1)

(a)According to the Tana Kama of our Mishnah, what does a king do (or not do) when one of his relations dies?

(b)How does Rebbi Yehudah prove otherwise from David Hamelech?

(c)How does the Tana Kama counter Rebbi Yehudah's proof?

(d)What procedure do they follow at the Se'udas Havra'ah?

1)

(a)According to the Tana Kama of our Mishnah, when one of the king's relations dies - he is not even permitted to leave the palace gates.

(b)Rebbi Yehudah proves otherwise from David Hamelech - who walked behind the coffin of Avner.

(c)The Chachamim counter Rebbi Yehudah's proof - by confining David's actions to that specific occasion, where he acted that way to demonstrate that he had no hand in Avner's assassination.

(d)At the Se'udas Havra'ah - it is the people who sit on the floor whilst the king sits on a Dargesh (a kind of bed which will be explained later).

2)

(a)How does Rebbi Yehudah prove from the same episode with Avner that women should walk in front of the coffin?

(b)What does the Tana Kama rule?

(c)How does he counter Rebbi Yehudah's proof?

(d)How do we know that King David's efforts in this regard were successful?

2)

(a)Rebbi Yehudah proves from the same episode with Avner, that women should walk in front of the coffin, because it is inconceivable that David, who walked behind Avner's coffin, should walk among the women.

(b)According to the Tana Kama - the women may walk behind the coffin or in front of it, as they please.

(c)David nevertheless insisted of walking behind the coffin to demonstrate his innocence as we just explained. So he walked from the men to the women and from the women to the men, so that everyone should see how distraught he was.

(d)We know that King David succeeded in his efforts - because the Pasuk goes on to state that all the people were convinced that David was not responsible for the assassination.

3)

(a)How does Rava explain the Pasuk in Shmuel "Vayavo Kol ha'Am Le'havros es David", which is written with a 'Chaf' ("Lehachros es David", in the form of a 'K'ri K'siv)?

(b)According to Rav Yehudah Amar Rav, Avner's murder was his punishment for not objecting to something that Shaul did. What was that?

(c)What does Rebbi Yitzchak say about that?

(d)They both learn their respective opinions from the Pasuk in Shmuel "ki'Nefol Lifnei b'nei Avlah Nafalta, Yadecha Lo Asuros, ve'Ragl'cha Lo li'Nechushtayim Hugashu". What does this mean, according to ...

1. ... Rav Yehudah Amar Rav?

2. ... Rebbi Yitzchak?

3)

(a)Rava explains the Pasuk "Vayavo Kol ha'Am Le'havros es David", which is written with a 'Chaf' ("Lehachros es David", in the form of a 'K'ri K'siv) - to teach us that although the people originally came to kill David (whom they thought had ordered the assassination of Avner), upon seeing David's behavior at the funeral, they realized that he was innocent, and they arranged for him a Se'udas Havra'ah instead.

(b)According to Rav Yehudah Amar Rav, Avner's murder was his punishment for not objecting at what Shaul did - namely, killing the inhabitants of Nov, the town of Kohanim (see Agados Maharsha).

(c)Rebbi Yitzchak maintains - that he did object, only Shaul refused to listen to him.

(d)They both learn their respective opinions from the Pasuk in Shmuel "ki'Nefol Lifnei B'nei Avlah Nafalta, Yadecha Lo Asuros, ve'Ragl'cha Lo li'Nechushtayim Hugashu", which means, according to ...

1. ... Rav Yehudah Amar Rav means - that he deserved to fall in such a disgusting way, because when Shaul ordered Do'eg to kill the inhabitants of Nov, he (Avner) was not tied up or in fetters, and could easily have objected.

2. ... Rebbi Yitzchak it means - that the Navi actually asks in surprise why he died in that way, with his hands and feet free, seeing as he had objected to Shaul's deed.

4)

(a)According to Rebbi Yitzchak, to what does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak attribute Avner's assassination?

(b)How many years elapsed between the death of Shaul and the attempt of Ish Boshes to seize the throne?

(c)What did David ha'Melech, who had already been crowned, do during those seven and a half years?

4)

(a)According to Rebbi Yitzchak, Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak attributes Avner's assassination - to his having backed Shaul's son Ish Boshes to succeed the throne, thereby postponing David's ascent to the throne by two and a half years).

(b)Five years elapsed between the death of Shaul and the attempt of Ish Boshes to seize the throne.

