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1. If a son sees his father violate a Mitzvah, he should not say, "Abba you transgressed the Torah." Rather he should state the relevant verse in the Torah.
2. One who commits two Aveiros, both punishable by Misah, receives the more severe Misah.
3. There is an argument whether one is punished with the more severe Misah in a case where he commits one Aveirah that is punishable by two different Misos.
4. The Navi extols those who don't need the Zechus of their fathers, who don't walk with an erect posture, who don't detract from the Parnasah of their friends and who don't benefit from the Kupah of Tzedakah.
5. Rebbi Yosi says that an Isur doesn't go into effect if another Isur is already in place.
6. One who repeatedly transgresses a Lav which incurs the Kares penalty is locked up and fed in such a way that will cause his stomach to burst.
7. There is an argument whether a person is locked up after transgressing a Lav punishable by Kares three times or only after transgressing it four times.
8.One who on three different occasions transgresses a Lav, punishable by Malkus, after silently acknowledging the Hasra'ah is imprisoned.
9. If there are not two valid witnesses to a murder, the suspect is locked up and given very little to eat and drink.
10. A zealot may kill one who is stealing a Kli Shares, cursing with a Kosem, or is in the act of having relations with a Nochris.
A BIT MORE
1. It is forbidden to tell a parent explicitly that he sinned because it will cause him pain and embarrassment. Instead one should state the verse in the Torah that was violated so that the parent will realize on his own that he sinned.
2. Even if the transgressor already underwent a Gemar Din on the more lenient Misah prior to transgressing the Aveirah which is punished with a more severe Misah, he is punished with the more severe Misah. The same law applies even if the transgressor was already sentenced to the more lenient Misah.
3. The Tana Kama holds that he is punished with the more severe Misah. However, Rebbi Yosi says he is punished for the prohibition which applied first. He maintains that one Isur doesn't go into effect if another Isur is already in place. For example, if his mother-in-law was single at the time of his marriage and subsequently she married the prohibition of Chamoso applied before the prohibition of Eishes Ish and he is punished with Sereifah for violating the Isur of Chamoso. However if she was married at the time of his marriage the prohibition of Eishes Ish applied first(since she was forbidden to him even before his marriage due to her status as an Eshes Ish) and he is therefore punished with Chenek for violating the Isur of Eishes Ish.,
4. One who possesses even one of these virtues is regarded as a Tzadik.
5. However, Rebbi Yosi does agree that if the second Isur is more encompassing than the first Isur, then it does go into effect. Therefore, if a mother-in-law becomes an Eshes Ish, since the prohibition of Eishes Ish is more encompassing than that of Chamoso, as it applies to the entire world, then it does go into effect. However, in any case if the son-in-law has relations with her he is punished with Sereifah not with Chenek since Sereifah is a more severe Misah.
6. This law only applies if he transgressed the same Lav three times. Since by transgressing repeatedly a Lav which carries with it a punishment of Kares he is forfeiting his life. The Beis Din hastens his death by feeding him very little until his stomach shrinks. The Beis Din then feeds him barley until his stomach bursts. However, if he transgresses a variety of different Lavim incurring the Kares penalty one time each he is simply tasting Isurim and not forfeiting his life. Therefore he is not locked up.
7. The Tana Kama holds that a person is locked up after transgressing a Lav three times. Abba Shaul holds that he is only locked up after his fourth transgression.
8. He is not punished with Malkus since he did not verbalize his acceptance of the Hasra'ah. Nevertheless, he is considered a Rasha. However, if on three different occasions he transgresses a Lav after silently acknowledging his acceptance of the warning, then according to the Tana Kama he is imprisoned immediately This is because the Tana Kama holds that no special warning is needed for the imprisonment. Abba Shaul on the other hand holds that a special warning for the imprisonment is needed. Therefore he is warned a fourth time that he will be locked up if he transgresses the Lav again. Only after the fourth warning is he locked up.
9. This is a case where we are certain that he killed, but there were not two valid witnesses who saw the act. Therefore, Beis Din may not put him to death. The same law of imprisonment would apply if there were two valid witnesses who either contradicted each other or who did not give a valid Hasra'ah.
10. It is a Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai that a person who is zealous and harbors the Kin'ah of Hashem in his heart may kill for these transgressions only while the violator is the midst of the act. Once the act is completed the violator is no longer Chayav Misah.
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