1)

(a)Rebbi Yochanan lists Rebbi, Rebbi Yehudah ben Ro'etz, Beis Shamai, Rebbi Shimon and Rebbi Akiva (in connection with what we just learned). What do they all hold?

(b)The Torah writes in Tazri'a (in connection with the birth of a girl) "ve'Tam'ah Shevu'ayim ke'Nidasah". What did the Talmidim suggest to Rebbi Yehudah ben Ro'etz?

(c)How did he initially refute their suggestion, based on the equivalent days of Tum'ah of a boy

(d)He ran after them however, to tell them an even better explanation. What was that?

1)

(a)Rebbi Yochanan lists Rebbi (whom we just discussed), Rebbi Yehudah ben Ro'etz, Beis Shamai, Rebbi Shimon and Rebbi Akiva, who all hold - "Yesh Eim la'Mikra".

(b)The Torah writes in Tazri'a (in connection with the birth of a girl) "ve'Tam'ah *Shevu'ayim* ke'Nidasah". In a Beraisa, the Talmidim suggested to Rebbi Yehudah ben Ro'etz that - the word (which is missing a 'Vav') should really be read "Shiv'im", meaning that the birth of a girl renders the mother Tamei for seventy days.

(c)Initially, he answered them that - it stands to reason that, just as the days of Taharah following the birth of a girl are double those of a boy (sixty-six against thirty-three), so too, should it be with regard to the days of Tum'ah after the birth of a girl (fourteen against seven, and not seventy).

(d)He ran after them however, to tell them an even better explanation - that 'Yesh Eim le'Mikra' (and it is read "Shevu'ayim").

2)

(a)In a Mishnah in Zevachim, Beis Shamai agree with Beis Hillel that the blood of any Korban that is placed on the outer (copper) Mizbe'ach atones with just one placing of blood. What does 'any Korban' mean in this context?

(b)How do they learn it from the Pasuk "ve'Dam Zevachecha Yishafech al Yesod ha'Mizbeach"?

(c)What do Beis Shamai hold regarding the blood of a Chatas?

(d)What do Beis Hillel say?

2)

(a)In a Mishnah in Zevachim, Beis Shamai agree with Beis Hillel that the blood of any Korban that is placed on the outer (copper) Mizbe'ach atones with just one placing of blood. In this context, 'any Korban' means - an Olah, a Shelamim and an Asham (which Lechatchilah require two Matanos).

(b)They learn it from - the Pasuk in Re'ei "ve'Dam Zevachecha Yishafech al Yesod ha'Mizbeach" - implying just once.

(c)According to Beis Shamai, the blood of a Chatas (which Lechatchilah requires four Matanos) - requires at least two Matanos (Bedi'eved).

(d)Beis Hillel - ascribe the same Din to a Chatas as to the other Korbanos (that one Matanah will suffice Bedieved).

3)

(a)According to Rav Huna, Beis-Shamai's ruling is based on the triple "Karnos" that occurs in Vayikra. What does he mean by that?

(b)How do they now learn two Matanos from there?

(c)How do Beis-Hillel learn from the same words that one Matanah will suffice?

(d)On what grounds do Beis-Hillel decline to learn that all four are a Mitzvah Lechatchilah, but do not hold back the Mitzvah Bedieved?

3)

(a)According to Rav Huna, Beis-Shamai's ruling is based on the triple "Karnos" that occurs in Vayikra, by which he means that - they Darshen the three words the way they are read (even though two of them are missing a 'Vav') ...

(b)... making a total of six Keranos, Lechatchilah four, Bedieved, two.

(c)Beis-Hillel learn from the same words, that one Matanah will suffice - because, they go after the Masores (the spelling), making a total of four Matanos, three of them Lechatchilah, and one Bedieved.

(d)Beis-Hillel decline to learn that all four are a Mitzvah Lechatchilah, but do not hold back the Mitzvah Bedieved - because without at least one Matanah, there would be nothing with which to merit an atonement.

4)

(a)The Tana Kama in a Beraisa requires two full-length walls of a Succah, plus a third wall of a Tefach. What does Rebbi Shimon say?

(b)What is the source of the one-Tefach wall?

(c)Based on the triple "ba'Succos" (in Parshas Emor), what is the basis of the Machlokes between Rebbi Shimon and the Rabbanan? How ...

1. ... do the Rabbanan explain the Pesukim?

2. ... does Rebbi Shimon explain them?

(d)On what basis do we deduct one wall according to the Chachamim, and two, according to Rebbi Shimon?

4)

(a)The Tana Kama in the Beraisa requires two full-length walls of a Succah, plus a third wall of a Tefach. According to Rebbi Shimon - a Succah requires three full-length walls, plus a fourth wall of a Tefach.

(b)The source of the one-Tefach wall is - 'Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai'.

(c)Based on the triple "ba'Succos" (in Parshas Emor), the Machlokes between Rebbi Shimon and the Rabbanan - is based on the fact that the first two times, the word is written without a 'Vav', leaving ...

