prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) The Mishnah forbids a person to eat on Erev Pesach close to Minchah time (Samuch le'Minchah) until nightfall. What is the definition of ...
1. ... 'Samuch le'Minchah'?
2. ... 'Minchah' in this context?
(b) Why is it called 'Minchah'?
(c) What is the reason for the prohibition? What is the significance of 'until nightfall'?
(a) Why can the Tana not be referring to eating ...
1. ... bread?
2. ... Matzah?
(b) Then what is he referring to?
(c) Up until 'when' does the Tana forbid even a poor man to eat?
(a) What must the Gabai Tzedakah be sure to give a poor man on Erev Pesach?
(b) What is the reason for the four cups of wine?
(c) The Tana concludes 'va'Afilu min ha'Tamchuy' (soup-kitchen). What is the definition of a poor man who takes from the Tamchuy?
(d) Why does the Mishnah mention it (See Tosfos Yom-Tov)?
(a) From where do we know that the cup of wine that is used for Kidush is counted in the four cups?
(b) Why, according to Beis Shamai does the B'rachah of Kidush precede the B'rachah over the wine?
(c) And why do Beis Hillel give precedence to the B'rachah over the wine?
(d) What if one is reciting Kidush over bread (not on Pesach of course)?
(a) The Mishnah states 'Hevi'u Lefanav, Metabel ba'Chazares(in lettuce)'. What do they bring before him (the Balabos)?
(b) Why do they do that, seeing as one does not normally eat vegetables before the meal?
(c) Why does the Tana ...
1. ... use the word 'Metabel' to describe eating (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?
2. ... mention specifically lettuce? Is one not permitted to use other vegetables?
(d) How do we know that this dipping is not necessarily in Charoses?
(e) And what does the Tana mean when he writes 'ad she'Magi'a le'Parperes ha'Pas (to eat the Matzah)?
(a) From which Pasuk in Beha'asloscha do we learn that the eating of Matzah ('Parperes ha'Pas' - See Tos. Yom-Tov) precedes that of eating Maror?
(b) Why would we have otherwise thought that Maror comes first?
(c) They would then bring before him Matzah, Maror and Charoses. What fourth item must be added to the list?
(a) Besides various kinds of nuts (hazelnuts, pistachio and almonds) and various fruits, which two specific fruits did they used to prepare the Charoses?
(b) How did they prepare the above mixture?
(c) What did the long, thin sticks of 'Kaneh' and cinnamon that they them added represent?
(d) What did the finished mixture represent?
(a) If, according to the Tana Kama, the Charoses was not a Mitzvah, what purpose did it serve?
(b) On what grounds (besides the fact that it commemorates the cement) does Rebbi Eliezer b'Rebbi Tzadok consider it a Mitzvah (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?
(c) What else did they bring before the Balabos in the time that the Beis-ha'Mikdash stood?
(a) What happens after one has poured out the second cup of wine?
(b) We change the text of the Mishnah 've'Ka'n ha'Ben Sho'el' to 've'Chein ha'Ben Sho'el'. What does 've'Chein ha'Ben Sho'el' mean?
(c) What if the son is not intelligent enough to ask on his own?
(d) Besides why we only eat Matzah on this night and specifically Maror, which two additional questions does the Tana list?
(a) What criterion determines the father's answer?
(b) How does one begin to answer the sons questions?
(c) Which two issues does 'Maschil bi'Genus' incorporate?
(d) With what does one end (See Tiferes Yisrael)?
(a) What does the Tana mean when he says that whoever does not say these three things on Pesach has not fulfilled his obligation? What does he mean by 'says' (See Tos.Yom-Tov)?
(b) Does this mean that he must repeat the entire Seider?
(c) What are the three things?
(d) What is the reason for ...
1. ... the Korban Pesach?
2. ... Matzah?
3. ... Maror?
(a) What does the Mishnah learn from the word "Li" (in the Pasuk in Bo "Ba'avur Zeh Asah Hash-m Li be'Tzeisi mi'Mitzrayim")?
(b) What are we therefore obligated to do?
(c) How many expressions of praise does the Tana list?
