfair, since the first ones were three (whose triple merits saved them), whereas they were only two.

(b)When Nevuchadnetzar then gave his consent to pick anyone they wished to make up the threesome - they chose Yehoshua Kohen Gadol, thinking that they would be saved on his merit.

(c)We learn from the Pasuk "ha'Lo Zeh Ud Mutzal me'Eish" - that although Yehoshua Kohen Gadol himself emerged from the furnace intact, his clothes were scorched (hence he is referred to as an "Ud Mutzal me'Eish" [a log saved from the fire]).

(d)He explained to Nevuchadnetzar that his clothes were burned, whereas the clothes of ...

1. ... Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah were not - because they were three Tdadikim, whereas he was only one.

2. ... Avraham Avinu were not - because Avraham in the furnace was not in the company of Resha'im, whereas he was.

(e)The adage that emerges from this is - that 'Two dry logs cause a wet one to become scorched'.

7)

(a)In spite of Yehoshua Kohen Gadol's own explanation of why his clothes were scorched, how does Rav Papa explain it? What sin had he preformed that warranted it?

(b)How is this hinted in the Pasuk? What does the Navi describe Yehoshua Kohen Gadol as wearing?

7)

(a)) In spite of Yehoshua Kohen Gadol's own explanation of why his clothes were scorched, Rav Papa explains that - it was an act of Divine retribution for allowing his sons to marry women who were not fitting for the Kehunah, without rebuking them.

(b)This is even hinted in the Pasuk, where the Navi describes Yehoshua Kohen Gadol as wearing - dirty clothes, which cannot be taken literally, and must mean that although he himself was clean, his clothes were not (an allusion to his sons who had sinned, even though he had not).

93b----------------------------------------93b

8)

(a)Rebbi Tanchum cites bar Kapara in Tzipori, who discusses the Pasuk in Rus "Sheish Se'orim ha'Eileh Nasan li Bo'az". What problem does bar Kapara have with explaining the six barleys to mean ...

1. ... literally six grains of barley?

2. ... six Sa'in of barley (1 Sa'ah = 144 egg-volumes)?

(b)Why can the Pasuk not be referring to six Kabin or six Lugin (1 Lug = 6 egg-volumes [which is feasible for a woman to carry])?

(c)So what *does* the Pasuk mean? How much did Bo'az in fact, give Rus?

(d)Three of the Tzadikim hinted there were David, Mashi'ach and Daniel. Who were the other three?

8)

(a)Rebbi Tanchum cites bar Kapara in Tzipori, who discusses the Pasuk "Sheish Se'orim ha'Eileh Nasan li Bo'az". The problem bar Kapara has with explaining the six barleys to mean ...

1. ... literally six grains of barley is that - Bo'az would never have given Rus such a miserly gift, particularly in view of the Mishnah in Pe'ah, which specifies the minimum gift to a poor person in the barn as six Kabin (1 Kav = 24 egg-volumes).

2. ... six Sa'in (1 Sa'ah = 144 egg-volumes) of barley is that - this is far too much to expect a woman to carry.

(b)Neither can the Pasuk be referring to six Kabin or six Lugin (1 Lug = 6 egg-volumes [which *is* feasible for a woman to carry]) - because one only tends to bring Sa'in into the barn, and not other measurements (see also Agados Maharsha at the end of Amud Alef).

(c)What the Pasuk must therefore mean is that - Bo'az gave Rus six barley grains, but not to sustain her, only as a hint that six great Tzadikim would descend from her, each of whom would be blessed with six B'rachos.

(d)Three of the Tzadikim hinted there were David, Mashi'ach and Daniel. The other three were - Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah.

9)

(a)The six B'rachos of David are contained in the Pasuk in Shmuel "va'Ya'an Echad me'ha'Ne'arim va'Yomer 'Hinei Ra'isi ben le'Yishai Beis-ha'Lachmi ... ' ". In what context did 'the lad' say this?

(b)Rav Yehudah Amar Rav explains the six B'rachos. If by "Yode'a Nagein", 'the lad' meant that David knew how to ask Kashyos, what did he mean by "ve'Gibor Chayil"?