1. ... four walls according to the Rabbanan who go after the Masores and who deduct one (as we will explain shortly). Comes the 'Halachah ... ' and, reduces the third wall to a Tefach.

2. ... six walls according to Rebbi Shimon, who goes after the Mikra, according to whom we then deduct two, as we will explain). Comes the Halachah ... and reduces the fourth wall to a Tefach.

(d)We deduct one wall according to the Chachamim, and two, according to Rebbi Shimon - because we need the first "ba'Succos" to teach us the basic Halachah, (due to the principle 'Ein Dorshin Techilos, as we learned learier).

5)

(a)What does Rebbi Akiva in a Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Emor "ve'al Kol Nafshos Meis Lo Yavo"?

(b)What do the Rabbanan say?

(c)What is the basis of their Machlokes?

5)

(a)Rebbi Akiva in a Beraisa learns from the Pasuk "ve'al Kol Nafshos Meis Lo Yavo" - that if one Revi'is (of a Lug [that constitutes life]) flows even from two corpses, it renders someone under the same roof Tamei Meis.

(b)According to the Rabbanan - the blood must come from one corpse ...

(c)... because they go after the Masores, and the word "Nafshos" is spelt without a 'Vav' (implying one corpse), whereas Rebbi Akiva goes after the Mikra, which is plural.

6)

(a)What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Mishpatim "Lo Sevashel G'di ba'Chaleiv Imo"?

(b)Why can the Torah not be referring to cooking a kid in its mother's Cheilev (fat)?

(c)What does Rav Acha bar Ya'akov extrapolate from this Beraisa?

(d)If everyone holds 'Yesh Eim le'Mikra', why do the Rabbanan not require five judges for Mamonos, like Rebbi, who Darshens from the Mikra ("Asher Yarshi'un Elohim") that a second pair of judges is required?

6)

(a)The Beraisa learns from the Pasuk "Lo Sevashel G'di ba'Chaleiv Imo" - the prohibition of cooking meat together with milk.

(b)The Torah cannot be referring to cooking a kid in its mother's Cheilev (fat) - because the word is read "ba'Chaleiv Imo" (meaning in the milk of its mother) and not "be'Cheilev Imo" (in its mother's fat).

(c)Rav Acha bar Ya'akov extrapolates from this Beraisa - that everyone holds 'Yesh Eim le'Mikra'.

(d)Neverthess, the Rabbanan do not require five judges for Mamonos, like Rebbi, who learns from "Asher Yarshi'un Elohim" a second pair of judges - because, in their opinion, this Pasuk is not coming to add new judges, but refers to the same two judges as "ad ha'Elohim Yavo D'var Sheneihem".

4b----------------------------------------4b

7)

(a)By the same token, we conclude that in fact, the Rabbanan concur with Rebbi Yehudah ben Ro'etz that "ve'Tam'ah Shevu'ayim ... " by the birth of a girl means fourteen days. What do Beis Hillel now learn from "ve'Chiper", "ve'Chiper", "ve'Chiper", written by various Chata'os Beheimah?

(b)We could also learn this by means of Damim le'Ma'alah from Damim le'Matah, which we interpret to mean the blood that is sprinkled above the red thread from the blood that is sprinkled below it. What ...

1. ... does this mean?

2. ... else might it mean?

(c)Why do we then need the triple "ve'Chiper" to teach us that only one Matanah is crucial. From where might we have learned otherwise?

(d)Would it not be better to learn Chutz (Korbanos whose blood is sprinkled in the Azarah) from Chutz, rather than from P'nim (Korbanos whose blood is sprinkled inside)?

7)

(a)By the same token, we conclude that in fact, the Rabbanan concur with Rebbi Yehudah ben Ro'etz that "ve'Tam'ah Shevu'ayim ... " by the birth of a girl means fourteen days. Beis Hillel now learn from "ve'Chiper", "ve'Chiper", "ve'Chiper" (written by various Chata'os Beheimah) - that even though he only sprinkled the blood of a Chatas three times, twice or even only once, the Kaparah takes effect.

(b)We could also learn this by means of Damim le'Ma'alah from Damim le'Matah, which we interpret to mean the blood that is sprinkled above the red thread from the blood that is sprinkled below it, from which we either learn ...

1. ... the Chatas (whose blood is sprinkled above the red thread) from the blood of the other Korbanos (whose blood is sprinkled below it [and which only requires one Matanah Bedieved; or ... ...

2. ... we learn the blood of a Chatas Beheimah, which is mentioned above, from that of a Chatas ha'Of, which is mentioned below, or from the Ashamos, which are mentioned below (at the end of the Parshah [though we prefer the first-quoted explanation]), all of which only require one Matanah.

(c)We nevertheless need the triple "ve'Chiper" to teach us that only one Matanah is crucial - because otherwise, we would have learned from the Chata'os ha'Penimiyos (on Yom Kipur [whose blood is brought inside]), where every Matanah is crucial.

