Mishnah 1
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1)

(a)The Mishnah discusses someone who turns over his olives ('Mi she'Hafach es Zeisav') - meaning that he What does this mean (See Tiferes Yisrael)?

(b)What is the next process in manufacturing oil?

(c)If someone turned over his olives, but is prevented from taking them to the oil-press before Chol ha'Mo'ed due to an Oneis, Rebbi Yehudah permits him to do so and to load the beam on to them just once, but no more. Why does he ...

1. ... permit it once?

2. ... not permit it a second time?

(d)Rebbi Yossi says 'Zoleif, ve'Gomer ve'Gaf ke'Darko'. What is the meaning of ...

1. ... 'Zoleif'?

2. ... 'Gomer'?

3. ... 'Gaf'?

4. ... 'ke'Darko'?

1)

(a)The Mishnah discusses someone who turns over his olives ('Mi she'Hafach es Zeisav'), with reference to - fresh olives that have been placed in the vat, and once they begin to sweat and become soft, they need to be thoroughly stirred until all the olives have turned soft.

(b)The next process in manufacturing oil is - pouring them into the oil-press and loading heavy boards on to them.

(c)If someone turned over his olives, but is prevented from taking them to the oil-press before Chol ha'Mo'ed due to an Oneis, Rebbi Yehudah permits him to do so and to load the beam on to them just once, but no more. The reason that he ...

1. ... permit it once is because - if one fails to do so immediately, they will get spoiled.

2. ... not permit it a second time is because - loading the beam once is sufficient to prevent the olives from spoiling.

(d)Rebbi Yossi says ...

1. ... 'Zoleif - (he may pour the olives into the oil-press) ...

2. ... 've'Gomer - (complete the pressing process) ...

3. ... 've'Gaf - (and, after placing the oil into barrels, he is even permitted to place a lid on the barrels [See Tos. Yom-Tov]) ...

4. ... 'ke'Darko' - (without making a Shinuy).

2)

(a)Besides that the laborers that he hired to do the job before Chol ha'Mo'ed failed to turn up, what example does the Mishnah give for 'Oneis'?

(b)What do we learn from there regarding the Dinim of Aveilus?

(c)What about others doing the job on his behalf?

2)

(a)Besides that the laborers that he hired to do the job before Chol ha'Mo'ed failed to turn up, the Mishnah gives an example of 'Oneis' as someone who became an Aveil over a deceased relative before Yom-Tov.

(b)We learn from there - that an Aveil is forbidden to perform on Chol ha'Mo'ed even those Melachos that are permitted to an ordinary person.

(c)Others, however, may perform them on his behalf.

Mishnah 2
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3)

(a)Rebbi Yossi issues the same ruling as he did in the previous Mishnah with regard to wine that the owner poured into the Bor and an Oneis occurred ... . What sort of 'Bor' is he referring to?

(b)Rebbi Yehudah, who is more stringent there too, allows him only to place Limudim on top of the grapes. What are 'Limudim'?

(c)Why does he permit *that*?

(d)Like whom is the Halachah in both cases?

3)

(a)Rebbi Yossi issues the same ruling as he did in the previous Mishnah with regard to wine that the owner poured into the Bor - (a cemented pit in the wine-press into which the wine flows from the pressed grapes) and an Oneis occurred ... .

(b)Rebbi Yehudah, who is more stringent there too, allows him only to place 'Limudim' - (boards) on top of the grapes ...

(c)... since otherwise, the wine will turn sour (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(d)The Halachah in both cases is - like Rebbi Yossi.

Mishnah 3
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4)

(a)On what grounds does the Mishnah permit on Chol ha'Mo'ed ...

1. ... bringing one's fruit from the field into the house?

2. ... removing one's flax from the water in which it is being soaked?

(b)On what condition are these acts permitted

(c)What if a person ignores the last condition?

4)

(a)The Mishnah permits on Chol ha'Mo'ed ...

1. ... bringing one's fruit from the field into the house - to protect it from theft.

2. ... removing one's flax from the water in which it is being soaked - to prevent it from going moldy (See Tiferes Yisrael).