(c)And what did he mean when he said ...

1. ..."ve'Ish Milchamah"?

2. ... "ve'Navon Davar"?

(d)"ve'Ish To'ar" means that he could prove his point down to the Halachah. What does "va'Hashem Imo" mean?

9)

(a)The six B'rachos of David are contained in the Pasuk in Shmuel "va'Ya'an Echad me'ha'Ne'arim va'Yomer 'Hinei Ra'isi ben le'Yishai Beis-ha'Lachmi ... ' ". 'The lad' said this - because Shaul was beset by an evil spirit and was looking for a harpist to remove it.

(b)Rav Yehudah Amar Rav explains the six B'rachos. By "Yode'a Nagein", 'the lad' meant that David knew how to ask Kashyos, and by "ve'Gibor Chayil" that - he also knew how to give answers.

(c)When he said ...

1. ..."ve'Ish Milchamah", he meant that - he knew how to 'fight the battles of Torah' (Pilpul)

2. ... "ve'Navon Davar" that - he was able to extrapolate one thing from another (Meivin Davar mi'Toch Davar).

(d)"ve'Ish To'ar" means that he could prove his point down to the Halachah, and "va'Hashem Imo" that - the Halachah was always like him.

10)

(a)What was Shaul's response to all this? What did he say about his son Yonasan?

(b)What is the significance of the Pasuk in Shmuel ...

1. ... (in connection with Shaul) "u've'Chol asher Yifneh Yarshi'a"?

2. ... (in connection with David) 'u've'Chol asher Yifneh Yatzli'ach' (the actual quotation is "be'Chol Derachav Maskil")?

(c)What was the name of the 'lad' who told Shaul about David? What does "Abir ha'Ro'im mean" (see Rashi in Shmuel)?

(d)Why does Rav Yehudah refer to his statement as Lashon ha'Ra?

10)

(a)Shaul's response to all this was that - his son Yonasan possessed all those qualities, all that is, except for the last one, which even he himself did not possess.

(b)The significance of the Pasuk ...

1. ... (in connection with Shaul) "u've'Chol asher Yifneh Yarshi'a" is - proof of what we just said (because if Shaul himself transgressed the Torah [see Agados Maharsha], then the Halachah would obviously not have been like him [like Rebbi Eliezer, like whom we do not generally rule because he was in Cherem]).

2. ... (in connection with David) "u've'Chol asher Yifneh Yatzli'ach" (the true quotation is "be'Chol Derachav Maskil") is that - the Halachah is always like him.

(c)The 'lad' who told Shaul about David was - Do'eg ha'Edomi, an outstanding Talmid-Chacham who was the Av Beis-Din of the Beis-Din ha'Gadol.

(d)Rav Yehudah refers to his statement as Lashon ha'Ra - because, in spite of his status, he heaped all these praises on David (see Agados Maharsha) in order to kindle the spark of jealousy in Shaul's heart, in the hope that he would subsequently kill him.

11)

(a)To whom does the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ve'Nachah alav Ru'ach Hash-m, Ru'ach Chochmah u'Vinah, Ru'ach Eitzah u'Gevurah" pertain?

(b)What are the two remaining B'rachos?

(c)Rebbi Alexandri explains the Pasuk there "ve'Hericho be'Yir'as Hash-m" to mean that he is loaded with Mitzvos and suffering. How does Rava explain it, based on the Pasuk there "ve'Lo le'Mar'eh Einav Yishpot ... "?

(d)Who was ben Kuziba? How long did he rule?

(e)Why did the Chachamim kill him?

11)

(a)The Pasuk "ve'Nachah alav Ru'ach Hash-m, Ru'ach Chochmah u'Vinah, Ru'ach Chochmah u'Vinah, Ru'ach Eitzah u'Gevurah" - pertains to Mashi'ach.

(b)The two remaining B'rachos are - "Ru'ach Da'as ve'Yir'as Hash-m"

(c)Rebbi Alexandri explains the Pasuk there "ve'Hericho be'Yir'as Hash-m" to mean that he is loaded with Mitzvos and suffering. According to Rava however, based on the Pasuk there "ve'Lo le'Mar'eh Einav Yishpot ... ", it means that - he will able to judge people with his sense of smell alone.

