Sanhedrin Chart #5
Chart for Sanhedrin Daf 45b-46a
WHAT IS INCLUDED IN THE VERSE
IF WE EXPOUND "KELAL U'FRAT" OR IF WE EXPOUND "RIBUY U'MI'UT?"
IF WE EXPOUND "KELAL U'FRAT" (1)
IF WE EXPOUND "RIBUY U'MI'UT" (1)
|1||KELAL U'FRAT||Only the Perat (2)||Only something similar to the Perat in all ways|
|2||KELAL U'FRAT DISTANCED FROM EACH OTHER||Only something similar to the Perat in all ways||Anything similar to the Perat in any way|
|3||KELAL U'FRAT U'KELAL||Anything similar to the Perat in any way||Everything is included, except for one thing|
(1) The general rule is that according to the opinion that maintains that we expound "Ribuy u'Mi'ut" the verse is including more items, and according to the opinion that maintains that we expound "Kelal u'Frat" the verse is including less items. The reason for this is that the Perat is written in order to explain the Kelal and to clarify that the Kelal is only including certain things and not others. A Mi'ut, though, does not explain the Ribuy (i.e. the Klal). Rather, the Ribuy remains with its default meaning (i.e. it includes more items) while the Mi'ut excludes certain things from the Ribuy (RASHI 45b, DH v'Rebbi Eliezer).
(2) According to this, the Kelal was not written to teach any particular Halachah. Rather, it is merely the manner of the verse to express a point in general terms and then, afterwards, to clarify its intention. (This seems to be the intention of RASHI 46a, DH Ki Kilelas.)