(b)These acts are permitted - provided one does not deliberately leave them for Chol ha'Mo'ed (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)If a person ignores the last condition - then Beis-Din send their emissaries to declare Hefker whatever he benefited against the Din (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 4
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5)

(a)On what condition does the Mishnah permit the purchase of houses, Avadim and animals ...

1. ... to anyone on Chol ha'Mo'ed?

2. ... even if the purchaser does not need them on Yom-Tov?

(b)In the former case, what is considered 'Tzorech ha'Mo'ed'?

(c)On what condition does the Tana permit moving vessels or corn from one house to another on Chol ha'Mo'ed?

(d)Why specifically on that condition?

5)

(a)The Mishnah permit the purchase of houses, Avadim (See Tos. Yom-Tov) and animals (See Tos. Yom-Tov) ...

1. ... to anyone on Chol ha'Mo'ed - provided the purchaser needs them 'le'Tzorech ha'Mo'ed (for Yom-Tov).

2. ... even if the purchaser does not need them for Yom-Tov - if it is the seller who has nothing to eat (See Tos. Yom-Tov), and who needs the money for Yom-Tov.

(b)In the former case, 'Tzorech ha'Mo'ed'means - that he needs the house to live in, the Avadim to serve him and the animals to Shecht.

(c)The Tana permits moving vessels or corn from one house to another on Chol ha'Mo'ed - but only from one house to another in the same courtyard ...

(d)... because that creates minimal publicity (as opposed to moving them from one Chatzer to another through the main street).

6)

(a)On what condition does the Tana permit fetching repaired vessels from the repair-shop on Chol ha'Mo'ed?

(b)What does the Mishnah permit one to do if he is afraid that his vessels will get stolen?

(c)Under which other circumstances does he permit doing that?

6)

(a)The Tana permits fetching repaired vessels from the repair-shop on Chol ha'Mo'ed - provided it is 'Tzorech ha'Mo'ed' (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)If he is afraid that his vessels will get stolen, the Mishnah permits - fetching them and leaving them in a house in another Chatzer (See Tiferes Yisrael).

(c)He also permits doing that - if he had to pay the repair-man and he is afraid that if he leaves the repaired object in the shop until after Yom-Tov, he will charge him again.

Mishnah 5
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7)

(a)What does the Mishnah permit the owner who has spread out figs in his field to dry to doon Chol ha'Mo'ed if it threatens to rain?

(b)Rebbi Yehudah is a little more lenient. What does he say?

(c)What does the Tana say about a store-keeper selling food, clothes and vessels on Chol ha'Mo'ed? On what teo conditions does he permit it?

7)

(a)If the owner has spread out figs in his field to dry and it threatens to rain - the Mishnah permits him to cover them with straw on Chol ha'Mo'ed.

(b)Rebbi Yehudah is a little more lenient. He permits him - even to gather them into large piles so that the figs on top protect those underneath from the rain (See Tos. Yom-Tov at the end of the Perek).

(c)The Tana permits a store-keeper (See Tos. Yom-Tov) to sell food, clothes and vessels on Chol ha'Mo'ed - discreetly (See Tos. Yom-Tov) 'leTzorech ha'Mo'ed.

8)

(a)The Tana Kama permits hunters, Dashasos and Garasos to do their work discreetly on Chol ha'Moi'ed. Dashashos' are people who grind corn for porridge-making. What are 'Garosos'?

(b)Rebbi Yossi is more strict. What does *he* say?

(c)Like whom is the Halachah?

8)

(a)The Tana Kama permits hunters (See Tos. Yom-Tov), Dashasos and Garasos to do their work discreetly (See Tos. Yom-Tov) on Chol ha'Mo'ed. 'Dashashos' are people who grind corn for porridge-making. 'Garosos' - grind beans for making bean-stews.

(b)Rebbi Yossi maintains - the Dashasos and the Garasos themselves undertook the stringency of not grinding even discreetly (and that this has therefore become the Halachah).

(c)The Halachah is - like the Tana Kama.

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