(c)During those seven and a half years, David ha'Melech, who had already been crowned - ruled over Chevron.

5)

(a)Ula initially interprets a Dargesh (the bed on which the king sits during his Se'udas Havra'ah) as 'Arsa de'Gada'. What is Arsa de'Gada?

(b)On what grounds does Rava overrule the objection to this explanation that, seeing as the Aveil did not sit on such a bed until now, why would we make him sit on it now?

(c)Why do we then object to this explanation based on the Beraisa that obligates an Aveil to overturn all the beds in his house?

(d)We overrule this objection too however, on the basis of another Beraisa, which precludes beds that are designated for vessels from the previous ruling. How does that justify our refutation of the earlier objection?

5)

(a)Ula initially interpret a Dargesh (the bed on which the king sits during his Se'udas Havra'ah) as Arsa de'Gada - which is a bed for Mazel (but not to sleep on).

(b)Rava overrules the objection to this explanation that seeing as the Aveil has not sat on such a bed until now, why would we make him sit on it now - because it is no worse than the comforters serving him food and drink, even though this never happened to him before.

(c)We object to the suggestion, based on the Beraisa that obligates an Aveil to overturn all the beds in his house - which incorporates such a bed as well.

(d)We overrule this objection however, on the basis of another Beraisa, which precludes beds that are designated for vessels from the previous ruling (since they are not made for sleeping) - which would include an Arsa de'Gada.

6)

(a)We query the current interpretation of Dargesh however, from the Beraisa of Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel 'Dargesh, Matir Karbitin, ve'hu Nofel Me'eilehah'. What is the problem from there?

(b)When Ravin came from Eretz Yisrael, he quoted Rav Tachlifa, who, citing the leather merchants, interpreted Dargesh as 'Arsa de'Tzala'. What is Arsa de'Tzala?

(c)Why do the Chachamim then exempt it from being overturned?

(d)Why does this problem not exist by an ordinary bed?

(e)So how did they solve the problem, according to ...

1. ... the Chachamim?

2. ... Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel?

6)

(a)We query the current interpretation of however, from the Beraisa of Raban Shimon ben Gamliel 'Dargesh, Matir Karbitin, ve'Hu Nofel Me'eilehah' - and an Arsa de'Gada does not have loops to untie.

(b)When Ravin came from Eretz Yisrael, he quoted Rav Tachlifa, who citing the leather merchants, interpreted Dargesh as Arsa de'Tzala - which is a leather bed with straps and loops, which one uses to put it up by tying the straps through the holes in the poles of the bed.

(c)The Chachamim exempted it from being overturned - because the leather top would then get spoiled in the moist of the ground.

(d)This problem does not exist by an ordinary bed - because the bed-posts rise above the level of the bed (which is not the case by a Dargesh).

(e)So they simply ..

1. ... up-ended the Dargesh, according to the Chachamim.

2. ... untied its loops allowing it to collapse, according to Raban Shimon ben Gamliel (as we just learned in the Beraisa).

7)

(a)How does Rebbi Yirmiyah Amar Rebbi Yochanan initially explain the difference between a Dargesh and a bed, by the location of the strings that tie it?

(b)How do we refute this explanation from the Beraisa 'K'lei Eitz Me'eimasai Mekablin Tum'ah? ha'Mitah ... mi'she'Yeshufem be'Or ha'Dag'?

(c)We therefore conclude that in both cases, the strings pass through holes in the middle of the poles. Then what distinguishes them?

(d)Rebbi Ya'akov Amar Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi rules like Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel in the previous Beraisa. What does Rebbi Ya'akov bar Ami say about a two-poster bed in the house of an Aveil?

7)

(a)Initially, to define the difference between a Dargesh and a bed, Rebbi Yirmiyah Amar Rebbi Yochanan explains - that the strings that tie the former pass through holes in the middle of the poles that form the frame, whereas those of a bed are wound around them.

(b)We refute the current interpretation of Dargesh however, from the Beraisa 'K'lei Eitz Me'eimasai Mekablin Tum'ah ha'Mitah ... mi'she'Yeshufem be'Or ha'Dag' - because if the strings were to pass over the top of the poles, why would they (the poles) require smoothening, seeing as they would not be visible anyway?

(c)We therefore conclude that in both cases, the strings pass through the bed-posts, and not over the top, only whereas the the strings of the bed pass through a hole in the actual poles, those of the Dargesh pass through loops that hang from them.

