??
 
??
 
??
 
??

1)

(a)According to Rav Simla'i, of the six hundred and thirteen Mitzvos Yisrael were given, how many La'avin are there and how many Asei'in? To what do they correspond?

(b)How is it hinted in the Pasuk in ve'Zos ha'Berachah ("Torah Tzivah lanu Moshe ... ") that there are six hundred and thirteen Mitzvos?

(c)How many (crucial) Mitzvos did David Hamelech bring it down to (see Aruch la'Ner)?

(d)"Holech Tamim" (which means 'to follow Hash-m without any doubts') pertains to Avraham (about whom the Torah writes "His'halech Lefanai Veh'yei Tamim", and Po'el Tzedek to the deeds of Aba Chilkiyah (as related in Ta'anis). Which incident is Rebbi Simla'i referring to when he says that ...

1. ... "ve'Dover Emes bi'Levavo" refers to Rav Safra?

2. ... "Lo Ragal al Leshono" refers to Ya'akov Avinu?

(e)Then what made Ya'akov eventually condescend to go in to his father and lie?

1)

(a)According to Rav Simla'i, of the six hundred and thirteen Mitzvos Yisrael were given - three hundred and sixty-five are La'avin (corresponding to the days in a year, each of which announces 'Do a Mitzvah on me!'), and two hundred and forty-eight are Asei'in (corresponding to the limbs of a person, each of which announces, 'Do a Mitzvah with me!').

(b)It is hinted in the Pasuk in ve'Zos ha'Berachah ("Torah Tzivah lanu Moshe ... ") that there are six hundred and thirteen Mitzvos, - by the fact that the Gematriyah of "Torah" is six hundred and eleven, plus the two Mitzvos ('Anochi' and 'Lo Yih'yeh l'cha') which we heard from Hash-m Himself, add up to six hundred and thirteen.

(c)David Hamelech brought it down to - eleven crucial Mitzvos (see Aruch la'Ner), as we will now proceed to explain.

(d)"Holech Tamim" (which means 'to follow Hash-m without any doubts') pertains to Avraham (about whom the Torah writes "His'halech Lefanai Veh'yei Tamim", and Po'el Tzedek to the deeds of Aba Chilkiyah (as related in Ta'anis). When Rebbi Simla'i says that ...

1. ... "ve'Dover Emes bi'Levavo" refers to Rav Safra, - he is referring to the episode where the latter failed to respond to an offer for a certain object that he wished to sell, due to the fact that he was reciting the Sh'ma. He refused to accept a second, higher offer for the object made by the would-be purchaser, who attributed Rav Safra's silence to his rejection of his first offer, because in fact, in his heart he had accepted the first offer.

2. ... "Lo Ragal al Leshono" refers to Ya'akov Avinu - he is referring to the episode where the latter initially refused to go in to his father for the B'rachos, because it would entail lying.

(e)He eventually condescended to go in to his father and lie - only because his mother forced him to, and even her orders were not her own but those of the Shechinah.

2)

(a)"Lo Asah le'Re'eihu Ra'ah" refers to someone who does not encroach on his fellow-Jew's business. What does "ve'Cherpah Lo Nasa al Kerovo" refer to?

(b)"Nivzeh be'Einav Nim'as" refers to Chizkiyahu Hamelech, and "Yir'ei Hash-m Yechabed" to King Yehoshafat. What did ...

1. ... Chizkiyahu Hamelech do after his father's Achaz died? What does "Nivzeh be'Einav Nim'as" then mean?

2. ... Yehoshafat used to do whenever he saw a Talmid-Chacham?

(c)"Nishba Lehara ve'Lo Yamir" refers to Rebbi Yochanan. What Shevu'ah did Rebbi Yochanan used to make?

(d)What does "Kaspo Lo Nasan be'Neshech" come to include?

2)

(a)"Lo Asah le'Re'eihu Ra'ah" refers to not encroaching on one's fellow-Jew's business; "ve'Cherpah Lo Nasa al Kerovo" - to being nice to one's relatives (see Agados Maharsha).

(b)"Nivzeh be'Einav Nim'as" refers to Chizkiyahu Hamelech, and "Yir'ei Hash-m Yechabed" to Yehoshafat Hamelech. Chizkiyahu Hamelech ...

1. ... dragged the bones of the deceased Achaz, his wicked father, around on a bed of ropes. "Nivzeh be'Einav Nim'as" therefore means that he despised whoever was considered despicable in the Eyes of Hash-m (even if it was his own father [see also Agados Maharsha]), whereas ...

