brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Yerushalayim
& Revach l'Neshamah - http://www.revach.net
1. If an animal is struggling to give birth for the first time, one is permitted to cut off each limb as it emerges and throw it to the dogs.
2. If the majority of the firstborn emerges from the womb at one moment, it has Kedushas Bechor (and must be buried).
3. When the majority of a firstborn animal is born, it attains Kedushas Bechor even if the majority was born minus one of its limbs.
4. If the majority of a limb came out, and this helps comprise exactly half of the child, there is a doubt about whether we view it as though the entire limb came out (so that a majority of the animal has been born).
5. If, after the minority of a firstborn animal was born, the rest of the animal emerged from the womb while wrapped in something, or in someone's hands, so that it was not in contact with the womb, there is a doubt about whether it attains Kedushas Bechor.
6. If a fetus dies in the womb of its mother, and a shepherd inserts his hand into the womb and touches the dead fetus, he is Tahor, whether it is a Kosher animal or a non-Kosher animal, according to the Tana Kama.
7. According to Rebbi Yosi ha'Glili, if the dead fetus is of a Kosher animal, it does not convey Tum'ah in the womb of the mother, but if it is a non-Kosher animal, it conveys Tum'ah.
8. The Neveilah of both a Kosher Chayah and a non-Kosher Chayah conveys Tum'ah.
A BIT MORE
1. According to Rav Huna when the majority is born, the limbs attain Kedushas Bechor retroactively from the beginning of the birth. If the dogs have not yet eaten the limbs, they must be buried. Rabah maintains that the Kedushas Bechorah is not retroactive and the limbs may be left for the dogs even after the majority is born.
2. According to Rav Huna, even if the majority was not born at once, the limbs must be buried if the dogs have not yet eaten them.
3. Even without one of its limbs, it is regarded as a majority, because the minority of the limb which was born follows the majority of the fetus, and not the majority of the limb.
4. There is a doubt about whether the majority of the limb that was born is considered a significant majority, and thus the minority of the limb follows the majority, and it is as if the entire limb was born; since the majority is considered to have been born, the animal attains Kedushas Bechor.
5. If the fetus was swallowed by a weasel while still in the womb, and it was born while still in the weasel, and then it returned to the womb and was subsequently born naturally, or if it was born directly from the womb into the womb of another animal and it subsequently was born from the second womb, there is a doubt about whether it has Kedushas Bechor.
6. It is a Kal va'Chomer: if the Shechitah of the mother permits the fetus to be eaten, then the mother certainly protect the fetus from conveying Tum'as Neveilah. Since the Torah compares a non-Kosher animal to a Kosher animal, just as the fetus of a Kosher animal does not convey Tum'ah, the fetus of a non-Kosher animal also does not convey Tum'ah.
7. The Kal va'Chomer (that if the Shechitah of the mother permits the fetus to be eaten, then certainly the mother should protect the fetus from conveying Tum'ah) applies only to a Kosher animal. Rebbi Yosi ha'Glili does not agree that the Torah compares a non-Kosher animal to a Kosher animal.
8. Even the Neveilah of the fetus of a non-Kosher Chayah conveys Tum'ah in the womb of its mother, according to Rebbi Yosi ha'Glili.
Next Daf Index to Revach for Maseches Chulin