prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) According to Rebbi Akiva, the Pasuk in Mishpatim learn from the Pasuk "b'Charish u'va'Katzir Tishbos" refers to the Shemitah-year. What does he learn from ...
1. ... "b'Charish ... Tishbos"?
2. ... "u'va'Katzir Tishbos"?
(b) Why, in spite of the fact that the preceding phrase ("Sheishes Yamim Ta'avod") refers to Shabbos, does Rebbi Akiva decline to learn it in connection with Shabbos?
(c) And why does he establish the Pasuk by Tosefes Shevi'is? Why not by the Lav of working in the Shemitah?
(d) What have we now achieved by citing Rebbi Akiva here?
(a) How does Rebbi Yishmael interpret "b'Charish u'va'Katzir Tishbos"?
(b) What does Rebbi Yishmael mean when he refers to harvesting the Omer as a Mitzvah?
(a) Rebbi Yishmael learns the concept of adding from Chol on to Kodesh from Yom Kippur. From where does he learn it ...
1. ... when it comes in?
2. ... when it goes out?
(b) How do we know that the Torah is not telling us to fast on the ninth?
(c) What do we then learn from the continuation of the Pasuk ...
1. ... "Tishbesu"?
2. ... "Shabatchem"?
(a) Rebbi Akiva learns from the Pasuk "v'Inisem es Nafshoseichem b'Tishah la'Chodesh" like the Beraisa cited by Rav Acha from Difti. What does the Tana learn from there?
(b) What do we learn, according to him, from the fact that the Torah refers to eating and drinking as 'Inuy' (affliction)?
(a) The words "Yovel Hi" (in Parshas Behar are superfluous. Rebbi Yehudah learns from "Yovel", that Yovel takes effect even though the people did not cancel their debts and even though the Beis-Din did not blow the Shofar. What does he learn from "Hi" that prevents Yovel from taking effect?
(b) Which of the above three things does Rebbi Yosi learn from "Hi", that prevents Yovel from taking effect?
(c) One of Rebbi Yosi's reasons is because it is possible for there to be no servants, but not for there to be no Shofros. What is his second reason?
(a) Rebbi Yehudah learns from the Pasuk "u'Kerasem Dror" that sending away the servants carries more weight than blowing the Shofar. On what grounds does he disagree with Rebbi Yosi?
(b) What does Rebbi Yosi say to that?
(c) Both Tana'im translate the word "Dror" as freedom. What Mashal does Rebbi Yehudah add to that?
(a) Rebbi Chiya bar Aba Amar Rebbi Yochanan informs us that the Chachamim disagree with Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Yosi. What does "Hi" incorporate, according to them?
(b) What is the basis of their opinion?
(c) They learn from the word "Yovel" that Yovel (the cancellation of debts - which has nothing to do with the land) applies even in Chutz la'Aretz. Why then, does the Torah write "ba'Aretz"?
(a) We learn from a Gezeirah-Shavah ("Shanah" "Shanah") that Rosh Hashanah for Neti'ah (regarding Orlah) is Tishrei. If the Pasuk for Neti'ah is "Shalosh Shanim Arelim ... u'va'Shanah ha'Revi'is", from which 'Pasuk do we learn the Gezeirah-Shavah? How do we know that it refers to Tishrei?
(b) Why do we in fact, learn the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' from "me'Reishis ha'Shanah ... " and not from "Rishon Hu Lachem l'Chodshei ha'Shanah"?
(c) When would Rosh Hashanah for Neti'ah be if we learned the Gezeirah-Shavah from the latter?
(a) The Beraisa now discusses Mavrich and Markiv (in connection the transplanting of trees) on Erev Shevi'is. What is the meaning of ...
1. ... 'Mavrich'?
2. ... 'Markiv'?
(b) According to the Beraisa, how long before the commencement of the Shemitah must one plant or perform either of these for the tree to be permitted in the Shemitah year?
(c) On what grounds is one obligated to undo whatever one did, in the event that one performed any of these within thirty days of the Shemitah?
(a) What other area of Halachah is affected by this thirty-day period?
(b) What are the ramifications of this ruling?
(c) Assuming that one did plant the tree before the thirty day period, when will the fruit actually leave the realm of Orlah?
(d) What is the meaning of the Beraisa's concluding words 've'Im li'Revai, li'Revai'?