WHY WE DO NOT EXPOUND DIFFERENTLY (cont.)
Question: Why do we include other Menachos and exclude Minchas Nesachim?
Answer: It is more reasonable that other Menachos have Hagashah, for they come due to themselves, but Minchas Nesachim is due to a Korban.
Suggestion: Minchas Kohanim and Chavitim come due to themselves. Perhaps Hagashah applies to them!
Rejection: It says "v'Higishah" (only these, and not others).
Question: This is needed for the simple meaning, to teach Hagashah!
Answer: It could have said "v'Higish". Rather, it says "v'Higishah" to exclude.
Question: Why do we include other Menachos, and exclude Minchas Kohanim and Chavitim?
Answer: It is more reasonable that other Menachos have Hagashah, for they are partially Huktar, partially eaten and come due to themselves;
We exclude Shtei ha'Lechem and Lechem ha'Panim, which are totally eaten, Minchas Nesachim, which is due to a Korban, and Minchas Kohanim and Chavitim, which are Kalil.
Suggestion: Perhaps "v'Herim" (Vayikra 2:9, regarding Marcheshes) teaches that Kemitzah is taken with a Kli!
Rejection: "V'Herim Mimenu b'Kumtzo" - it is taken with his fingers.
WHICH KORBANOS REQUIRE TENUFAH
(Mishnah): The following require Tenufah, but not Hagashah:
The Log of oil and the Asham of a Metzora;
Bikurim, according to R. Eliezer ben Yakov;
The Eimurim, chest and foreleg of a (regular) Shelamim, whether a man or woman brought it;
This applies to Yisrael, but not to others. (This will be explained.)
Shtei ha'Lechem and the two Kivsei Atzeres;
The two loaves are put on top of the lambs. He puts his hands underneath;
He waves them outward and back to himself, and up and down - "Asher Hunaf va'Asher Huram."
Tenufah is (Kosher even) in the east (part of the Azarah). Hagashah is in the west.
Tenufah is done before Hagashah.
The Omer and Minchas Kena'os require Hagashah and Tenufah.
Lechem ha'Panim and Minchas Nesachim do not require Hagashah nor Tenufah.
R. Shimon says, there are three Korbanos and three Mitzvos. Exactly two Mitzvos apply to each of the Korbanos:
A regular Shelamim has Semichah mi'Chayim (while the Korban is alive) and Tenufah after Shechitah, but not Tenufah mi'Chayim;
Shalmei Tzibur has Tenufah mi'Chayim and after Shechitah, but not Semichah;
Asham Metzora has Semichah and Tenufah mi'Chayim, but not after Shechitah.
(Gemara - Beraisa): "V'Hikriv Oso l'Asham v'Es Log ha'Shemen v'Henif Osam Tenufah" teaches that they are waved together;
Question: What is the source that if they were waved individually, he was Yotzei?
Answer: "V'Hikriv Oso l'Asham v'Henif (singular)".
Suggestion: Perhaps they are waved together, and then they are waved individually!
Rejection: It says "Tenufah (singular)", not Tenufos.
"Lifnei Hash-m" is in the east.
Question: Regarding Hagashah, we expounded "Lifnei Hash-m" to mean in the west!
Answer: That refers to Menachos, which are equated to Chatas;
Shirei Dam Chatas must be thrown (on Pnei ha'Mizbe'ach, i.e. the south, and) over the Yesod. The southeast corner has no Yesod, so it must be in the southwest corner;
Regarding Tenufah, (the entire Azarah,) even the east is Lifnei Hash-m.
TENUFAH OF BIKURIM
(Mishnah): Bikurim (requires Tenufah), according to R. Eliezer ben Yakov.
Question: What is R. Eliezer ben Yakov's teaching about Bikurim?
Answer (Beraisa - R. Eliezer ben Yakov): "V'Lakach ha'Kohen" teaches that Bikurim require Tenufah.
Question: How does he learn this?
Answer: He learns from a Gezerah Shavah "Yad-Yad" from Shelamim;
It says here "v'Lakach ha'Kohen ha'Tene mi'Yadecha", and it says regarding Shelamim "Yadav Tevi'enah";
Just like the Kohen does Tenufah of Bikurim, also regarding Shelamim;
Just like the owner does Tenufah of Shelamim, also regarding Bikurim.
Question: How do we fulfill both of these?
Answer: The Kohen puts his hand under the owner's hands, and they wave together.
Question: Why did the Mishnah say that Bikurim requires Tenufah according to R. Eliezer ben Yakov? Also R. Yehudah says so!
(Beraisa - R. Yehudah): "V'Hinachto" refers to Tenufah.
Question: Perhaps it really refers to Hanachah!
Rejection: "V'Hinicho" already teaches about Hanachah, so "v'Hinachto" must refer to Tenufah.
Answer #1 (Rava): The Mishnah cites R. Eliezer ben Yakov, for he learns from the beginning of the verse.
Answer #2 (Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak): It cites him, for he is a great Chacham. The Halachah always follows him.
(Mishnah): The Eimurim, chest and foreleg of a (regular) Shelamim, whether a man or woman brought it (require Tenufah). This applies to Yisrael, but not to others.
Question: What does this mean?
Answer (Rav Yehudah): The Korban requires Tenufah, whether a man or woman brought it;
Only male Yisraelim do Tenufah with the Kohen, but women do not.
(Beraisa #1): Bnei Yisrael do Tenufah, but Nochrim and women do not.
R. Yosi says, regarding Semichah, the Torah distinguishes between Korbanos of Yisrael (they require Semichah) and those of Nochrim and women (they are exempt);
Suggestion: Perhaps it also distinguishes regarding Tenufah!
Rejection: No. It distinguishes regarding Semichah, for the owner himself must be Somech;
The Kohen does Tenufah (albeit with the owner, when possible), therefore it does not depend on the owner.
Question: If so, why does it say "Bnei Yisrael"?
Answer: Bnei Yisrael do Tenufah, but Benos Yisrael do not.
(Beraisa #2): "Bnei Yisrael" teaches that Korbanos of Bnei (i.e. native) Yisraelim require Tenufah;
Question: What is the source for Korbanos of converts and freed slaves?
Answer: It says "ha'Makriv" (anyone who offers).
Suggestion: Perhaps this teaches that only the one (the Kohen) who offers the Chelev does Tenufah!
Rejection: "Yadav Tevi'enah" teaches that the owner does Tenufah;
Question: How do we fulfill both verses?
Answer: The Kohen puts his hands under the owner's, and they wave together.