(d) And he concludes with five phases of redemption and 'Halelukah': 'from slavery to freedom, from grief to joy and from mourning to Yom-Tov'. What are the other two?
(a) According to Beis Shamai, we then recite Hallel up to "Eim ha'Banim S'meichah". What do Beis Hillel say?
(b) How does the Tana describe the B'rachah that concludes this part of the Seider (Maggid)?
(a) Rebbi Tarfon maintains that the B'rachah reads ' ... asher Ge'alanu ve'Ga'al es Avoseinu mi'Mitzrayim'. How does it conclude?
(b) What does Rebbi Akiva say? What is the gist of the prayer with which the B'rachah continues?
(c) What does the Tana mean by 'Zevachim'?
(d) How does one then conclude?
(a) What follows the pouring out of the third cup of wine?
(b) What does one do next?
(c) According to the Mishnah, what does one say 'over the fourth cup'?
(d) According to some, 'Birchas ha'Shir' refers to 'Nishmas'. What do others say?
(e) What do we do?
(a) What does the Tana say about drinking wine between the first cups of wine?
(b) Why does he then prohibit drinking between the third and fourth cups?
(c) What difference does it make, seeing as one has drunk as much as one wants during the meal?
(a) The Mishnah states 've'Ein Maftirin Achar ha'Pesach Afikoman'. What else, besides 'One does not open one's mouth to say', might 'Ein Maftirin' mean?
(b) According to one interpretation, the word 'Afikoman' is the acronym for 'Afiku Manaichu'. What is the Mishnah then coming to teach us?
(c) What is the reason for the prohibition?
(a) Others say that 'Afikoman' is the acronym of 'Afiku Minei (Mesikah). What does this mean?
(b) Why did the Chachamim forbid it?
(c) What are the ramifications of this ruling nowadays?
(d) What is the practical difference between the two explanations?
(a) What distinction does the Tana Kama draw between where some members of the group fall asleep whilst eating the Korban Pesach and where they all do?
(b) What is the reason for the Chumra?
(c) What is its source?
(d) What are the ramifications of this ruling nowadays?
(a) To which of the Tana Kama's rulings is Rebbi Yossi referring when he differentiates between whether they merely dozed of or whether they fell asleep? Is he adding a leniency to his ruling or a stringency?
(b) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) What do we learn from the Gezeirah-Shavah "ba'Laylah ha'Zeh" ("ve'Achlu es ha'Basar ba'Laylah ha'Zeh") "ba'Laylah ha'Zeh" ("ve'Avarti be'Eretz Mitzrayim ba'Laylah ha'Zeh" [both in Bo])? (See Tos. Yom-Tov).
(b) Why decree does the Mishnah add to the Din Torah of Nosar?
(c) What did Chazal see fit to initiate it?
(d) To which other Torah P'sul besides Nosar did they add the same Din Tum'ah?
(a) What B'rachah does one recite over eating the Korban ...
1. ... Pesach?
2. ... Zevach? What does Zevach mean?
(b) What distinction does Rebbi Yishmael draw between the B'rachah over the Pesach covering the B'rachah of the Zevach and that of the Zevach covering that of the Pesach?
(c) What does Rebbi Akiva say?
(a) The Machlokes between Rebbi Yishmael and Rebbi Akiva is connected with the Zerikas or the Shefichas ha'Dam (See Tos. Yom-Tov). The blood of ...
1. ... the Pesach - is poured on to the foot of the Mizbe'ach, from where it falls on to the Y'sod (like B'chor and Ma'aser Beheimah).
2. ... the Zevach - is sprinkled on the north-eastern and south-western corners.
(b) Rebbi Yishmael holds 'Zerikah bi'Chelal Shefichah, ve'Ein Shefichah bi'Chelal Zevichah' - meaning that whereas pouring incorporates sprinkling (if one pours instead of sprinkling, one is Yotzei), sprinkling does not incorporate pouring (if one sprinkles instead of pouring, one is not).
(c) Whereas Rebbi Akiva holds - that neither one incorporates the other.
(d) The Halachah is - like Rebbi Akiva.
Nishlemah Maseches Pesachim