2. ... Yehoshafat, whenever he saw a Talmid-Chacham - he would get up from his throne, hug him and kiss him and address him as 'Rebbi Rebbi, Mari Mari'.

(c)"Nishba Lehara ve'Lo Yamir" refers to Rebbi Yochanan, who would make a Shevu'ah - to fast until he arrived home (in order to avoid benefiting from the Nasi [see Agados Maharsha])

(d)"Kaspo Lo Nasan be'Neshech" comes to include - taking Ribis (interest) even from a Nochri (which is basically permitted).

3)

(a)The last of the eleven things is "ve'Shochad al Naki Lo Lakach". What does "al Naki" mean?

(b)And the example for this is Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi. What did he do?

(c)The Pasuk concludes "Oseh Eileh Lo Yimot". Why did that evoke tears on the part of Raban Gamliel?

(d)His colleagues reassured him however, that since the Pasuk does not write "Oseh Kol Eileh", it means that even one of them will already have the desired effect of causing one not to be moved. How did they prove it from the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos (in connection with the Arayos) "Al Titam'u be'Chol Eileh"?

3)

(a)The last of the eleven things is "ve'Shochad al Naki Lo Lakach". "al Naki" means - even bribery that is basically permitted to take, like the case of ...

(b)... Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi - who refused to judge his share-cropper, because he brought him fruit that was his anyway, a day or two earlier (only he had come to town early in order to be judged).

(c)The Pasuk concludes "Oseh Eileh Lo Yimot", evoking tears on the part of Raban Gamliel - who understood the Pasuk to mean that only someone who adheres to all eleven principles will remain unmoved.

(d)His colleagues reassured him however, that since the Pasuk does not write "Oseh Kol Eileh", it means that even one of them will already cause one not to be moved. And they learn it - from the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "Al Titam'u be'Chol Eileh" (which certainly does not mean that it is only someone who transgresses all the Arayos who defiles himself [even though the Pasuk does use the Lashon "Kol", as we explained in Sanhedrin]).

4)

(a)Yeshayah brought the number of Mitzvos down further, to six main principles. "Holech Tzedakos" pertains once again, to Avraham Avinu. Which Pasuk in Vayeira did the Navi have in mind?

(b)To what does "ve'Dover Mesharim" refer?

(c)"Mo'eis be'Betza Ma'ashakos" pertains to Rebbi Yishmael ben Elisha, and "No'er Kapav mi'Temoch be'Shochad", to Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi (as we explained earlier). What did Rebbi Yishmael ben Elisha, who was the Kohen Gadol, do, to earn this title?

4)

(a)Yeshayah brought the number of Mitzvos down further, to six main principles. "Holech Tzedakos" pertains once again, to Avraham Avinu, by whom the Torah writes 'that Hash-m chose him because he would command his children to go in the ways of Hash-m, to do "Tzedakah u'Mishpat".

(b)"ve'Dover Mesharim" refers - to someone who refrains from shaming his fellow-Jew in public.

(c)"Mo'eis be'Betza Ma'ashakos" pertains to Rebbi Yishmael ben Elisha, and "No'er Kapav mi'Temoch be'Shochad", to Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi (as we explained earlier). "Mo'eis be'Betza Ma'ashakos" (which is written even before it) pertains to Rebbi Yishmael ben Elisha, who was the Kohen Gadol - and who refused to accept Reishis ha'Gez (the first of the shearings) that someone who came to him to be judged wanted to give him, because he did not want to 'rob' the Kohen who normally received it, of his 'dues'.

5)

(a)"Otem Ozno mi'Shemo'a Damim" pertains to Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon. To which incident in 'ha'Socher es ha'Po'alim' does this refer?

(b)How does Rebbi Chiya bar Aba explain "ve'Otzem Einav me'Re'os be'Ra"?

(c)What does the Navi say about all of these?

5)

(a)"Otem Ozno mi'Shemo'a Damim" pertains to Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon to the incident (in 'ha'Socher es ha'Po'alim') - where, after his death, a worm once emerged, because he once overheard a Talmid-Chacham being put to shame, and remained silent (which illustrates how meticulous he normally was in this regard); whereas Rebbi Chiya bar Aba explains "ve'Otzem Einav me'Re'os be'Ra".

(b)Rebbi Chiya bar Aba explains "ve'Otzem Einav me'Re'os be'Ra" - with regard to someone who shuts his eyes when he passes a spot where women are washing their clothes in the river (which inevitably causes them to uncover parts of their bodies that are generally covered).

(c)The Navi says about all of these - ''Hu Meromim Yishkon" (He will dwell on high).

