prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) What does the Mishnah say about a case where ...
1. ... Beis-Din and all of Yisrael saw the new moon? Can we take for granted that the thirtieth is Rosh Chodesh?
2. ... the witnesses were cross-examined on the eve of the thirtieth, but Beis-Din did not manage to declare 'Mekudash' before nightfafl, or before nightfall of the thirty-first?
(b) Why might we otherwise have thought that one can still fix the thirtieth as Rosh Chodesh (retroactively)?
(c) What if they saw the new moon on the eve of the thirtieth and there is time to examine the witnesses before nightfall (Tzeis-ha'Kochavim)?
(d) Why is that?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about a case where only the Beis-Din ha'Gadol saw the new moon ...
1. ... on the night of the thirtieth?
2. ... on the day of the thirtieth?
3. ... during Sheki'as ha'Chamah of the thirtieth?
(b) On which principle are these latter rulings based?
(c) How, on the other hand, can Beis-Din to declare Rosh Chodesh without the testimony of witnesses?
(d) And what theTana say in a case where a Beis-Din of three experts saw the new moon at night-time?
(e) Seeing as the third Dayan is an expert, why can two of them not simply testify before him (like we find by cases involving maney-matters)?
(f) From where do we learn this?
(a) Which is the only horn listed by the Tana Kama that is not eligible to be used as a Shofar on Rosh Ha'Shanah?
(b) How do we learn this from the Pasuk in ve'Zos ha'B'rachah "B'chor Shoro Hadar lo. ve'Karnei Re'eim Karnav".
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk (in B'har, in connection with the Yovel year) "Veha'avarta Shofar Teru'ah"?
(d) What does that have to do with Rosh Ha'Shanah?
(a) Rebbi Yossi queries the Tana Kama from the Pasuk in Yehoshua "bi'Meshoch be'Keren ha'Yovel". What is the meaning of "Keren ha'Yovel"?
(b) What is then Rebbi Yossi's Kashya on the Tana Kama?
(c) What does the Tana Kama answer?
(a) According to the Mishnah, what sort of horn does the Mitzvah of Shofar comprise?
(b) Why does it have to be straight?
(c) When they blew in the Beis-ha'Mikdash, they also blew two trumpets simultaneously. Where were the trumpets placed?
(d) With what did they overlay the mouthpiece of the Shofar that they blew in the Beis-ha'Mikdash?
(a) In contrast, on Ta'aniyos, they would blow on two bent Shofros of Z'charim.
(b) What are 'Z'charim'?
(c) What were they overlaid with?
(d) Where were the trumpets which they also blew, placed?
(e) Why did the Shofar blow longer on Rosh Ha'Shanah and the trumpets on Ta'aniyos?
(a) From where do we learn that one blows trumpets at a time of Tzarah?
(b) What do we then learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "ba'Chatzotzros ve'Kol Shofar Hari'u Lif'nei ha'Melech Hash-m"?
(a) When does one blow Shofar on Yom Kipur?
(b) Why does one blow it?
(c) What does the Tana Kama mean when he says that Yovel is like Rosh ha'Shanah with regard to ...
1. ... Teki'ah (See Tiferes Yisrael)?
2. ... B'rachah?
(d) From which Gezeirah-Shavah do we learn the former ruling?
(a) What distinction does Rebbi Yehudah draw between them regarding Teki'os?
(b) What is the Halachah in this regard?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about a split Shofar that has been stuck together with glue?
(b) Why is it Pasul?
(c) The Tana is speaking about a Shofar that split lengthwise. What if it split breadthwise?
(d) What is considered a Shi'ur Teki'ah in this regard?
(a) What does the Tana say about ...
1. ... that is made with broken pieces of Shofar that have been stuck together?
2. ... a Shofar with a hole that one stopped up? On what condition is it Kasher?
(b) Which additional condition, besides the fact that the majority of the Shofar is intact, is required for the Shofar to be Kasher?
(a) The Mishnah discusses someone who blows Shofar into a pit, a Dus or a Pitas. What is a ...
1. ... 'Dus'?
2. ... 'Pitas'?
(b) What does the Mishnah say about someone who does that? When is he Yotzei and when is he not Yotzei?
(c) On what condition is one always Yotzei?
(a) And what does the Tana 'similarly' (See Tos-Yom-Tov and Tiferes Yisrael) say about someone who is passing behind a Shul just as they are ...
1. ... blowing the Shofar? When is he Yotzei and when is he not
2. ... reading the Megilah?
(b) How will the Din differ with regard to a private person who is blowing the Shofar for his family?
(c) Why the difference?
(d) How does the Tana conclude the Mishnah?
(a) What problem does the Mishnah have with the Pasuk in ...
1. ... Beshalach (in connection with the battle against Amalek) "Vehayah ka'asher Yarim Moshe es Yavdav, Vegavar Yisrael"?
2. ... Beha'aloscha (in connection with the people who spoke Lashon ha'Ra about the Manna) "Asei l'cha Saraf V'sim oso al Neis; Vehayah Kol ha'Nashuch Vera'ah Oso Vachai"?
(b) How does the Tana answer both questions?
(c) What is the connection between this Mishnah and the previous one?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about a 'Cheresh, Shoteh ve'Katan'?
(b) On which principle is this ruling based?