Mishnah 1
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1)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about a man who undertakes to sustain his wife's daughter (from a previous marriage) for five years (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

(b)How, other than by means of a Sh'tar plus a Kinyan, might he make this undertaking?

(c)If he divorces his wife and she remarries, on the same condition that she made with her first husband, which man is obligated to feed the daughter?

(d)What is the daughter supposed to do with two sets of Mezonos?

1)

(a)The Mishnah rules that if a man undertakes to sustain his wife's daughter (from a previous marriage) for five years (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - then he is obligated to fulfill his undertaking (See Tiferes Yisrael).

(b)Besides by means of a Sh'tar plus a Kinyan (See previous Tiferes Yisrael), he might make this undertaking - through witnesses (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)If he divorces his wife and she remarries, on the same condition that she made with her first husband, both men are obligated to feed the daughter ...

(d)... one directly, and the other, by giving her the equivalent value in cash (See Tiferes Yisrael).

2)

(a)What if the first husband claims that he will keep his undertaking, provided the daughter comes to live with him?

(b)Up to what age can a mother demand that ...

1. ... her daughter lives with her?

2. ... her son lives with her?

(c)What obligation does the father have during that period?

2)

(a)Should the first husband claims that he will keep his undertaking, provided the daughter comes to live with him - we ignore his claim, and he is obligated to sustain her in the location of her mother.

(b)A mother can demand that ...

1. ... her daughter lives with her - irrespective of her age.

2. ... her son lives with her -up to the age of six ...

(c)... during which time her ex-husband is obligated to sustain him too.

Mishnah 2
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3)

(a)If the above-mentioned daughter should marry, how do they divide the three obligations to feed her?

(b)In the event that the husbands die, what distinction does the Tana draw between the daughter under discussion and the deceased men's daughters?

(c)Why can their daughters not claim from Meshubadim?

(d)What makes the current daughter different?

3)

(a)In the event that the above-mentioned daughter marries - then her husband is obligated to actually sustain her (See Tos. Yom-Tov), whereas the two other men must pay the equivalent in cash (Ibid).

(b)In the event that the husbands die (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - the Tana authorizes the daughter under discussion to claim from Meshubadim (i.e. people who purchased the field from the two men), whereas the deceased men's daughters may only claim b'nei Chorin (fields that the heirs inherited ...

(c)... not from Meshubadim - because there is no way that potential purchasers can safeguard themselves against unlimited claims).

(d)The current daughter is different - in that she has the Din of a regular creditor (See Tos. Yom-Tov [since the purchasers can easily become aware of the five-year time-limit]).

4)

(a)What did men who were smart used to add when stipulating that they would sustain their wives' daughters for five years?

(b)What did they gain by doing that?

4)

(a)When stipulating that they would sustain their wives daughters for five years, men who were smart would add - the words 'as long as you are with me' ...

(b)... thereby exempting themselves in the event that either of them die or that he divorces her.

Mishnah 3
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5)

(a)The Mishnah discusses an Almanah who states that she is unable to move from her husband's house. What ...

1. ... can the Yesomim not say to her?

2. ... are they in fact, obligated to do?

(b)Why, if the accommodation with which they provide her collapses, are they not obligated to replace it?

(c)What if she undertakes to pay the building costs?

(d)What other rights does she have in the event that she remains in her husband's house?

5)

(a)The Mishnah discusses an Almanah who states that she is unable to move from her husband's house. The Yesomim ...

1. ... cannot say to her - that they will only sustain her on condition that she returns to her father's house. In fact ...

2. ... not only are they obligated to sustain her there where she is; they are also Chayav to provide her with respectable accommodation.

(b)If the accommodation with which they provide her collapses, they are not obligated to replace it - due to the wording written in the Kesubah 'you will reside in my house' (precluding among other things, any house/room that is built after his death ...

(c)... even if she undertakes to pay the building costs.

(d)As long as she opts to remains in her husband's house - she retains the right to use the house utensils and slaves, just as she did prior to her husband's death.

6)

(a)What if she claims that she cannot move from her father's house?

(b)Why is that?

(c)On what condition does the Tana obligated them to sustain her even in her father's house?

(d)What does he mean (See Meleches Sh'lomoh)?

6)

(a)If, on the other hand, she claims that she cannot move from her father's house - then they can indeed warn her that they will only sustain her on condition that she stays with them in their house ...

(b)... because the B'rachah that of a house is commensurate with the number of people who live in it (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)They are however, obligated to sustain her even in her father's house - if she claims that they are all children ...

(d)... by which she means that - she will be the only girl in her husband's house and all the others are boys (and she is afraid of a bad name (See Meleches Sh'lomoh).

Mishnah 4
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7)

(a)According to Rebbi Meir citing Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel, for how long following her husband's death is she permitted to claim her Kesubah assuming she is living ...

1. ... with her father (and is sustained by the Yesomim [See Tos. Yom-Tov])?

2. ... in her husband's house?

(b)What is the reason for the latter ruling?

(c)What equivalent rulings do the Chachamim issue.

(d)What is the reason for the former ruling?

(e)Why is her silence not considered Mechilah even if she is residing in her husband's house?

7)

(a)According to Rebbi Meir citing Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel, following her husband's death ...

1. ... if she lives with her father and is sustained by the Yesomim (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - she can claim her Kesubah forever, whereas if she llives ...

2. ... in her husband 's house - she may only claim up to twenty-five years ...

(b)... because we assess that during that period of time, she will have given away the equivalent of her Kesubah to her neighbors by way of bread and salt (gifts and trinkets).

(c)The Chachamim maintain - the reverse (twenty-five years if she is living with her father, any amount time if she continues to reside in her husband's house.

(d)The reason for the former ruling is - because if she has failed to claim by twenty-five years, we assume that she has been Mochel her Kesubah ...

(e)... whereas if she is residing in her husband's house, her silence is not construed as Mechilah - but because, due to the honor that they afford her, she is too embarrassed to ask.

8)

(a)In the event that the Almanah dies, how long do her heirs have to claim her Kesubah?

(b)On what condition can they claim it?

(c)Why is that?

8)

(a)In the event that the Almanah dies, her heirs must claim her Kesubah - within twenty-five years (See Tos. Yom-Tov) ...

(b)... provided the Yesomim made the appropriate Shevu'ah before she died ...

(c)... because, as we have already learned - a person cannot bequeath a Shevu'ah to his/her heirs?

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