6)

(a)Michah brought the brunt of the Mitzvos down to three, all contained in the Pasuk "Higid L'cha Adam Mah Tov u'Mah Hash-m Doresh me'Imach ... ". What did he mean by "Ki-im Asos Mishpat ve'Ahavas Chesed"?

(b)On what grounds do we connect "Vehatzne'a Leches im Elokecha" with the Mitzvos of Hotza'as ha'Meis and Hachnasas Kalah?

(c)Why would we then Darshen a 'Kal va'Chomer' with regard to other Mitzvos (such as Tzedakah)?

(d)On which two Mitzvos did Yeshayah (for the second time) base the Torah?

6)

(a)Michah brought the brunt of the Mitzvos down to three, all contained in the Pasuk "Higid L'cha Adam Mah Tov u'Mah Hash-m Doresh me'Imach ... ". By "Ki-im Asos Mishpat ve'Ahavas Chesed", he meant - Din and Gemilus Chasadim.

(b)We connect "Vehatzne'a Leches im Elokecha" with the Mitzvos of Hotza'as ha'Meis and Hachnasas Kalah - by virtue of the fact that by both of them, the Pasuk in Koheles writes the word "Leches" ("Tov Leches el Beis Aveil me'Leches el Beis Mishteh").

(c)And we would then Darshen a 'Kal va'Chomer' with regard to other Mitzvos (such as Tzadakah) - which, from the very outset, one performs more discreetly, than Hotza'as ha'Meis and Hachnasas Kalah, which are generally done in public.

(d)Yeshayah (for the second time) based the Torah on - Mishpat (justice) and Gemilus Chasadim.

7)

(a)On what grounds did Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak object to the suggestion that Michah brought down the number of basic Mitzvos to one, when he said "Koh Amar Hash-m le'Veis Yisrael, Dirshuni Vich'yu"?

(b)Why did the Nevi'im find it necessary to minimize the principles on which the Torah is based?

(c)On which single Mitzvah did Chavakuk finally base the entire Torah?

7)

(a)Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak objected to the suggestion that Michah brought down the number of basic Mitzvos to one, when he said "Ko Amar Hash-m le'Veis Yisrael, Dirshuni Vichyu" - on the grounds that "Dirshuni Vich'yu" might well mean 'Seek Hash-m by learning the entire Torah'.

(b)The Nevi'im found it necessary to minimize the principles on which the Torah is based - as the generations became spiritually weaker.

(c)Chavakuk finally based the entire Torah on the Mitzvah - of Emunah, when he said "ve'Tzadik be'Emunaso Yichyeh".

8)

(a)What did Rebbi Yossi bar Chanina say about the four harsh decrees that Moshe issued against K'lal Yisrael?

(b)What did Moshe mean when he blessed Yisrael (in ve'Zos ha'Berachah) "Vayishkon Yisrael Badad Ein Ya'akov"?

(c)What did Amos say about that?

(d)How do we know that Hash-m agreed with him?

8)

(a)Rebbi Yossi bar Chanina said about the four harsh decrees that Moshe issued against K'lal Yisrael - that four Nevi'im negated them (though it is difficult to understand how it is possible to negate the words of Moshe, for which one is normally Chayav Misah).

(b)When Moshe blessed Yisrael "Vayishkon Yisrael Badad Ein Ya'akov" - he meant that Yisrael would only be unique among the nations only provided they were on the level of Ya'akov.

(c)Amos says about that - "Chadal Na, Mi Yakum Ya'akov" ('Enough of that! Who can be like Ya'akov'?)

(d)We know that Hash-m agreed with him - because the Pasuk writes there "Nicham Hash-m al Zos".

9)

(a)What had Moshe said that Yirmiyah negated when he said "Am Seridei Charev, Haloch Lehargi'o Yisrael"?

(b)What did Moshe say about the sins of the fathers?

(c)What did Yechezkel then say to counter it?

(d)Which harsh decree of Moshe did Yeshayah negate when he said "Vehayah ba'Yom ha'Hu Yitaka be'Shofar Gadol"?

9)

(a)Moshe had said - that Yisrael will find no respite among the nations ("u'va'Goyim ha'Heim Lo Sargi'a"), which Yirmiyah negated when he said "Am Seridei Charev, Haloch *Lehargi'o* Yisrael".

(b)Moshe said in Ki Sisa "Pokeid Avon Avos al Banim" (provided the sons continue to go in the footsteps of the fathers).

(c)To counter it, Yechezkel said - "ha'Nefesh ha'Chota'as Hi Tamus!" (but not for the sins of the fathers, under any circumstances)

(d)The harsh decree of Moshe that Yeshayah negated when he said "Vehayah ba'Yom ha'Hu Yitaka be'Shofar Gadol" - was "Va'avadtem ba'Goyim" (in Bechukosai), in which there will be no-one to redeem).