(d)ben Kuziba - ruled Yisrael after the dynasty of Hurdus (Herod) terminated, for two and a half years (Some say that he was alias bar-Kochba).

(e)The Chachamim killed him - because he claimed to be Mashi'ach, even though he was unable to judge by means of smell (see also Metzapeh Eisan).

12)

(a)About whom is the Pasuk in Daniel written "Asher Ein bahem Kol Me'um, ve'Tuvei Mar'eh, u'Maskilim be'Chol Chochmah, ve'Yod'ei Da'as, u'Mevinei Mada, va'Asher Ko'ach bahem La'amod be'Heichal ha'Melech ... "?

(b)What is the meaning of ...

1. ... "Asher Ein bahem Me'um?

2. ... "va'Asher Ko'ach bahem La'amod be'Heichal ha'Melech"? Which two things did they have to do for the long hours that they stood before Nevuchadnetzar, besides holding back their laughter and not talking, according to Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina?

(c)According to Rebbi Elazar, all four above-mentioned Tzadikim were from Yehudah. What does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni say? How will he then explain the six Tzadikim that would descend from Rus?

(d)The Navi Yeshayah told Chizkiyah ha'Melech that some of his descendants (Daniel, Chananya, Mishael and Azaryah) would be "Sarisim", which means eunuchs, according to Rav. Why did they do that to them?

12)

(a)The Pasuk in Daniel "Asher Ein bahem Kol Me'um, ve'Tuvei Mar'eh, u'Maskilim be'Chol Chochmah, ve'Yod'ei Da'as, u'Mevinei Mada, va'Asher Ko'ach bahem La'amod be'Heichal ha'Melech ... " - is written about Daniel, Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah.

(b)The meaning of ...

1. ... "Asher Ein bahem Me'um is - that they did not even have a puncture made by the lancet of a blood-letter (common practice in those days). See also Agados Maharsha.

2. ... "va'Asher Ko'ach Bahem La'amod be'Heichal ha'Melech" according to Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina, besides having to hold back their laughter and not talk is - that they had to stay awake and refrain from relieving themselves, for the long hours that they stood before Nevuchadnetzar.

(c)According to Rebbi Elazar, all four above-mentioned Tzadikim were from Yehudah. Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni however, maintains that - only Daniel was from the tribe of Yehudah. The other three were from other tribes. And as for the six Tzadikim that would descend from Rus, cited above - he does not subscribe to that opinion. Note, that a number of the forthcoming opinions disagree with statements made earlier.

(d)The Navi Yeshayah told Chizkiyah ha'Melech that some of his descendants (Daniel, Chananya, Mishael and Azaryah) would be "Sarisim", which means eunuchs, according to Rav. The reason that they did that to them is - because someone who has no family is better able to serve the king diligently (see Agados Maharsha).

13)

(a)How does Rebbi Chanina interpret "Sarisim"?

(b)How will Rav explain the Pasuk ...

1. ... that we quoted earlier "Asher Ein bahem Kol Me'um"?

2. ... "ve'Chaval Lo Isai b'hon" (which means that they were not wounded)?

3. ... "ve'Rei'ach Nur Lo Adas b'hon"?

(c)The Pasuk in Yeshayah writes (in reference to the above Tzadikim) "Koh Amar Hash-m la'Sarisim asher Yishmeru es Shabsosai ... ". How will Rav explain this Pasuk? Is it the way of Pesukim to refer to Tzadikim derogatively?

(d)And how will Rebbi Chanina (who does not hold that they were eunuchs) explain the Pasuk there "be'Veisi u've'Chomosai Yad va'Shem Tov mi'Banim u'mi'Banos" (implying that they could not have children), according to Rav Nachmen bar Yitzchak?

(e)And how does Rebbe Tanchum quoting bar Kapara in Tzipori, explain the end of that Pasuk "Shem Olam Eten lo asher Lo Yikares"? To whom does it refer?