(d)Rebbi Ya'akov Amar Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi rules like Raban Shimon ben Gamliel in the previous Beraisa. Rebbi Ya'akov bar Ami rules that a two-poster bed in the house of an Aveil (which cannot be overturned) - only needs to be up-ended.

20b----------------------------------------20b

8)

(a)Whose consent does a king need to lead Yisrael into battle? What sort of battle are we talking about?

(b)Why does the Tana find it necessary to repeat this Halachah, seeing as we have already learned it at the beginning of the first Perek?

(c)What unique right does our Mishnah give a king?

(d)What does the Tana mean when he says 'Derech ha'Melech Ein lo Shiur'?

(e)How does this tie up with the previous ruling?

8)

(a)To lead Yisrael into a Milchemes ha'Reshus - the king needs the consent of the Sanhedrin ha'Gadol.

(b)The Tana repeats this Halachah, despite the fact that we have already learned it at the beginning of the first Perek - because it fits into the list of Halachos pertaining to a king.

(c)Our Mishnah gives a king the right - to break a passage through someone else's property to get to his own.

(d)When the Tana says 'Derech ha'Melech Ein Lo Shiur', he means - that the king's road does not have a fixed measure ...

(e)... in which case, the passage that he is permitted to breach can be as wide as he needs.

9)

(a)What does the Tana say about war spoils (in connection with the king)?

(b)What did Shmuel comment about the list of warnings that Shmuel ha'Navi issued to the people, such as taking their children to drive his chariots?

(c)What did Rav say?

(d)This point is already a Machlokes between Rebbi Yossi (Shmuel) and Rebbi Yehudah (Rav). Which three Mitzvos did Rebbi Yehudah there list, following Yisrael's entry into Eretz Yisrael?

(e)How do we know that all three Mitzvos were in fact, connected with their entry into Eretz Yisrael?

9)

(a)The Tana obligates the army to place all war spoils at the disposal of the king, giving him the first choice to take as much as half.

(b)Shmuel commented that the list of warnings that Shmuel ha'Navi issued to the people, such as taking their children to drive his chariots - was Halachah, and that the king had a mandate to put it into practice.

(c)According to Rav - the Navi only said this to frighten the people, but not to permit the king to act on it.

(d)This point is already a Machlokes between Rebbi Yossi (Shmuel) and Rebbi Yehudah (Rav) in a Beraisa. The three Mitzvos that Rebbi Yehudah there listed, following Yisrael's entry into Eretz Yisrael are - to appoint a king, to destroy Amalek and to build the Beis-Hamikdash.

(e)We know that all three Mitzvos were in fact, connected with their entry into Eretz Yisrael - because the Torah writes 'Yerushah and Yeshivah' in connection with each of them.

10)

(a)With which of the above three Mitzvos does Rebbi Nehora'i disagree? What does he say?

(b)What compromise does Rebbi Elazar in another Beraisa make in this matter? How does he distinguish between two groups to explain this?

(c)What does Rebbi Yossi in a third Beraisa, learn from the juxtaposition of the two Pesukim ...

1. ... (in Beshalach) "Ki Yad al Keis Kah" and "Milchamah la'Hashem ba'Amalek"? From where do we know that this Pasuk refers to a king?

2. ... (in Re'ei) "ve'Heini'ach lachem mi'Kol Oyveichem mi'Saviv ... " and "Ve'hayah ha'Makom asher Yivchar Hash-m"?

(d)Which king attempted to fulfill this sequence?

10)

(a)Rebbi Nehora'i disagrees with - the first of the above three Mitzvos which, in his opinion, is not a Mitzvah, but Hash-m's response to their ill-worded request.

(b)Rebbi Elazar in another Beraisa make a compromise, inasmuch as - the elders asked correctly for a king (to judge them and to punish the evil-doers), and it was the rest of the people who sinned, by asking for a king to fight their battles (a task that Hash-m would otherwise have handled alone).

(c)Rebbi Yossi in a third Beraisa, learns from the juxtaposition of the two Pesukim ...

1. ... in Beshalach "Ki Yad al Keis Kah" and "Milchamah la'Hashem ba'Amalek" - that appointing a king takes precedence over fighting against Amalek. And we know that this Pasuk is referring to a king, because of another Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim "Va'yeishev Shlomoh al Kisei Hash-m" (from we learn that "Kisei" means Melech).