10)

(a)Rav was afraid of the Pasuk in Bechukosai "Va'avadtem ba'Goyim". What did Rav Papa comment on that?

(b)How did he prove his argument with the Pasuk in Tehilim "Ta'isi ke'Seh Oved"? How does the Pasuk end?

(c)And what did Mar Zutra comment on the suggestion that maybe it was the continuation of the Pasuk ("ve'Achlah Osam Eretz Oyveichem") that Rav was afraid of?

10)

(a)Rav was afraid of the Pasuk "Va'avadtem ba'Goyim". Rav Papa therefore suggested - that the Pasuk was speaking about a lost article which the owner is searching for (and not one that he has given up on [in which case, the article stands to be found, and there is nothing to be afraid of]).

(b)And he proves this with the Pasuk in Tehilim - "Ta'isi ke'Seh Oved, Bakeish Avdecha" ('I erred like a lost sheep, seek your servant').

(c)And with regard to the suggestion that maybe it was the continuation of the Pasuk ("ve'Achlah Osam Eretz Oyveichem" [implying that Yisrael will be destroyed]) that Rav was afraid of Mar Zutra commented - that even then, there was nothing to be afraid of, because perhaps, the Pasuk means like one eats cucumbers and pumpkins, of which one eats part and leaves part.

24b----------------------------------------24b

11)

(a)Why did ...

1. ... Raban Gamliel, Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah and Rebbi Yehoshua begin to weep when they heard sounds of rejoicing in Rome?

2. ... Rebbi Akiva laugh?

(b)On another occasion, when the same four Tana'im reached Har ha'Tzofim, they rent their garments. Why did they do that?

(c)What did they see that caused the same three Tana'im to weep when they reached the Har ha'Bayis?

(d)Again Rebbi Akiva began to laugh, but this time because of the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Ve'a'idah Li Eidim Ne'emanim es Uri'ah ha'Kohen ve'es Zecharyah ben Berechyah". What is the problem with the juxtaposition of these two Nevi'im?

11)

(a)The reason that ...

1. ... Raban Gamliel, Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah and Rebbi Yehoshua began to weep when they heard sounds of rejoicing in Rome was, as they explains -'If those heathens, who prostrate themselves before something that is worthless, and sacrifice to wood and stones, dwell in safety and tranquillity, then when the House that serves as the footstool of our G-d, lies smoldering, how can we not cry?'

2. ... Rebbi Akiva laughed was - for the very same reason. Because if those who transgress Hash-m's will have it so good, imagine what is in store for those who perform Hash-m's will.

(b)On another occasion, when the same four Tana'im reached Har ha'Tzofim, they rent their garments - because from there, they were able to see the ruins of the Beis-Hamikdash.

(c)The same three Tana'im wept once again when they reached the Har ha'Bayis - because they saw a fox emerge from the Kodesh Kodshim (the place about which it is written "ve'ha'Zar ha'Karev Yumas").

(d)Again Rebbi Akiva began to laugh, but this time because of the Pasuk "Ve'a'idah Li Eidim Ne'emanim es Uri'ah ha'Kohen ve'es Zecharyah ben Berechyah". The problem with the juxtaposition of these two Nevi'im is - the fact that the former lived in the time of the first Beis-Hamikdash, whereas the latter lived in the time of the second (see also Tosfos).

12)

(a)What is the gist of the prophesy of ...

1. ... Uri'ah ha'Kohen (in Michah)?

2. ... Zecharyah ben Berechyah?

(b)Then what was it that caused Rebbi Akiva to laugh?

(c)How did the other Tana'im react to Rebbi Akiva's explanation?

12)

(a)The prophesy of ...

1. ... Uri'ah ha'Kohen (in Michah) refers to - the plowing of Yerushalayim into a field.

2. ... Zecharyah ben Berechyah - to the fact that old men and women will yet sit in the streets of Yerushalayim.

(b)What therefore caused Rebbi Akiva to laugh was - the fact having seen the fulfillment of the first prophecy (which denotes total destruction, into a place where foxes go [Eitz Yosef]. See also Agados Maharsha), they could be rest assured, that the second prophecy too, would come true.

(c)The other Tana'im reacted to Rebbi Akiva's explanation with the declaration - 'Akiva Nichamtanu! Akiva Nichamtanu!' ('Akiva, you have comforted us ... !')

Hadran Alach 'Eilu Hein ha'Lokin', u'Selika Lah Maseches Makos

OTHER D.A.F. RESOURCES ON THIS DAF