13)

(a)Rebbi Chanina interprets "Sarisim" to mean that - Avodah-Zarah was uprooted (at the time of the episode with Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah).

(b)Rav will explain the Pasuk ...

1. ... that we quoted earlier "Asher Ein bahem Kol Me'um" to refer - specifically to the time that they were appointed (but not necessarily later).

2. ... "ve'Chaval Lo Isai b'hon" to mean that - they were not wounded by the fire.

3. ... "ve'Rei'ach Nur Lo Adas b'hon" to mean that - they were not even wounded by the smoke.

(c)Rav has no problem with the Pasuk "Koh Amar Hash-m la'Sarisim asher Yishmeru es Shabsosai ... ", in spite of its derogatory connotations - because in fact, he concedes that "Sarisim" also incorporates Rebbi Chanina's interpretation (the nullification of the Avodah-Zarah).

(d)According to Rav Nachmen bar Yitzchak, Rebbi Chanina (who does not hold that they were eunuchs) explains the Pasuk there "be'Veisi u've'Chomosai Yad va'Shem Tov mi'Banim u'mi'Banos" to mean (not that they could not have children, but) - that what Hash-m would yet give them would be better than the children that they had already had and who had died young.

(e)Rebbi Tanchum quoting bar Kapara in Tzipori, explains the end of that Pasuk "Shem Olam Eten lo asher Lo Yikares" to mean that - Daniel would merit a Seifer to be written in his name.

14)

(a)What does Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba learn from the Pasuk in Nechemyah "Zachrah li Elokai le'Tovah"? What is he coming to explain with that?

(b)But did David not also say "Zachreini Hash-m bi'Retzon Amecha"?

(c)Due to the previous Kashya, Rav Yosef disagrees with Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba. Why, according to him, was Nechemyah punished in this way? Who is included in "ve'ha'Pachos ha'Rishonim asher Lefanai"?

(d)We know that Daniel was greater than Nechemyah from the fact that he saw a vision, which the men who were with him were unable to see. Who were the men who were with him, according to Rebbi Yirmiyah (or Rebbi Chiya bar Aba)?

14)

(a)Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba learns from the Pasuk in Nechemyah "Zachrah li Elokai le'Tovah" that - Nechemyah patted himself on the back (by asking Hash-m to remember his good deeds), which is the reason why, despite the fact that the majority of Seifer Ezra was said by Nechemyah (see also Agados Maharsha), it is called Ezra (and Nechemyah in effect, does not have a Seifer called after him [even though most of the Seifer is unofficially referred to as 'Nechemyah']).

(b)Granted that David too, said "Zochreini Hash-m bi'Retzon Amecha" - but he was asking on the merits of Hash-m's mercy, not on that of his own good deeds.

(c)Due to the previous Kashya, Rav Yosef learns that - Nechemyah too, was asking on the merits of Hash-m's mercy, and the reason that he was punished in this way was - for speaking derogatively about his predecessors, including Daniel, who was greater than him, accusing them of not lowering the market prices of basic commodities.

(d)We know that Daniel was greater than Nechemyah from the fact that he saw a vision, which the men who were with him were unable to see. And those men, according to Rebbi Yirmiyah (or Rebbi Chiya bar Aba) were - Chagai, Zecharyah and Malachi, who were prophets (which Nechemyah was not).

15)

(a)Daniel was greater than Chagai, Zacharyah and Malachi in that he saw the vision, whereas they did not. In which way were they greater than him?

(b)Daniel and Nechemyah were not contemporaries. When did ...

1. ... Daniel arrive in Bavel?

2. ... Nechemyah leave Bavel?

15)

(a)Daniel was greater than Chagai, Zacharyah and Malachi in that he saw the vision, whereas they did not, and they were greater than him - inasmuch as they were Nevi'im, which he was not.

(b)Daniel and Nechemyah were not contemporaries. In fact ...

1. ... Daniel was exiled to Bavel with Yechonyah, eleven years before the Churban, whereas ...

2. ... Nechemyah led Yisrael out of Galus Bavel seventy years after the Churban.

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