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1. If a person makes a Neder to bring a Minchas Marcheshes, he may not bring a Minchas Machavas and vice versa.
2. Rebbi Yosi ha'Glili says that a Minchas Marcheshes has a cover, while a Minchas Machavas has no cover. Rebbi Chanina ben Gamliel says a Minchas Marcheshes is deep, while a Minchas Machavas is shallow.
3. Beis Shamai says that if one vows to bring a Marcheshes, there is a doubt about whether he is obligated to bring a Minchas Marcheshes.
4. Beis Hillel maintains that one who vows to bring a Marcheshes is not obligated to bring a Minchas Marcheshes.
5. One who vows to bring a Minchah b'Tanur should not bring a Minchah baked on slats, or baked in an Arabic pot. There is a disagreement about whether he may bring a Minchah baked in a Kupach.
6. One who vows to bring a Minchah Ma'afeh Tanur must bring either ten Chalos or ten Rekikin, but not five of each. However, if he brings five of each he fulfills his obligation b'Di'eved. Rebbi Yosi b'Rebbi Yehudah disagrees.
7. According to Rebbi Shimon, one who vows to bring a Minchah Ma'afeh may also bring five Chalos and five Rekikin, because both types are stated in the Torah with regard to one Minchah.
8. Rebbi Shimon says that if one vows to bring a Minchah b'Tanur, when he is Makdish the Soles he should say, "I am Makdish it on condition that it is baked in an oven."
9. Rebbi Yishmael says that when the sixteenth of Nisan occurs on Shabbos, the Omer is brought from three Se'ah of barley. Otherwise, it is brought from five Se'ah of barley. According to the Rabanan, it is always brought form three Se'ah of barley.
10. Rebbi Chanina Segan ha'Kohanim says that when the Omer is brought on Shabbos, it is harvested by one individual with one sickle and one basket. Otherwise, it is harvested by three individuals with three sickles and three baskets. The Rabanan disagree.
11. Rebbi Yishmael, the son of Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah, says that when the fourteenth of Nisan occurs on a Shabbos, the hide of the Korban Pesach may be flayed only until the torso of the animal. The Rabanan disagree.
A BIT MORE
1. A Minchas Marcheshes and a Minchas Machavas are made differently and are two distinct Menachos. One who makes a Neder to bring one may not bring the other.
2. According to Rebbi Chanina ben Gamliel, a Minchas Marcheshes is baked in a deep pot, and therefore the Minchah is soft and runny. A Minchas Machavas is baked in a shallow pot, and therefore the Minchah is hard.
3. There is a doubt about whether the Menachos are called Minchas Marcheshes and Minchas Machavas because of the names of the Kelim in which they are baked. Hence, if one vows to bring a "Marcheshes" without mentioning "Minchah," perhaps he intends to donate the Kli and not the Minchah. On the other hand, perhaps the Minchah itself is called a Marcheshes, and thus even though he did not mention the word "Minchah," he intends to bring a Minchah, not the Kli.
4. According to Beis Hillel, the Menachos are definitely called Minchas Marcheshes and Minchas Machavas, because of the name of the Kli in which they are baked. Therefore, one who vows that he will bring a Marcheshes intends to donate the Kli, not the Minchah.
5. According to the Tana Kama, he may not bring a Minchah baked in a Kupach, which is a small oven. Rebbi Yehudah says that the Torah states "Tanur" twice to include a Kupach.
6. According to Rebbi Yosi b'Rebbi Yehudah, if he brings five Chalos and five Rekikin, he does not fulfill his obligation even b'Di'eved.
7. According to Rebbi Shimon, he may bring five Chalos and five Rekikin. The Kohen crumbles them up after they are baked, mixes it with oil, and takes the Kemitzah from both types. If he took the Kometz from only one type, he fulfills his obligation.
8. However, the oven does not sanctify the flour with Kedushas ha'Guf. Therefore, according to Rebbi Shimon one is permitted to bake it outside of the Azarah, and it does not become Pasul with Yotzei.
9. According to Rebbi Yishmael, when five Se'ah of barley are used to produce one Isaron of flour, less sifting is necessary and a higher quality flour is produced. However, since it entails harvesting an extra two Se'ah of grain on Shabbos, it is preferable to sift three Se'ah many times than to do many Melachos of Shabbos in the process of obtaining two extra Se'ah of flour. According to the Rabanan, high quality flour can be extracted from three Se'ah of barley, and therefore it is never necessary to use five Se'ah of barley.
10. According to the Rabanan, the barley is always harvested by three individuals with three sickles and three baskets in order to publicize the fact that the Omer is brought on the sixteenth of Nisan, and to disprove the Tzedukim who claim that the Omer is always brought on a Sunday.
11. According to Rebbi Yishmael, since it is sufficient to flay the Korban until the torso for the extraction of the Eimurim, it is forbidden to strip it any further on Shabbos. According to the Rabanan, even on Shabbos one may strip the hide completely from the animal.
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