prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) What does the Mishnah say about Leining the Megilah sitting down?
(b) The Tana permits two people to Lein the Megilah. Why might we have thought that they may not (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?
(c) Then why is it permitted?
(a) To which B'rachah is the Tana referring when he attributes the B'rachah over the Megilah to Minhag (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?
(b) Why is that?
(c) What do we learn in this regard from the Pasuk in the Megilah "ve'ha'Yamim ha'Eileh Nizkarim ve'Na'asim"?
(d) Why, according to some opinions, do we repeat "Shehechiyanu" by day (in spite of having already recited it the night before)?
(e) Which opinion is the more logical?
(a) Regarding the Leining on Monday, Thursday and Shabbos Minchah, what does he say about ...
1. ... adding to the three regular Aliyos?
2. ... Leining from the Navi (Maftir)?
(b) According to the Mishnah, how many B'rachos in total does one recite on the days that one Leins?
(c) Why did the Chachamim institute that nowadays, does each Aliyah recite a ...
1. ... Brachah Rishonah?
2. ... B'rachah Achronah?
(a) When, besides on Rosh Chodesh, do we call up four people to the Torah?
(b) What does the Tana say about ...
1. ... adding an Aliyah?
2. ... Leining the Haftarah?
(c) Based on which principle do we add the fourth Aliyah?
(d) Who recites the B'rachos?
(a) And why do we then call up ...
1. ... five people on Yom-Tov?
2. ... six people on Yom Kipur?
3. ... seven people on Shabbos?
(b) What does the Mishnah say about calling up less?
(c) Who recites the B'rachos?
(d) In which two ways does the Halachah differ in the last three cases from the previous ones?
(a) The Mishnah now lists all the things that require ten people. The first is Porsin al Sh'ma. What is the meaning of ...
1. ... 'Porsin'?
2. ... 'Porsin al Sh'ma'?
(b) The next four are 'Ein Ovrin Lifnei ha'Teivah, ve'Ein Nos'in Kapeihem, ve'Ein Korin a'Torah ve'Ein Maftirin be'Navi'. What do the first 'Ovrin Lifnei ha'Teivah' and 'Nos'in Kapeihem'?
(c) How do we learn these from the Pasuk in Emor "Venikdashti be'Soch B'nei Yisrael"?
(d) And from where do we know that "Eidah" refers to ten people?
(a) The next four are 'Ein Osin Ma'amad u'Moshav, ve'Ein Omrim Birchas Aveilim, ve'Tanchumei Aveilim u'Birchas Chasanim'. What is 'Ma'amad u'Moshav'?
(b) How many times does one do it?
(c) What do they announce each time?
(d) Why does this need ten people?
(a) What is the definition of ...
1. ... 'Birchas Aveilim'?
2. ... 'Tanchumei Aveilim'?
3. ... 'Birchas Chasanim'?
(b) What is the last item on the current list?
(c) Why does it require ten people?
(d) The Tana adds assessing land belonging to Hekdesh that needs to be redeemed. In what way does this case differ from all the previous ones?
(e) How do we learn this from a combination of Erchin, Beheimah and Karka?
(a) What is the Tana referring to when he concludes 've'Adam ka'Yotzei bahen'?
(b) We learn this from the Pasuk in Bechukosai "Vehisnachaltem Osam li'Veneichem Achareichem". What does this Pasuk teach us?
(a) What is the smallest number of Pesukim that a person may Lein be'Tzibur?
(b) What is a Meturg'man?
(c) What is the largest number of Pesukim that he may translate at a time?
(d) Why is that?
(e) The why is he allowed three in the Navi?
(a) On what condition is the Metug'man confined to one Pasuk at a time even in the Navi?
(b) What other distinction does the Tana draw between Leining the Torah and Leining the Navi?
(c) On what condition does he allow scrolling even in the Torah? is skipping always prohibited? What precedence do we have for that?
(a) What is the maximum that one permitted to scroll?
(b) Why is that?
(a) About whom does the Tana say that 'He is Poreis al Sh'ma and Over lifnei ha'Teivah'?
(b) Why is that?
(c) And what does he say where the volunteer is a Katan?
(d) Why is that?
(e) What other honor does he receive as compensation (assuming he is a Kohen)?
(a) The Mishnah permits a Katan to Lein and to translate. How do some Ge'onim qualify the former ruling?
(b) What does the Tana say about him ...
1. ... being Poreis al Sh'ma?
2. ... Davening before the Amud?
(c) On which principle are these latter rulings based?
(d) And why does the Tana forbid a Kohen Katan to Duchen?