(d)Granted, it might be better to learn Chutz (Korbanos whose blood is sprinkled in the Azarah) from Chutz, rather than from P'nim (Korbanos whose blood is sprinkled inside) - but on the other hand, it might be better to learn a Chatas which is sprinkled on the Keren from a Chatas which is sprinkled on the Keren rather than from other Korbanos which are not sprinkled on other parts of the Mizbe'ach.

8)

(a)If everyone holds 'Yesh Eim le'Mikra', why do the Rabbanan ...

1. ... not agree with Rebbi Shimon that a Succah requires four walls? What will they learn instead from the third "ba'Succos"?

2. ... not agree with Rebbi Akiva that a Revi'is of blood from two corpses is Metamei be'Ohel? How will they interpret "ve'Al Kol Nafshos Meis Lo Yavo"?

(b)From where will Rebbi Shimon then learn that a Succah needs S'chach?

8)

(a)Even though everyone holds 'Yesh Eim le'Mikra', the Rabbanan nevertheless ...

1. ... disagree with Rebbi Shimon that a Succah requires four walls - because they learn from the third "ba'Succos" that a Succah requires S'chach.

2. ... disagree with Rebbi Akiva that a Revi'is of blood from two corpses is Metamei be'Ohel - because they will interpret "ve'Al Kol Nafshos Meis Lo Yavo" to mean that one may not become Tamei be'Ohel through one of the many corpses in the world.

(b)Rebbi Shimon - takes for granted that a Succah needs S'chach, because that is why it is called a 'Succah'.

9)

(a)What does Rebbi Yishmael learn from the triple "le'Totafos" (in Parshas Bo, va'Eschanan and Eikev, in connection with Tefilin)?

(b)On what grounds does Rebbi Akiva dispute this?

(c)So from where does he learn the four Parshiyos?

9)

(a)Rebbi Yishmael learns from the triple "le'Totafos" (in Parshas Bo, Va'eschanan and Eikev, in connection with Tefilin) that - Tefilin comprise four Parshiyos (since two of the three are written without a 'Vav'.

(b)Rebbi Akiva maintains that - this is not necessary, meaning that one cannot learn the four Parshiyos from there, because, as we see from our Sugya, he holds 'Yesh Eim li'Masores, in which case, if anything, we ought to learn from here that Tefilin comprise six Parshiyos.

(c)So he learns the four Parshiyos - from the word "Totafos", which is an acronym for 'Tat' 'Pas', each of which means two (one in the Kaspi language, the other, in ancient African).

10)

(a)What can we extrapolate from Rebbi Yishmael that creates a problem with what we just learned?

(b)So we revert to our original interpretation, that the Rabbanan do indeed hold 'Yesh Eim li'Masores'. How do we then attempt to explain the Beraisa of Cheilev? Why does everyone agree there that 'Yesh Eim le'Mikra'?

10)

(a)We can extrapolate from Rebbi Yishmael that - there are proponents of 'Yesh Eim li'Masores' after all, creating a problem with what we just learned (that everyone holds 'Yesh Eim le'Mikra').

(b)So we revert to our original interpretation, that the Rabbanan do indeed hold 'Yesh Eim li'Masores'. And we attempt to ascribe the reason that, in the Beraisa of Cheilev everyone holds 'Yesh Eim le'Mikra' - to the fact that the Masores there does not clash with the Mikra.

11)

(a)We query this however, from a Beraisa in connection with the Mitzvah of 'Re'iyah' (appearing in the Beis-ha'Mikdash on Yom-Tov). What does Rebbi Yehudah ben Dahavai quoting Rebbi Yehudah ben Teima learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei "Yera'eh Kol Zechurcha"?

(b)How does he learn it from there?

(c)What does this finally prove?

(d)In that case, why do the proponents of 'Yesh Eim li'Masores' not also forbid cooking Cheilev rather than milk, together with meat?

11)

(a)We query this however, from a Beraisa, where Rebbi Yehudah ben Dahavai quoting Rebbi Yehudah ben Teima learns from the Pasuk "Yera'eh Kol Zechurcha" that - someone who is blind in one eye is Patur from the Mitzvah of Aliyas Regel.

(b)He learns it from there - by Darshening 'Yir'eh', Yera'eh'. This means that just as, when we fulfill the Mitzvah of appearing in the Beis-Hamikdash on the Shalosh Regalim, Hash-m comes to see us with two eyes, so too, must we appear before Him with two eyes (see also Tosfos DH 'ke'Derech').

(c)This finally proves - that even where the Masores does not clash with the Mikra, there are still Tana'im who go after the Masores, and not the Mikra.

(d)Nevertheless, even the proponents of "Yesh Eim li'Masores" do not forbid cooking Cheilev rather than milk, together with meat - because the phrase "Do not cook a kid in its mother's milk" implies something that is normally *cooked*, whereas 'cooking' meat in fat is defined as frying, not cooking.

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