2. ... in Re'ei "ve'Heini'ach Lachem mi'Kol Oyveichem mi'Saviv ... Ve'hayah ha'Makom Asher Yivchar Hash-m" - that destroying Amalek takes precedence over building the Beis-Hamikdash.

(d)David Hamelech actually fulfilled this sequence - because after he had defeated his enemies and established peace in the land, he asked Nasan ha'Navi about building the Beis-Hamikdash.

11)

(a)How does Resh Lakish reconcile the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim "Va'yeishev Shlomoh al Kisei Hash-m" with the Pasuk in Melachim, which teaches us that he ruled from Tifsah to Azah?

(b)Rav and Shmuel argue over Tifsah and Azah. According to one of them, they are on opposite sides of the globe. What does the other one say?

(c)Either way, what is the Pasuk coming to teach us?

(d)Based on the previous Pasuk, what do we then learn from the sequence of the Pesukim in Koheles "Ani Koheles hayisi Melech al Yisrael", "Divrei Koheles ben David Melech bi'Yerushalayim", "Hinei Mitaso she'li'Shelomoh ... " (in Shir Hashirim), and "Zeh hayah Chelki mi'Kol Amali" (in Koheles)?

11)

(a)To reconcile the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim "Va'yeishev Shlomoh al Kisei Hash-m" with the Pasuk in Melachim which teaches us that he ruled from Tifsah to Azah, Resh Lakish explains - that first (before he married foreign women) Sh'lomoh ruled over the heavenly bodies as well, and afterwards, he ruled only over the earth.

(b)Rav and Shmuel argue over Tifsah and Azah. According to one of them, they were on opposite sides of the globe, according to the other - they were next to each other.

(c)Either way, the Pasuk is coming to teach us - that just as he ruled over Tifsah and Azah, so too, did he rule over the whole world (i.e. the area in between).

(d)Based on the previous Pasuk, we learn from the sequence of the Pesukim starting with this Pasuk, followed by "Ani Koheles Hayisi Melech al Yisrael", "Divrei Koheles ben David Melech bi'Yerushalayim", Hinei Mitaso she'li'Shelomoh ... " and "Zeh Hayah Chelki mi'Kol Amali" - that first he ruled over the whole world, then over Yisrael, then over Yerushalayim, and finally, only over his stick.

12)

(a)Rav and Shmuel argue over the last item. One of them interprets it as 'Maklo' (as we explained). The other, as 'Gundo'. What is Gundo?

(b)According to Rav Hai Gaon, this ought to read 'Makeidah'. What is Makeidah?

(c)They also argue over whether Shlomoh returned to the throne. One describes him as 'Melech ve'Hedyot. What does the other one describe him as?

(d)Who dethroned him in the first place?

12)

(a)Rav and Shmuel argue over the last item. One of them interprets it as 'Maklo' (as we explained). The other, as 'Gundo' - which means 'his cloak'.

(b)And according to Rav Hai Gaon, this ought to read 'Makeidah' which is an earthenware vessel.

(c)They also argue as to whether Shlomoh returned to the throne. One describes him 'Melech ve'Hedyot' (implying that he never returned to his throne) - the other - as 'Melech ve'Hedyot u'Melech' (implyin that he did).

(d)He was dethroned (and replaced) - by Ashmodai, king of the demons.

13)

(a)We learned earlier that the war spoils are divided between the king and the people. Which part of the spoils went entirely to the king?

(b)What does Rav Dimi (or Rav Acha) learn from the Pasuk ...

1. ... in Divrei Hayamim "Va'yimsh'chu la'Hashem le'Nagid u'le'Tzadok le'Kohen"?

2. ... in Emor "Ve'haysah le'Aharon u'le'Vanav"?

13)

(a)We learned earlier that the war spoils are divided (equally) among the king and the people. Whatever was taken from the enemy king's treasury - went entirely to him.

(b)Rav Dimi (or Rav Acha) learns from the Pasuk ...

1. ... in Divrei Hayamim "Va'yimsh'chu la'Hashem le'Nagid u'le'Tzadok le'Kohen" - that just as Tzadok (the Kohen Gadol) divided the Korbanos equally together with the rest of the Kohanim, so too did the king (as we just explained).

2. ... "Ve'haysah le'Aharon u'le'Vanav" - that the Kohen Gadol shares the Korbanos equally with the other Kohanim.

OTHER D.A.F. RESOURCES ON THIS DAF