(a) The Mishnah permits a Poche'ach to be Poreis al Sh'ma and to translate. What is a 'Poche'ach'?
(b) Why does the Tana him forbid him to ...
1. ... Lein?
2. ... Daven before the Amud and to Duchen?
(c) What does the Tana Kama say about a blind man being Poreis al Sh'ma and translating?
(d) On what grounds does he permit the former (seeing as he does not benefit from the light)?
(a) Why does Rebbi Yehudah not permit a man who was born blind to be Poreis al Sh'a?
(b) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) The Mishnah forbids a Kohen with a blemish on his hands to Duchen. Why is that?
(b) What happens to someone who looks at the hands of a Kohen whilst he is Duchening?
(c) Why is that?
(d) What if the Kohen has a blemish on his face or on his feet?
(e) Why are we worried about a blemish on his feet, which are generally covered?
(a) Why are we concerned that one might look at his face or feet?
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah add to the list?
(c) If 'Istis' is a dye similar to the color Techeiles, what is Pu'ah?
(d) If the Halachah is like Rebbi Yehudah, on what condition is a Kohen nevertheless permitted to Duchen with dye on his hands?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about someone who states that he will not Daven before the Amud wearing ...
1. ... colored cloth (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 'Mipnei')?
2. ... shoes?
(b) Why is that?
(a) What does the Tana say about round-shaped Tefilin (besides that they pose)?
(b) Why has one not performed a Mitzvah?
(c) What danger do they pose?
(d) And what does he say about someone who wears Tefilin on his forehead or on the palm of his hand?
(a) From where does we learn that ...
1. ... the Tefilin shel Rosh must be worn in a location where there is hair?
2. ... the Tefilin shel Yad must be worn on the upper arm?
(b) What is another way of defining the former?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about someone who ...
1. ... overlays his Tefilin with gold?
2. ... wears the Tefilin shel Yad on his sleeve?
(b) From which Pasuk in Parshas Bo ere do we learn that Tefilin ...
1. ... may not be overlaid with gold?
2. ... shel Yad should be underneath one's sleeve and not on top of it (apart from the fact that the sleeve is a Chatzitzah)?
(a) Why does the Tana describe declaring that 'The good people shall bless Hashem' as Derech Miynus?
(b) From where do we learn that the Resha'im (who have done Teshuvah) should join together with the good people in Tefilah?
(a) What ruling do someone who declares that Hash-m's mercy extends to a bird's nest, who states that Hash-m should be mentioned for the good and who says 'Modim' 'Modim' share in common?
(b) What does a person who declares that Hash-m's mercy extends to a bird's nest mean?
(c) What is then wrong with saying ...
1. ... it?
2. ... that Hash-m should be mentioned for the good?
3. ... 'Modim' 'Modim'?
(a) The Mishnah instructs us to silence someone who is 'Mechaneh ba'Arayos'. What does he mean by that? How does he interpret it?
(b) The Tana issues a similar ruling with regard to someone who mistranslates the Pasuk "And do not pass some of your children to Molech". How does he translate it?
(c) How does this ruling differ from the previous case?
(d) Why is that? What has he done that is so terribly wrong?
(a) The Mishnah permits reading both Ma'aseh (the episode with) Reuven (the Pasuk "Vayishkav es Bilhah") Ma'aseh Tamar (and Amnon [See also Tos. Yom-Tov & Tiferes Yisrael]). What does the Tana say about ...
1. ... translating it (See Tos. Yom-Tov).
2. ... translating Ma'aseh Ma'aseh Tamar (and Amnon [See also Tos. Yom-Tov & Tiferes Yisrael]).
(b) Why in the latter case, are we not concerned about the Kavod of David?
(a) What distinction does the Mishnah draw between the first part of Ma'aseh Eigel and the second part.
(b) What constituted the second part? How does is it differ from the first part?
(c) What is then the reason for the stringency?
(d) Why might we have thought that the same stringency ought to apply to the first part of Ma'aseh ha'Eigel?
(a) On what grounds may Birchas Kohanim neither be read nor translated (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?
(b) Neither, says the Mishnah, may Ma'aseh David ve'Amnon (See also Tos. Yom-Tov DH 'Birchas Kohanim' & DH 'Ma'aseh David ve'Amnon'). Why is that?
(a) Why does the Tana Kama forbid Leining Ma'aseh ha'Merkavah (in Yechezkel) as the Haftarah?
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(c) And on what grounds does Rebbi Eliezer forbids Leining "Hoda es Yerushalayim".
(d) What is the Halachah in this regard?
Nishlemah Maseches Megilah